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Flashcards in Science Deck (157):
1

Mutually beneficial relationship between two animals

symbiosis

2

Atmospheric layer 7 to 30 miles up

Stratosphere

3

Term for wind speed above 72 miles per hour

Hurricane

4

Wind velocity scale

Beaufort scale

5

Hygrometer measures this

(Relative) humidity

6

The period between ice ages

Interglacial

7

Fossilized resin from prehistoric pines

Amber

8

Amoeba-like single cell organisms

Protozoans

9

The four forces of nature

Electromagnetic - Gravity - Strong and weak nuclear

10

What oviparous animals do

Lay eggs

11

Clouds composed of ice crystals

Cirrus

12

Poikilothermic animal

cold blooded

13

Broadest measure of living things

Kingdom

14

Citric acid "cycle"

Krebs cycle

15

It turns red in acid and blue in alkaline

Litmus paper

16

Acidic level "factor"

ph factor

17

Acid made from oak bark

Tannic acid

18

The science of heredity

Genetics

19

Organisms that combine algae and fungi

Lichens

20

Wavelength just longer than visible light

Infrared

21

Hydrogen isotope with atomic weight of three

Tritium

22

Hydrogen isotope with atomic weight of two

Deuterium

23

Lowest ignition point of a vapor

Flash point

24

Scientific name for southern lights

Aurora Australis

25

Scientific name for northern lights

Aurora Borealis

26

The solar wind colliding with Earth's magnetc field creates this effect

Northern and Southern lights

27

Geologic epoch when man developed

Pleistocene

28

Clouds formed by convection

Cumulus

29

Wavelength just shorter than visible light

Ultraviolet

30

Rainy thunder-head type clouds

Cumulo-nimbus

31

Term for a mineral that glows under an ultra-violet light

Fluorescence

32

3-D imaging process

Holography

33

The first plastic developed

Celluloid

34

Term for water circling around a drain

Corolis effect

35

Lakes at high altitude

Seamount

36

Fast tropospheric winds

Jet stream

37

Low-lying clouds

Stratus

38

Equal and opposite force of centripetal

Centrfugal force

39

Term for the "skin" that develops on a surface of water

Surface tension

40

The study of rocks

Petrology

41

Neutral particle in an atom's nucleus

Neutron

42

Positively charged particle in the nucleus

Proton

43

Center of an atom

Nucleus

44

Negatively charged atomic particle

Electron

45

Atoms of an element with same # of protons - different # of neutrons

Isotope

46

Ionic or covalent bonds join these

Atoms

47

The study of past artifacts

Archaeology

48

Theory that seeks to unite the four forces of nature

Unified field Theory

49

The study of man

Anthropology

50

An electron is this type of particle

Lepton

51

Ancient science of transmuting metals

Alchemy

52

The science of crime prevention and punishment

Penology

53

The science of projectiles

Ballistics

54

The science of agriculture

Agronomy

55

The science of heat and energy transfer

Thermodynamics

56

The science of light

Optics

57

The science of sound

Acoustics

58

The study of fossils

Paleontology

59

Bitter almond smelling gas

(Hydrogen) cyanide

60

Force applied to a body to maintain a circular orbit

Centripetal force

61

Solid carbon dioxide

Dry ice

62

tri-atomic oxygen

Ozone

63

NACL

Salt

64

HCL - found in the human stomach

Hydrochloric acid

65

H2SO4

Sulfuric acid

66

CO2

Carbond dioxide

67

General term for ultimate subatomic particles

Quarks

68

NH3

Ammonia

69

Particle or packet of light

Photon

70

Scientific name for laughing gas

Nitrous Oxide

71

Least amount of material needed for a nuclear reaction

Critical mass

72

Term it takes for radioactivity to decrease by 50%

Half life

73

The four states of matter

Solid - Liquid - Gas - Plasma

74

The act of joining atoms together

Fusion

75

The act of splitting atoms

Fission

76

Quark that holds the nucleus of an atom together

Gluon

77

Copper and tin alloy

Bronze

78

CO

Carbon Monoxide

79

Element used in car batteries

lead (Pb)

80

Element with the symbol Cm

Curium (named for Marie and Pierre Curie)

