Human Physiology review for different functions of parts of the brain Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Human Physiology review for different functions of parts of the brain Deck (54):
1

Oldest region of the brain.

Brain stem

2

Continuous with spinal cord.

Brain stem

3

First brain structure to evolve.

Brain stem

4

Responsible for vegetative functions such as cardiovascular, respiratory and digestive functions.

Brain stem

5

Majority of cranial nerves arise here.

Brain stem

6

Regulates postural reflexes.

Brain stem.

7

Responsible for cortical awareness.

Brain stem.

8

Plays a role in the sleep-wake cycle

Brain stem

9

Most highly developed in humans.

Cerebrum

10

Handles higher functions such as thinking, learning, memory, language, motor function.

Cerebrum

11

Most complex integrating centre in brain.

Cerebrum

12

Outer layer of the cerebrum.

Cerebral cortex.

13

Located in the back of the brain and houses the visual cortex.

Occipital lobe.

14

Houses the auditory cortex.

Temporal lobe.

15

Houses the somatosensory cortex.

Parietal lobe.

16

Handles somaesthetic sensations.

Parietal lobe

17

Proprioceptive input is directed here.

Parietal lobe.

18

Located behind the central sulcus.

Somatosensory cortex

19

Voluntary motor activity

Frontal lobe

20

Elaboration of thought.

Frontal lobe.

21

Houses the primary motor cortex.

Frontal lobe

22

Left hemisphere at the junction of the parietal, temporal and occipital lobes.

Wernicke's

23

Concerned with language comprehension.

Wernicke's

24

Left frontal lobe, close association with motor cortex.

Broca's

25

Concerned with speaking ability.

Broca's

26

Ring of structures that surround the brain stem and are interconnected by a neuron pathway.

Limbic system

27

Includes lobes of the cerebral cortex, basal ganglia, thalamus, hypothalamus and hippocampus.

Limbic system.

28

Which NTs does the limbic system use?

Norepinephrine, Serotonin and dopamine.

29

Fast track of basic behavioural pattern.

Amygdala

30

Slow track of basic behavioural pattern (refined and rational thinking)

Pre-frontal cortex

31

Storage of declarative memories

Hippocampus

32

Storage of procedural memories

Cerebrocerebellum

33

LTP prevalent in this area

hippocampus

34

Balance and eye movement

vestibulocerebellum

35

enhances muscle tone

spinocerebellum

36

coordinates skilled movements

spinocerebellum

37

planning and initiating voluntary activities

cerebrocerebellum

38

Sensory relay station

Thalamus

39

Direct attention to stimuli of interest

Thalamus

40

Capable of crude awareness of sensation

Thalamus

41

Reinforce voluntary motor activity

Thalamus

42

Body temperature and food intake

Hypothalamus

43

Thirst and urine output

Hypothalamus

44

Anterior pituitary hormone secretion

Hypothalamus

45

Posterior pituitary hormones

Hypothalamus

46

Grey matter within white matter core in brain.

Basal ganglia

47

Inhibits muscle tone

Basal ganglia

48

selecting and maintaining purposeful motor activity

Basal ganglia

49

Suppressing unwanted pattern of movement

Basal ganglia

50

Coordinates slow, sustained contractions

Basal ganglia

51

Cell bodies of interneurons on which afferent nerves terminate

dorsal horn

52

Cell bodies of autonomic efferent nerve fibres

Lateral horn

53

Cell bodies of somatic efferent neurons

Ventral horn

54

Spinal nerves contain?

dorsal and ventral horns.