Flashcards in Housing Lab Animals Deck (48):
Mammals that have a placenta that nourishes young.
Young born with eyes and ears closed, no visible ear growth, entirely dependent on mother
The first defecation.
Fully developed at birth with fur, eyes open and can hear and function independently.
Also known are marsupials.
Young that must attach to a pouch Or teat to complete development.
Mammals that lay eggs.
Two species of monotremes.
Duck billed platypus, echidna
All mammals except monotremes.....
Have two sets of front teeth
Baby teeth are called.
Why should animals have limited lay time on their side?
Down lung syndrome
What does the soft and hard palate separate?
The esophagus and the trachea
A hole between two structures that is not meant to be.
Any animal used for obtaining info will be applied to a different species.
American society for prevention of cruelty of animals
Two main uses for lab animals?
Subjects to investigate disease, producing disease prevention biological substances
Humane society of the United States
Institute for laboratory animal resources
Association for assessment and accreditation for laboratory animal care
American liberation front
Animal chosen for research for its similarities to the species research is focused on.
What factors go into play for deciding models?
Characteristics, size, health, litter size, longevity
The three Rs.
Reduction, refinement, replacement
Normal non related breeding between the same species for maximum diversity
Random, out bred breeding
Breeding used with rodents, takes 20 generations to consider pure genetically.
Mating two genetically pure animals of a different family line.
A form of inbreeding.
One male, one female breeding
Polygamous mating with one male and more than one female
Posture showing female is ready to mate
Male and female only put together for breeding purposes.
Specific pathogen free
Housing that takes no action to rodent disease in your house,
Temperature, humidity, ventilation, light, noise
Who sets housing standards?
Three groups of animals?
Most temperatures in cages should not exceed...
What does low humidity cause?
What does increase humidity sometimes cause?
How many air exchanges per hour.
What is white noise?
Static, radio, background noise
Any substrate used as an absorbent in waste collection or comes in contact with the animal
Most common bedding types.
Ground cob corn, wood shavings, compressed paper, straw