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Flashcards in How We Cough Deck (16)
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1

Which sensory receptors are stimulated in coughing?

CN IX or CN X

2

What happens to the vocal cords in coughing?

vagus nerves cause adduction of vocal cords, this causes rime glottidis to close, and then the vocal cords suddenly abduct, causing the rimaglottidis to open

3

Do abdominal wall muscle relax or contract in coughing?

contract

4

What happens to the soft palate during coughing?

tenses and elevates, closing off entrance to nasopharynx

5

What is the carotid sheath a tube of?

Deep fascia

6

What does the carotid sheath contain?

Vagus nerves, internal carotid and common carotid arteries, internal jugular vein

7

Which sensory receptors are stimulated in both sneezing and coughing?

CNV or CNIX

8

How do visceral afferents travel from visceral pleura and respiratory tree to medulla?

by pulmonary plexus and then by vagus nerve

9

What does the diaphragm do in forced inspiration?

flatten, then descend maximally

10

What are the accessory muscles of forced inspiration?

pectoralis major, minor and sternocleidomastoid

11

Where do the vagus nerves connect with the CNS?

medulla oblongata

12

What do tonic contractions do?

maintain posture and support vertebral column and movements of spine

13

What does guarding protect?

abdominal viscera

14

What type of muscles are the intrinsic muscles of the larynx?

skeletal

15

What does the muscular part of the diaphragm attach peripherally to?

the sternum
the lower 6 ribs & costal cartilages
L1-L3 vertebral bodies

16

What is needle crycothyrotomy?

temporary emergency procedure performed in cases of upper respiratory tract obstruction at or above the level of the vocal cords