Human - Urban Issues and Challenges Flashcards Preview

Geog Facts > Human - Urban Issues and Challenges > Flashcards

Flashcards in Human - Urban Issues and Challenges Deck (69)
Loading flashcards...
1

What population of the world lived in cities in 2007?

50%

2

What is the predicted growth of number of mega cities by 2030?

28 to 41

3

Population of Tokyo (mega city) in 2018?

37.5 million

4

Growth of Tokyo between 2000 and 2018?

8.8%

5

Population of Lagos?

15 million (biggest city in Nigeria)

6

Until when was Lagos the capital of Nigeria?

1991

7

Population growth in Lagos?

2010 to 2016
3.5 million

8

Urbanisation in Lagos?

In 1950 was 11%, now 49% in urban areas

9

Reasons for population growth in Lagos?

NATURAL INCREASE - 5.65 births per woman
MIGRATION - over 275,000 per year

10

Percentage of children in Lagos attending primary school compared to in rural Nigeria?

90% VS 60% in rural

11

Number of schools in Lagos?

11,000 primary
3,000 secondary

12

Life expectancy improvements in Lagos?

1960 - 37
2015 - 53

13

Percentage of Lagos with piped water supply?

10%

14

GDP of Lagos?

$90 billion

15

Percentage of Nigeria’s money generated by Lagos?

16% (10% of population)

16

Percentage of Western African flights from Lagos?

80%

17

Percentage of people in Lagos connected to sewers?

1%

18

Number of hospitals in Lagos?

12 (for 15 million)

19

Percentage of people in Makoko slum?

60%

20

Unemployment in Lagos?

25%

21

Traffic congestion in Lagos?

40% Nigeria’s cars (1% landmass)

22

Percentage waste collected in Lagos?

40%

23

When was Makoko Floating School running?

2014 to 2016

24

How many students attended the Makoko Floating School?

100

25

Population of Birmingham?

1.3 million

26

Population of London?

9 million

27

3 architectural features of Birmingham (£)

1) Library (£60 million)
2) Rotunda (£1 million)
3) HSBC (£200 million)

28

Number of passengers on direct rail into and out of Birmingham in 2014?

34 million

29

Number of law firms in Birmingham?

200

30

Rate of tourism growth in Birmingham?

Rises 9.4% per year (fastest growing in UK)

31

Money earns from tourism per year in Birmingham?

£37 million

32

Number of foreign companies in Birmingham?

Over 300

33

Number of passengers into and out of Birmingham airport in 2014?

9 million

34

Prediction to spend on Birmingham infrastructure over next decade?

£13 billion

35

Migrants to Birmingham between 2013 and 2014?

UK - 41,000
INTERNATIONAL - 12,000

36

Fraction of Birmingham that is non-white British?

1/3

37

White British area?

Suburbs
100% in Sutton Coldfield

38

Area of less white British?

Central
0% in Ladywood

39

When were the Birmingham race riots?

2005

40

4 recreation and entertainment locations in Birmingham?

1) Library
2) Symphony Hall
3) Brindley Place
4) Bullring Shopping Centre

41

How many students get books from the library in Birmingham?

50,000 (from 5 unis)

42

How many people see acts at Symphony Hall in Birmingham per year?

Over 450,000

43

Number of shops in Bullring Birmingham?

Over 160

44

Average number of visitors to Bullring Birmingham per week?

750,000

45

When did West Midlands Metro start?

1999

46

Numbers of journeys on Midland Metro between 2011 and 2012?

5 million

47

Stations in Birmingham?

1) New Street - 13 platforms
2) Moore Street - 4 platforms
3) Snow Hill - 3 platforms

48

When was Eastside City Park built in Birmingham (on Brownfield site)?

2013

49

Where is Curitiba?

City in South-East Brazil (South America)

50

Population of Curitiba?

2 million

51

3 sustainable parts of Curitiba’s transport?

1) 5 main road axis (not loads of small windy roads)
2) BRT (bus rapid transit)
3) Cylindrical bus stops (pay there to reduce pollution of engine running)

52

Bus Rapid Transit in Curitiba?

- Bi-articulated buses
- Carry 4000/ day
- Paid by km to encourage remote routes
- Pay 1 fare
- Made by Volvo (local)

53

When did Curitiba start waste management?

1980s (early)

54

How much of Curitiba’s waste is recycled?

2/3

55

How many people are helped by Curitiba’s ‘Green Exchange’?

30,000
(300 tonnes rubbish collected/ month)

56

How much did Birmingham’s green belt shrink last year?

10%

57

At what rate is Birmingham’s population growing compared to houses?

Population growing 5 times faster than houses

58

Name a commuter settlement to Birmingham?

Barnt Green

59

Where is Barnt Green?

- Worcestershire, Bromsgrove District
- 10 miles South of Bham city centre
- NE of Bromsgrove
- NW of Redditch

60

Population of Barnt Green?

Less than 2000

61

Average house price in Barnt Green?

£400,000 to £750,000

62

What makes Barnt Green a good commuter settlement?

- 10 miles from Bham
- 57% detached houses (spacious)
- By Lickey Hills wood (recreation)
- <2000 population (quiet)

63

Why did Birmingham want to do regeneration?

- £2.1 billion added to economy per yr
- 50,000 new jobs
- Expansion of CBD by 25%

64

What part of Bham regeneration are we focusing on?

New Street station development into Grand Central

65

How much did Grand Central cost?

£600 million

66

Why did New Street need redeveloped?

- Voted ugliest station in UK in 2003
- Small capacity of 60,000 per day
- Busiest station outside London - important (train leaving every 37 secs)
- Poor disabled access
- Dereliction in Palisades shopping centre

67

What did Grand Central redevelopment involve?

- Expansion into old car park to increase capacity to 300,000 per day
- Palisades shopping centre replaced with new high end shops and restaurants
- 36 new escalators and 15 new lifts (disabled)
- More light as concrete replaced with ETFE plastic and glass

68

Sustainable factors in Grand Central?

- Low energy, efficient LED lights
- 60% toilets flushed with harvested rainwater
- Natural light and ventilation where possible
- Water and heating meters to monitor energy consumption
- Capacity bigger for future population growth

69

Negatives of Grand Central redevelopment?

- Expensive (£600 m)
- Lost jobs in Palisades