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Flashcards in Human Body Deck (130):
1

Sac surrounding heart

Pericardium

2

Male sex hormone

Testosterone

3

What leukocytes carry

White blood cells

4

Disc-shaped blood cell

Platelet

5

Where blood is produced

Bone marrow

6

Watery part of blood

Plasma

7

Blood protein

Globulin

8

Blood type "factor" (measured in positive and negative)

Rh factor

9

What makes blood clot

Fibrin

10

Hearts lower chambers

Left and right ventricles

11

Heart's upper chambers

Left and right atrium

12

Number of chambers in heart

Four

13

Nerves at back of abdomen

Solar plexus

14

Sense of smell nerve

Olfactory nerve

15

Body's longest nerve

Sciatic

16

Blood type of "universal donor"

Type O negative

17

These join to form veins

Venules

18

Numer of bones in the adult human body

206

19

Gland that aids in development of the immune system

Thymus

20

Gland that regulates metabolism

Thyroid

21

Master gland (at the base of brain)

Pituitary

22

Gland "on the kidney"

Adrenal

23

What erythrocytes carry

Red blood cells

24

Where insulin is produced

Pancreas

25

Inhalation muscle

Diaphragm

26

Large vein in neck

Jugular vein

27

Body's largest vein

Vena cava (major)

28

Artery supplying the heart muscle

Pulmonary artery

29

Large artery in neck

Carotid artery

30

Largest artery in leg

Femoral artery

31

Body's largest artery

Aorta

32

Renal cortex gland

Kidney

33

Lower jaw bone

Mandible

34

Shin bone

Tibia

35

Body's longest bone

Femur (upper leg)

36

Lower arm bones

Radius and ulna

37

Upper arm bone

Humerus

38

Bone ribs are attached to

Sternum (breastbone)

39

Group of nerves

Plexus

40

Collar bone

Clavicle

41

Between the talus and the tibia

Ankle

42

Upper jaw bone

Maxilla

43

Shoulder bone

Scapula

44

Wrist bones

Carpels

45

Body's smallest bone

Hammer (stapes)

46

Three bones of inner ear

Hammer - anvil - stirrup

47

Number of vertebrae in the spine

33

48

Shoulder blade

Scapula

49

Fiberous structure at the end of most muscles

Tendon

50

Tear glands

Lacrimal

51

Front thigh muscle

Quadriceps

52

Back upper arm muscle

Triceps

53

Front upper arm muscle

Biceps

54

Shoulder muscles

Deltoids

55

Science of skeletal muscles

Orthopedics

56

Smaller bone that runs next to the tibia

Fibula

57

Largest tendon in the body

Achilles tendon

58

Shoulder bone and collar bone

Pectoral girdle

59

Central knee ligament

ACL

60

Tissue that connects bones

Ligaments

61

Minnimus

Little toe

62

Hallux

Big toe

63

Tail bone

Coccyx

64

Rectus femoris muscle

Thigh

65

Material that attaches tendons to bones

Cartilage

66

Brain chemicals that move nerve impulses

Neurotransmitters

67

Female sex hormone

Estrogen

68

Tympanic membrane

Ear drum

69

Tube traveling from the throat to inner ear

Eustachian tube

70

Largest joint in the body

Knee

71

Joints connecting skull plates

Suture joints

72

Loop-shaped ear canals that help control balance

Semicircular canals

73

Neurotransmitters "jump" these spaces between cells

Synapses

74

Hair pocket

Follicle

75

Fiber that transmit nerve impulses to neurons

axons

76

Brain's nerve cells

Neurons

77

Hemisphere of brain containing musical - artistic aptitudes

Right hemisphere

78

Outer membrane of the brain

Dura mater

79

Three parts of the brain

Cerebrum - cerebellum - medulla oblongata (brain stem)

80

Where islets of langerhans are located

Pancreas

81

Sensory - motor - and associative covering layer of the brain

Cerebral cortex

82

Rise in basal body temperature indicates this

Ovulation

83

Normal number of human chromosomes

46 (23 pairs)

84

Thread-like bodies in cell nuclei

Chromosomes

85

Proteins that combat foreign proteins

Antibodies

86

Helical structure material

DNA

87

Free-moving cell

Corpuscle

88

Spiral passages of the ear

Cochlea

89

Cell division

Mitosis

90

Where Graafian follicles are located

Ovaries

91

This controls the body's temperature

Hypothalamus

92

Fluid in womb

Amniotic fluid

93

These unite to form zygote

Gametes

94

Fertilized egg

Zygote

95

Fibrous protein that makes up hair and nails

keratin

96

Hair follicle gland

Subacial gland

97

Cell division which cuts chromosomes in half

Meiosis

98

Calcified tissue surrounding the pulp (in teeth)

Dentin

99

Tube from nose to esophagus

Pharynx

100

Tube travelling to stomach

Esophagus

101

Four tastes the tongue is capable of

Sweet - salty - sour and bitter

102

Flesh that hangs from soft palate

Uvula

103

Gustatory organs

Taste buds

104

This organ removes glucose from the blood

Liver

105

Normal number of adult teeth

32

106

Largest organ in the body

Skin

107

Soft center part of teeth

Pulp

108

Hard outside layer of teeth

Enamel

109

Protrusions that transfer oxygen in lungs

Alveoli

110

Tubes that connect trachea to lungs

Bronchi

111

Tube travelling from mouth to lungs

Trachea

112

Where vocal chords are located

Larynx

113

Gingiva

Gums

114

Where bile is stored

Gallbladder

115

The soft spot on a baby's head

Fontanel

116

Nerve connecting eye to brain

Optic nerve

117

Two types of light receptors in the eye

Rods and cones

118

Eye "jelly"

Vitreous humor

119

Transparent layer of the outer eye

Cornea

120

Blood vessel in the eye

Retina

121

Stomach acid

Hydrochloric

122

Colored part of the eye

Iris

123

Blood purifying organ below the stomach

Spleen

124

Where bile is made - largest internal organ

Liver

125

Digestive canal

Alimentary

126

Skin pigmentation provider

Melanin

127

Skin protein

Keratin

128

Skin's outer layer

Epidermis

129

Tubes connecting ovaries to womb

Fallopian tubes

130

Movable part of the eye controlled by the Iris

Pupil