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Flashcards in Hospo exam Deck (24)
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1

nutrients

substances in food that your body needs to carry out normal functions

2

nutrition

the process of taking in food and using it for energy, growth and good health

3

carbs

body's primary source of energy, are sugar starches

4

simple carbs

fruit, milk, table sugars

5

complex carbs

bread, rice past

6

protein

nutrients that provide building blocks your body needs to maintain its health, found in eggs, beans, milk

7

vitamins

help regulate body functions and fight off diseases, found in fruit, vegetables, whole grains and meat

8

macronutrient

carbs, proteins, fats that your body needs in large amounts to maintain good health

9

micronutrient

a group of vitamins and minerals that your body needed by the body in smaller amounts

10

saturated fats

the fatty type of fat, such as cake, butter, biscuits, bacon

11

unsaturated fats

healthy fats, avocado, walnuts, vegetable oil

12

lean meat

meat with a lower fat content

13

five food groups

protein, dairy, vegetables, fruit, grain

14

five nutrient groups

carbs, protein, fats, vitamins, minerals

15

difference between macro and micronutrients

macronutrients are needed in larger amounts to maintain goo health whereas micronutrients and needed in smaller amounts

16

difference between nutrients and nutrition

nutrients are a more specific term referring to vitamins and minerals whereas nutrition is a more broad term

17

difference between saturated and unsaturated fats

saturated fats are unhealthy and needed much less, examples include butter, bacon. whereas unsaturated fats include healthy fats such as avocados, walnuts

18

average kj intake for an adult

8700

19

1 kj = ? calories

0.2 calories

20

recommended daily serve for fruit

2

21

recommended daily serve for vegetable

5

22

recommended daily serve for dairy

2 1/2

23

recommended daily serve for protein

2 1/2

24

recommended daily serve for grain

6