House Of Mycenae Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in House Of Mycenae Deck (16):
1

Pelops had two sons, what were their names? Which one became king of Mycenae?

Thyestes and Atreus
Atreus becomes king of Mycenae

2

What were the names of Atreus' sons?

Menelaus and Agamemnon

3

Who was Menelaus

King of Sparta and husband of Helen

4

Who was Agamemnon

King of Mycenae and leader of Greeks during the Trojan war. Husband of Clytemnestra

5

Who were the children of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra

Iphigenia, Electra and Orestes

6

Which 3 playwrights tell the story of the house of Mycenae?

Sophocles (Electra)

Aeschylus (Oresteia: Agamemnon, libation bearers, Eumenides)

Euripides (Iphigenia and Electra)

7

Pelops

Lover of Poseidon

Poseidon helps him to become king of Pisa

8

How does Pelops bring the curse upon his descendants, the kings of Mycenae?

He cheats in a chariot race and kills a king during a contest for the Kings daughter's hand in marriage. He bribes the Kings charioteer, but later goes back on his word and Pelops throws him from a cliff. As he is falling, the charioteer curses Pelops and his family.

9

What does Atreus hide from Artemis?

A golden lamb that he promised to sacrifice to her, but instead he hides it with his wife.

10

How does Atreus get the throne back from his brother thyestes?

When Atreus demand the throne back, Thyestes tells him he can have it "when the sun travels backward in the sky." Zeus overhears and commands the sun god to drive his chariot of the sun in the opposite direction.

11

After Atreus has his sons killed, what does Thyestes do? Why does he need a son?

He rapes his daughter and she becomes pregnant with Aegisthus. The Pythia told Thyestes that his vengeance will only come through his son.

12

How does Aegisthus get revenge on Agamemnon?

He seduces Agamemnon's wife, Clytemnestra and they take over his throne when he is fighting in Troy. Clytemnestra kills Agamemnon when he returns from war.

13

Before the Greeks set sail for Troy, something happens that delays them, what is it?

Agamemnon kills a deer in Artemis' sacred grove, and draws her wrath. Artemis halts the winds and prevents them from sailing.

14

Who was the founder of the house of Mycenae?

Pelops, son of Tantalus

15

Why does Clytemnestra turn against Agamemnon?

He sacrificed their daughter to Artemis.

16

Orestes

Son of Agamemnon
Exiled by Aegisthus
Eventually returns to avenge his father
He kills Aegisthus and Clytemnestra
He is tortured by the furies until he is saved by Apollo.
He is put on trial in Athens for the murder of his mother. He is defended by Apollo, the furies are the prosecution and Athena is judge. Athena decides in his favor.