81

Element with the symbol Cl

Chlorine

82

Element with the symbol B

Bismuth

83

Element with the symbol As

Arsenic

84

Element with the symbol Ar

Argon

85

Element with the symbol Am

Americium

86

Last element in alphabetical order

Zirconium (Zr)

87

Materials made from two or more metals

Alloys

88

Elements used in rechargeable batteries

Nickel (Ni) - Cadmium (Cd)

89

Element with the symbol Fe

Iron

90

Element used to galvanize steel

Zinc (Zn)

91

Element used in fluorescent lights

Neon (Ne)

92

Element found in bones

Calcium (Ca)

93

Graphite element

Carbon

94

Most malleable and ductile metal

Gold (Au)

95

Nevada state metal - best electric conductor

Silver (Ag)

96

Element found in seaweed

Iodine (I)

97

"Color" Element

Chromium (Cr)

98

Element with the symbol No

Nobelium (named for Alfred Nobel)

99

Element with the symbol Se

Selenium

100

Element with the symbol Sb

Antimony

101

Element with the symbol S

Sulfur

102

Element with the symbol Rn

Radon

103

Element with the symbol Ra

Radium

104

Element with the symbol Pu

Plutonium

105

Element with the symbol Pt

Platinum

106

Element with the symbol Es

Einsteinium

107

Element with the symbol P

Phosphorus

108

Element with the symbol F

Fluorine

109

Element with the symbol Na

Sodium

110

Element with the symbol Mn

Manganese

111

Element with the symbol Ho

Holmium (named for Stockholm)

112

Element with the symbol Ge

Germanium (used in transistors)

113

Element with the symbol Ga

Gallium

114

Element with the symbol Fr

Francium

115

Element with the symbol Fm

Fermium (named for Enrico Fermi)

116

Light metal used in fighter aircraft

Titanium (Ti)

117

Element with the symbol Po

Polonium (named for Poland)

118

Father of soviet hydrogen bomb

Andrei Sakharov

119

Grey filament metal with highest melting temperature

Tungsten (W)

120

Scientist who discovered electromagnetic waves

Heinrich Hertz

121

Russian who developed theory of conditioned reflex

Ivan Pavlov

122

Monk who descoverd the principles of genetics

Gregor Mendel

123

Astronomer who proposed heliocentric solar system

Copernicus

124

Second English Astronomer Royal

Sir Edmund Halley

125

Astronomer with metal nose

Tycho Brahe

126

Scientist who established the periodic table of elements

Dimitri Mendeleyev

127

Father of rocketry

Robert Goddard

128

English scientist who discovered the properties of Hydrogen

Henry Cavendish

129

French father of modern chemistry

Antoin Lavoissier

130

English father of modern chemistry

Robert Boyle

131

Father of nuclear navy or nuclear submarine

Hyram Rickover

132

Father of the hydrogen bomb

Edward Teller

133

Father of the atom bomb

Robert Oppenheimer

134

Silver and tin alloy

Pewter

135

Copper and silver alloy

Sterling silver

136

Element with the symbol Xe

Xenon

137

Saturn V rocket developer

Werner von Braun

138

Heaviest non man-made element

Uranium (U)

139

Copper and zinc alloy

Brass

140

Blue metal

Cobalt (Co)

141

Earth's most abundant metal

Aluminum (Al)

142

Lightest common metal

Magnesium (Mg)

143

Second-lightest metal

Potassium (K)

144

Lightest metal

Lithium (Li)

145

Atmosphere's most abundant element

Nitrogen (N)

146

Scientist who discovered the structure of he atom

Neils Bohr

147

Earth's most abundant element

Oxygen (O)

148

Metal which is liquid at room temperature

Mercury (Hg)

149

Second-lightest element

Helium (He)

150

Lightest element

Hydroge (H)

151

Scientist who proposed the theory of the expanding universe

Edwin Hubble

152

Scientist who first learned of fermentation

Louis Pasteur

153

German scientist who established quantum theory of radiation

Max Plank

154

French scientist of optics and geometry

Rene Descartes

155

Italian physicist who discovered radioactive elements

Enrico Fermi

156

English scientist who discovered sodium and potassium

Sir Humphry Davy

157

Earth's second most abundant element

Silicon (Si)