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Human Biology Unit 4 > Human Evolution > Flashcards

Flashcards in Human Evolution Deck (30):
1

Australopithecines afarensis (brain capacity)

400 cc

2

Australopithecines (tools)

Used found oldwan tools

3

Australopithecines (culture)

No evidence

4

Australopithecines Africanus (brain capacity)

450 cc

5

Paranthropus robustus (brain capacity)

500 cc

6

Paranthropus bosei (brain capacity)

530 cc

7

Homo habilis (time period)

2.5-1.5 mya

8

Homo habilis (brain capacity)

650-700 cc
Bulge in broca's area (start of speech production)

9

Homo habilis (shelter)

nomadic with home bases

10

Homo habilis (diet)

scavenger/hunter gatherer of plants, small dead animals and actively hunted fish

11

Homo habilis (tools)

oldwan tools
Crudely fashioned (pebble tools)

12

Homo habilis (culture)

tools made from materials some distance away from home bases suggested that they planned the manufacturing of tools in advance - development of frontal lobe

13

Homo erectus (time period)

1.5 mya - 250 000 ya

14

Homo erectus (brain capacity)

850 - 1200 cc

15

Homo erectus (shelter)

huts made of reeds and sticks

16

Homo erectus (diet)

omnivores

17

Homo erectus (tools)

Acheulian tools
More advanced toolmaking; planned shape

18

Homo erectus (culture)

First use of fire, systematic hunters of large game
scalping ritual supports idea of ritualism

19

Homo neanderthalensis (time period)

200000-35000 ya

20

Homo neanderthalensis (brain capacity)

1600 cc
Occipital bun

21

Homo neanderthalensis (shelter)

huts made of reeds and sticks

22

Homo neanderthalensis (diet)

omnivores

23

Homo neanderthalensis (tools)

mousterian tools
Fine points, sharp knives, scrapers, spearheads

24

Homo neanderthalensis (culture)

hunters - worked cooperatively; require good communication skills
Abstract thought
Started to bury dead - beginning of religious ritual

25

Cromagnum man (time period)

40000-15000 ya

26

Cromagnum man (brain capacity)

1400 cc

27

Cromagnum man (shelter)

huts made of reeds and sticks

28

Cromagnum man (diet)

omnivores

29

Cromagnum man (tools)

upper paeleolithic
drills, throwing sticks, needle, hammer stones and blades
made of ivory, bone and antler

30

Cromagnum man (culture)

Murals and portable art, sculpture, cave paintings, bone carvings, clay statues
Projectile weapons, clothing was sewn, better shelter
Began farming - control of environment