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Flashcards in Hungary & Eastern Europe Deck (57):
1

3 main regions of Hungary

Eszak Magyarorszag (North Hungary)
Duna (Danube/Great Plain)
Dunatu (Transdanubia)

2

What is the soil of Tokaj?

Predominately volcanic loess and clay

3

Name the 2 great first growths of Tokaj?

Szarvas
Mezes Maly

4

Allowable grapes of Tokaj

Furmit
Harslevelu
Sargamuskotaly (Muscat Blanc a Petits Grains)
Zeta (Oremus)
Kabar
Koverzolo

5

How much weight to puttonyos hold?

Around 25kg

6

What is a gonc?

An Hungarian oak cask about 136l

7

What are the ageing requirements for Tokaji Aszu?

Min. 3 years, 18 months in barrel

8

2013 vintage forward, what is the classification and residual sugar levels in Aszu wines?

Eszencia - min. 450g/l
Aszu - min. 120g/l

9

What is Tokaji Szamorodni?

Produced from a mixture of aszu and non-aszu grapes, often oxidative in style. Aged minimum 2 years in cask. Sometimes under flor

10

How are Forditas and Maslas wines produced?

Refermenting wine with the pressed paste or spent lees of Tokaji Aszu

11

What is the Circle of Mad?

A small contingent of producers committed to elevating the stature of dry wines from Tokaj

12

Name the 2 rivers of Tokaj

Tisza
Bodrog

13

Which mountains protect Tokaj?

Carpathian Mountains

14

What is Egri Bikaver?

Bull's Blood of Eger, Historically produced with Kadarka. Modern production is a blend of atleast 3 varieties, Kekfrankos (Blaufrankisch), other Hungarian and international varieties

15

What 2 regions can use the term "Bikaver" on the label?

Eger
Szekszard

16

What is Hungary's largest region?

Kunsag, located in the Great Plain

17

5 main regions of Bulgaria

Struma River Valley
Valley of the Rose
Thracian Lowlands
Danubian Plain
Cherno More (Black Sea) Region

18

What 2 Bulgarian Geographical Indications does the EU recognise?

Danubian Plain
Thracian Lowlands

19

Where is Suhidol?

Danubian Plains, Bulgaria

20

Where is Svichtov?

Danubian Plains, Bulgaria

21

Where is Sungurlare?

Valley of the Rose, Bulgaria

22

Where is Harsovo?

Struma River Valley, Bulgaria

23

Where is Khan Krum?

Black Sea Region, Bulgaria

24

Where is Melnik grown?

Struma River Valley

25

5 main Bulgarian red grapes

Cabernet Sauvignon
Merlt
Gamza (Kadarka)
Mavrud
Melnik

26

Gamza is a synonym for which grape?

Kardarka in Bulgaria

27

Rubin is a crossing of which 2 grapes?

Nebbiolo X Syrah

28

What does "barik" mean?

Fermentation occurred in barrels 500l or less

29

What do Reserve & Special Selection mean for DGO wines?

Reserve - 1 year ageing
Special Selection - 2 years ageing

30

3 main white grapes in Bulgaria

Red Misket (Misket Cherven), specialty of Sungurlane
Rkatsiteli
Dimiat

31

What are the Romanian wine categories?

VM - table wine/Vin de Masa
VMS - superior table wine/Vin de Masa Superior

Quality Wines
VS - PGI wines
DOC - PDO designation

32

What are the 3 subcategories of Romanian DOC wines?

DOC-CMD - grapes harvested at full maturity
DOC-CT - late-harvested grapes
DOC-CIB - botrytis affected grapes

33

Which mountains dominate the centre of Romania?

Carpathian Mountains

34

What river divides Serbia and Romania?

Danube River

35

What is the most important DOC in Trasylvania?

Tarnave - producing high acid whites

36

What is the famous wine of Moldavia?

Cotnari DOC - produced with the Grasa de Cotnari Grape

37

In which country is Cotnari?

Romania

38

Where is Dealu Mare DOC?

Muntenia- Ottenia (Romania) - gaining a reputation for reds from Cabernet Sauvignon & Pinot Noir

39

Where is Murfatlar DOC?

Dobrogea (Romania) - showing promise with Cabernet Sauvignon & Pinot Noir, along with traditional late-harvest Chardonnay

40

Name the 7 regions of Romania

Moldavia
Muntenia-Oltenia
Banat
Crisana-Maramures
Dobrogea
Danube Terrraces
Transylvania

41

Name Slovenia's 3 regions?

Primorska - borders Friuli
Podravje - northeast
Posavje - eastern border with Croatia

42

Name the 4 subregions of Primorska

Goriska Brda
Kras
Koper
Vipana

43

Name Slovenia's largest region

Podravje

44

What is Croatia's most important grape?

Grasevina (Laski Rizling) - cultivated in more than half of the country's vineyards

45

What is the Croatian name for Zinfandel?

Crljenak Kastelanski

46

What region is Dignac located?

Dalmatia, Croatia

47

2 main Czech Republic regions

Morava - Moravia (96% of vines)
Cechy - Bohemia

48

Name the 5 VOC regions of Czech Republic

Blatnice
Mikulov
Modre Hory
Palava
Znojmo

49

6 main regions of Slovakia

Malokarpatská (the Small Carpathian Wine Region)
Južnoslovenská (South Slovak wine region)
Nitrianska (Nitra wine region)
Stredoslovenská (Central Slovak wine region)
Východoslovenská (Eastern Slovak wine region)
Tokajská (Tokaj wine region)

50

Where is Krasnodar?

Black Sea Region, Russia

51

What is Russia's most cultivated grape?

Rkatsiteli

52

Where is Dagestan?

Russia

53

Where is Stavropol?

Russia

54

Where is Rostov?

Russia

55

Name the 4 major regions of production in Ukraine

Crimea
Odessa
Nikolayev-Kherson
Transcarpathian region

56

5 production zones of Georgia

Kakheti
Kartli
Imereti
Racha-Lechkhumi
A subtropical zone

57

Where is the Ararat Valley?

Armenia