HW#10_NCMA (NCCT) Exam Prep #2 Flashcards Preview

MIDTERM TEST HW > HW#10_NCMA (NCCT) Exam Prep #2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in HW#10_NCMA (NCCT) Exam Prep #2 Deck (111):
1

Which of the following gauge needles should be used to perform a venipuncture?
16 G
18 G
21 G
25 G

21 G

2

Polyuria may be caused by:
The excessive intake of fluids
The consumption of caffeine
Diabetes mellitus
Taking a diuretic
All of the above

All of the above

3

When collecting a Pap smear, the ectocervical specimen is obtained using:
The S-shaped end of the cervical scraper
The spatula end of the cervical scraper
A moistened cotton-tipped applicator
A cytology brush

The S-shaped end of the cervical scraper

4

Tympanometry is most useful in diagnosing patients with:
Serous otitis media
Conductive hearing loss
Sensorineural hearing loss
Auditory nerve damage

Serous otitis media

5

The purpose of the past medical history is to obtain information from the patient on:
Conditions that may affect the health of the mother or fetus
Drug allergies
Her menstrual cycle
Previous pregnancies

Conditions that may affect the health of the mother or fetus

6

The lithotomy position is used to examine the:
Vagina
Abdomen
Sigmoid colon
Breasts

Vagina

7

An increase in neutrophils occurs during:
An acute infection
Polycythemia
Bone marrow damage
A chronic infection

An acute infection

8

In the female, the urethra functions in:
Transporting urine
Controlling urine excretion
Balancing fluids and electrolytes
Transporting reproductive secretions
All of the above

Transporting urine

9

If left untreated, a chlamydial infection in a woman can result in:
Infertility
Cervical cancer
Dysmenorrhea
Cervical erosion

Infertility

10

The range of frequencies for normal speech is:
80 to 120 db
512 to 1024 Hz
300 to 4000 Hz
6000 to 8000 Hz

300 to 4000 Hz

11

What is the term used to describe the point of lesser pressure on the arterial walls when assessing blood pressure?
Systolic pressure
Diastolic pressure
Diastole
Hypotension
Pulse pressure

Diastolic pressure

12

The normal respiratory rate of an adult ranges from:
8 to 16 respirations per minute
10 to 18 respirations per minute
12 to 20 respirations per minute
16 to 22 respirations per minute

12 to 20 respirations per minute

13

The structure located at the end of the external auditory canal that functions in receiving and transmitting sound waves is the:
External auditory meatus
Incus
Cochlea
Tympanic membrane

Tympanic membrane

14

What is the term used to describe a tentative diagnosis obtained through the evaluation of the health history and the physical examination?
Differential diagnosis
Final diagnosis
Clinical diagnosis
Physical diagnosis

Clinical diagnosis

15

Which of the following prevents ambient light from interfering with the SpO2 reading?
Cleansing the placement site with an alcohol wipe
Warming the probe placement site
Covering the probe with a washcloth
Proper alignment of the probe on the patient's finger

Covering the probe with a washcloth

16

Blood pressure is measured in:
Units
Degrees
Beats/min
Millimeters of mercury

Millimeters of mercury

17

When performing an eye irrigation, the solution should be released:
At the outer canthus
Toward the upper eyelid
Directly onto the cornea
At the inner canthus

At the inner canthus

18

How much time should the patient be given to identify the number on each Ishihara color plate?
3 seconds
10 seconds
1 minute
As long as is needed

3 seconds

19

If you suspect a vein selected for venipuncture might collapse, you should:
Use an 18 gauge needle to collect the specimen
Use the butterfly method to perform the venipuncture
Loosen the tourniquet
Insert the needle slowly into the vein

Use the butterfly method to perform the venipuncture

20

What is the purpose of the Needlestick Safety and Prevention Act?
To ensure that an injection is administered correctly
To ensure the proper disposal of sharps
To reduce the chance of infection developing at the injection site
To reduce needlestick injuries among health care workers

To reduce needlestick injuries among health care workers

21

An immature form of a neutrophil is known as a:
Plasma cell
Mast cell
Band
Seg

Band

22

What term describes a device that makes an exposure incident involving a contaminated sharp less likely to occur?
Postexposure prophylaxis
Decontamination
Personal protective equipment
Safer medical device

Safer medical device

23

The external auditory canal of an adult is straightened by:
Pulling outward on the ear auricle
Pulling the ear upward and backward
Asking the patient to look up
Pulling the ear downward and backward

Pulling the ear upward and backward

24

Which urinary structure or structures normally contain microorganisms?
Kidneys
Ureters
Urinary meatus
Urinary bladder

Urinary meatus

25

What is the term used to describe temporary cessation of breathing?
Hypoxia
Hypopnea
Apnea
Anoxia

Apnea

26

You are measuring the pulse and find it feels weak and rapid. How would you record this?
Bounding
Thready
Tachycardia
Bradycardia

Thready

27

You need to collect a venous blood specimen from a patient to run an FBS. Which of the following would be an inappropriate statement to make to the patient during this procedure?
“Which arm was used in the past to draw blood from you?”
“Please do not move during this procedure.”
“This procedure will not hurt.”
“When did you last eat or drink?”

