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Flashcards in Human Body Deck (131):
1

Blood Type "Factor" (Positive or Negative)

RH Factor

2

Blood Type of Universal Donor

Type-O Negative

3

Blood Type of Universal Recipient

Type-AB Positive

4

Watery Part of Blood

Plasma

5

Where blood is produced

Bone Marrow

6

Disc-shaped blood cell for clotting

Platelet

7

Leukocytes

White Blood Cells

8

Number of bones in the adult human body

206

9

Number of Vertebrae in the spine

33

10

Three bones of the inner ear

Hammer, Anvil, Stirrup

11

Body's Smallest Bone

Stirrup (Stapes)

12

Wrist bones

Carpals

13

Shoulder Blade

Scapula

14

Upper Jaw Bone

Maxilla

15

Lower jaw Bone

Mandible

16

Collar Bone

Clavicle

17

Bone Ribs are attached to

Sternum (Breastbone)

18

Upper Arm Bone

Humerus

19

Lower Arm Bones

Radius and Ulna

20

Body's Longest Bone

Femur (upper leg bone)

21

Shin Bone

Tibia

22

Smaller bone that runs next to tibia

Fibula

23

Shoulder Bone and Collar Bone

Pectoral Girdle

24

Between the Talus and Tibia

Ankle

25

Tailbone

Coccyx

26

Hallux

Big Toe

27

Minimus

Little Toe

28

Tissue that connects Bones

Ligaments

29

Central Knee Ligament

ACL

30

Fibrous Structure At the end of most muscles

Tendon

31

Largest Tendon in the Body

Achilles Tendon

32

Tissue Separating Bones in Joints

Cartilage

33

Science of Skeletal Muscles

Orthopedics

34

Body's Longest Muscle

Sartorious

35

Shoulder Muscles

Deltoids

36

Front Upper Arm Muscle

Biceps

37

Back Upper Arm Muscle

Triceps

38

Front Thigh Muscle

Quadriceps

39

Inhalation Muscle

Diaphragm

40

Rectus Femoris Muscle

Thigh

41

Group of Nerves

Plexus

42

Body's Longest Nerve

Sciatic

43

Sense of Smell Nerve

Olfactory Nerve

44

Nerves at Back of Abdomen

Solar Plexus

45

Number of Chambers in the Heart

Four

46

Heart's Upper Chambers

Left and Right Atria

47

Heart's Lower Chambers

Left and Right Ventricles

48

Sac Surrounding Heart

Sericardium

49

Middle Layer of Heart Walls

Myocardium

50

Erythrocytes

Red Blood Cells

51

Blood Protein

Globulin

52

What Makes Blood Clot

Fibrin

53

Body's largest Artery

Aorta

54

Largest Artery in Leg

Femoral Artery

55

Largest Artery in Neck

Carotid

56

Artery supporting the heart muscle

Pulmonary

57

Brachial Artery Here

Arm

58

Body's Largest Vein

Jugular Vein

59

These Join Arteries and Veins

Capillaries

60

Insulin Produced here, regulating sugar balance

Pancreas

61

Renal Cortex Organ

Kidney

62

Gland "On the Kidney"

Adrenal

63

Master Gland (at base of brain)

Pituitary

64

Gland that regulates metabolism

THyroid

65

Gland that aids in development of the immune system

Thymus

66

Female Sex Hormone

Estrogen

67

Male sex Hormone

Testosterone

68

Tear Glands

Lacrimal

69

Where vocal Chords are located

Larynx

70

Tube traveling from Larynx to Lungs (AKA Windpipe)

Trachea

71

Tubes that connect Treacea to Lungs

Bronchi

72

Protrusions that transfer Oxygen to Lungs

Alveoli

73

Hard outside layer of teeth

Enamel

74

Sticky buildup on the teeth

Plack

75

Soft Center of Teeth

Pulp

76

Calcified tissue surrounding the pulp

Dentin

77

Normal number of adult teeth

32

78

Premolar

Bicupsid

79

Gingiva

Gums

80

Gulstatory receptors

Taste buds

81

Flesh that hangs from soft Palate

Uvula

82

Five tastes that the tongue is capable of

Sweet, Salty, Sour, Bitter, and Savory

83

Tube Traveling to STomach

Esophagus

84

Tube from Nose to esophagus

Pharynx

85

Stomach Acid

Hydrochloric

86

Blood purifying organ below the stomach

Spleen

87

Largest organ in body

Skin

88

Skin's Outer layer

Epidermis

89

Hair and nails structural protein

Keratin

90

Skin pigmentation provider

Melanin

91

Digestive canal

Alimentary

92

Where bils is made, largest internal organ

Liver

93

Where bile is stored

Gallbladder

94

Colored Part of the Eye

Iris

95

Movable part of the eye controlled by iris

Pupil

96

Blood vessel in the eye

Retina

97

Transparent layer of the outer eye

Cornea

98

Eye jelly-type liquid

Vitreous Humor

99

Two types of light receptors in the eye

Rods and Cones

100

Nerve connecting eye to brain

Optic Nerve

101

Tubes connecting ovaries to womb

Fallopian tube

102

The organ removes glucose from the blood

Liver

103

Three parts of the brain

Cerebrum, Cerebellum, Medulla Oblongata

104

Outer membrane of the brane

Dura mater

105

Speech lobe

Frontal Lobe

106

Artistic Aptitudes

right hemisphere (in pop psyche)

107

Brain's Nerve Cells

Neurons

108

Fiber that transmit nerve impulses to neurons

Axons

109

Brain chemicals that move nerve impulses

Neurotransmitters

110

Neurotransmitters jump these spaces between cells

Synapses

111

Sensory and motor covering layer of the brain

Cerebral cortex

112

Largest Joint in the body

Knee

113

Tube traveling from throat to inner ear

Eustachian Tube

114

Tympanum Membrane

Ear Drum

115

Spiral Passages of the Ear

Cochlea

116

Loop-Shaped ear canals that help control balance

Semicircular Canals

117

Hair Pocket

Follicle

118

Hair Follicle Gland

Sebaceous Gland

119

Fertizilized Egg

Zygote

120

These Unite to form Zygote

Gametes

121

Fluid in WOmb

Amniotic Fluid

122

This Controls the Body's Temp

Hypothalamus

123

Cell Division

Mitosis

124

Cell Division which cuts Chromosomes in Half

Meiosis

125

Free-moving cell

Corpuscle

126

Helical Structure Material

DNA

127

Outer Layer of Skin

Epidermis

128

Proteins that combat Foreign Proteins

Antibodies

129

Thread-Like Bodies in Cell Nuclei

Chromosomes

130

Normal Number of Human Chromosomes

46 (23 pairs)

131

Soft spot on baby's Head

Fontanel