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Flashcards in Housing Lab Animals Deck (48):
1

Mammals that have a placenta that nourishes young.

Eutharians

2

Young born with eyes and ears closed, no visible ear growth, entirely dependent on mother

Altricial

3

The first defecation.

Meconium

4

Fully developed at birth with fur, eyes open and can hear and function independently.

Precocial

5

Also known are marsupials.

Metatheria

6

Young that must attach to a pouch Or teat to complete development.

Metatheria

7

Mammals that lay eggs.

Monotremes

8

Two species of monotremes.

Duck billed platypus, echidna

9

All mammals except monotremes.....

Have two sets of front teeth

10

Baby teeth are called.

Deciduous

11

Why should animals have limited lay time on their side?

Down lung syndrome

12

What does the soft and hard palate separate?

The esophagus and the trachea

13

A hole between two structures that is not meant to be.

Fistula

14

Any animal used for obtaining info will be applied to a different species.

Lab animal

15

ASPCA

American society for prevention of cruelty of animals

16

Two main uses for lab animals?

Subjects to investigate disease, producing disease prevention biological substances

17

HSUS

Humane society of the United States

18

ILAR

Institute for laboratory animal resources

19

AAALAC

Association for assessment and accreditation for laboratory animal care

20

ALF

American liberation front

21

Animal chosen for research for its similarities to the species research is focused on.

Animal model

22

What factors go into play for deciding models?

Characteristics, size, health, litter size, longevity

23

The three Rs.

Reduction, refinement, replacement

24

Normal non related breeding between the same species for maximum diversity

Random, out bred breeding

25

Breeding used with rodents, takes 20 generations to consider pure genetically.

Inbreeding

26

Mating two genetically pure animals of a different family line.

Hybrid breeding

27

A form of inbreeding.

Line breeding.

28

One male, one female breeding

Monogamous

29

Polygamous mating with one male and more than one female

Harem breeding

30

Posture showing female is ready to mate

Lordosis

31

Male and female only put together for breeding purposes.

Separate housing

32

SPF

Specific pathogen free

33

Housing that takes no action to rodent disease in your house,

Conventional

34

Sterilized cages.

Barriers

35

Cage environment

Microenvironment

36

Temperature, humidity, ventilation, light, noise

Macroenvironment

37

Who sets housing standards?

ILAR

38

Three groups of animals?

Eutharians

39

Most temperatures in cages should not exceed...

80f

40

What does low humidity cause?

Ringtail

41

What does increase humidity sometimes cause?

Pneumonia

42

How many air exchanges per hour.

10-15

43

Ideal lighting.

12-12

44

What is white noise?

Static, radio, background noise

45

Any substrate used as an absorbent in waste collection or comes in contact with the animal

Bedding

46

Toxic bedding

Cedar shavings

47

Most common bedding types.

Ground cob corn, wood shavings, compressed paper, straw

48

Most common lab rat.

Long -Evans hooded rat