Flashcards in Hsci 442 Midterm 2 Deck (36)
What are autosomes?
22 of the 23 pairs of human chromosomes are “autosomes”
1 of the 23 pairs of human chromosomes
Henderson Hasslebach Equation?
pH = pKa + log [A-] / [HA]
How do you find pKa?
pKa = -log (5.6 x 10^-10)
Missing X chromosome
Females with extra X chromosome
Makes with extra Y chromosome
What are EH?
encode proteins that metabolize cyclic ether compounds
What are G6DP?
Encodes for the cytosolic enzyme that catalyzes the reaction
The entirety of proteins in existence in an organism throughout its life cycle. (Also in stimulations).
Collection of alleles in a persons chromosome
Working subunits of DNA that contain a code for a specific product (usually a protein) and instructions for making cells and what goes on inside them.
Set of observable characteristics of an individual resulting from the interaction with the environment.
Represents the collection of all metabolites in a biological organism.
A sequence of three nucleotides that together form a unit of genetic code in a DNA/RNA molecule.
Base pairs of DNA?
ATCG: Adenine, Thymine, Cytosine, Guanine.
Base pairs of RNA?
AUCG: Adenine, Uracil, Cytosine, Guanine.
Which ethnic group does Tay sachs affect?
What is Tay Sachs?
Abnormal lipid metabolism.
Which ethnic group does Sickle Cell Anemia affect?
African, African-American, Mediterranean
What is sickle shaped anemia?
Sickle shaped RBC, and hemoglobin formation is abnormal.
Genes respond to different phenotypes and nutrients.
Benefits of newborn screening?
Can track levels of phenylalanine, which high levels can cause buildup in the serum.
Which chromosome is affected by cystic fibrosis?
What causes Down's Syndrome?
Extra chromosome 21 (Trisomy 21).
Diseases related to multifactorial inheritance?
-Neural tube defects.