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Flashcards in Non Human Primates Deck (31):
1

Examples of prosimians.

Tree shrews, squirrel like

2

Anthropoideans

Simians

3

Five taxonomic families of anthropoideas?

The new world, old world primates, lesser apes, great apes, humans

4

Closest to us related genetically?

Hominoids

5

Examples of hominoids?

Gorilla, chimpanzee

6

What is different between old world and new world primates?

New world CAN grasp with their tail, nasal holes open down word, they have no cheek pouches, rounded skulls, 36 instead of 32 teeth, old world has keritamized butt pads,

7

What percent of animals used in research are non human primates?

0.025%

8

Why do we not use more non human primates?

High cost and hard to house, PETA pickets due to genetic similarities to humans

9

What are non human primates mostly used for?

Last stage testing before humans use the product

10

IPSC

Interagency primate steering company

11

What other things are primates used for in research?

HIV/AIDS, Viral hepatitis, male patterned baldness, diabetes mellitus, atherosclerosis

12

What do NHPs imported need to be tested for?

Tuberculosis

13

What is the only NHP that does not have visible genitals?

Spider monkey

14

What is the bright colored skin called of a female when she is in estrus?

Sex skin

15

What category of NHP do not have sex skin?

New world primates

16

How long is gestation period?

164-over 200 days

17

What does it mean when a female has bore more than one child?

Multiperious

18

What form are NHPs young born as?

Altricial

19

Common behavior of NHPs?

Grooming (each other), foraging for food, gestures, vocalization, facial expressions

20

What do NHPs eat?

Eat plant material, fruits, leaves, insects, cannibalistic

21

What vitamin do primates need to be supplemented?

Vitamin C

22

How much stronger are primates?

4 to 10x stronger

23

Examples of parasitic disease they can transmit?

Toxoplasmosis

24

Most common respiratory disease?

TB

25

Where is TB most commonly found?

Old world primates

26

Most common way to test for TB?

Intradermal testing

27

Who is at the highest risk for TB?

Foreign borne persons, health care workers, close proximity with TB suspects

28

How many hepatitis viruses can be spread to humans?

Five

29

Caused by paramyxovirus causing facial discharge and rashes?

Measles

30

Caused by filovirus infecting macaques with a 100% mortality rate?

Simian hemorrhagic fever

31

The two common orders.

Prosimii and anthropoidea