“This procedure will not hurt.”

28

What is the term used to describe a physical or mechanical device used to remove health hazards from the workplace?
Engineering control
Work practice control
Personal protective equipment
Universal precaution

Engineering control

29

The purpose of the interval prenatal history is to:
Record weight, blood pressure, and urine testing results
Determine the presence of any concerns or problems
Determine the occurrence of any additional signs of pregnancy
Record the fetal heart tones and fundal height
All of the above

All of the above

30

The temporal artery site can be used to measure body temperature in:
Infants
Children
Adults
Elderly
All of the above

All of the above

31

The purpose of asking a patient if he or she needs to void before the physical examination includes all of the following EXCEPT:
To obtain a urine specimen
To make the examination easier
To prevent urinary incontinence
To provide for patient comfort

To prevent urinary incontinence

32

All of the following may cause a decrease in the SpO2 reading EXCEPT:
Pneumonia
Asthma
Emphysema
Gastritis

Gastritis

33

Which of the following tests is NOT included in a CBC?
Differential white blood cell count
Hemoglobin
Hematocrit
Prothrombin time
Red and white blood cell counts

Prothrombin time

34

How does a temporal artery temperature reading compare with an oral body temperature reading?
Approximately 1° higher than an oral reading
Approximately 1° lower than an oral reading
Approximately 2° higher than an oral reading
It is the same as an oral reading

Approximately 1° higher than an oral reading

35

What is the EDD of a patient whose LMP was September 5, 2007?
12/12/08
6/2/08
6/12/08
12/2/08

6/12/08

36

Where is the radial pulse located?
On the thumb side of the wrist
In the center of the antecubital space
On the little finger side of the wrist
On the anterior side of the neck

On the thumb side of the wrist

37

Mrs. Long is pregnant for the fourth time. The first pregnancy was carried to term but ended in the birth of a stillborn. Mrs. Long lost the second pregnancy at 3 months' gestation. The third pregnancy resulted in the birth of twin girls. How would you record this information in the patient's chart?
G 4, T 3, P 0, A 1, L 2
G 4, T 2, P 0, A 1, L 2
G 4, T 1, P 0, A 1, L 1
G 3, T 3, P 0, A 1, L 2

G 4, T 2, P 0, A 1, L 2

38

Which of the following is an example of percussion?
Measuring pulse
Testing reflexes with a rubber hammer
Testing hearing with a tuning fork
Listening to breath sounds

Testing reflexes with a rubber hammer

39

Using the right eye, the patient reads the line marked 20/30 with one error. How would you chart this?
AS 20/30 -1
OS 20/30 -1
OD 20/30 -1
AD 20/30 -1

OD 20/30 -1

40

Which of the following represents an ERROR in technique when obtaining a capillary blood specimen?
Warming the patient’s finger by massaging it
Allowing the antiseptic to dry before making the puncture
Making the puncture perpendicular to the lines of the fingerprint
Using the first drop of blood for the test

Using the first drop of blood for the test

41

Which of the following is a disadvantage of using the syringe method of venipuncture?
The amount of blood specimen that can be collected is limited by the size of the syringe
Use of this method may cause the vein to collapse
It is more difficult to stick the vein
This method is more uncomfortable for the patient
All of the above

The amount of blood specimen that can be collected is limited by the size of the syringe

42

One respiration consists of:
One inhalation
One exhalation
One inhalation and one exhalation
The opening and closing of the valves of the heart

One inhalation and one exhalation

43

After a urine culture has been inoculated, it must be:
Sprayed with a fixative
Placed in the refrigerator for 4 to 6 hours
Stored at room temperature for 8 to 12 hours
Incubated for 18 to 24 hours

Incubated for 18 to 24 hours

44

The purpose of the OSHA Bloodborne Pathogens Standard is to:
Improve the quality of laboratory testing in the United States
Protect public health and the environment outside of the workplace
Reduce the risk to employees of exposure to infectious diseases
Prevent exposure of employees to bloodborne pathogens

Reduce the risk to employees of exposure to infectious diseases

45

An adult patient's weight should be measured to the nearest:
Quarter pound
Half pound
Pound
Ounce

Quarter pound

46

What is the term for an illness characterized by symptoms that have a rapid onset, are severe and intense, and subside after a short period?
Chronic illness
Self-limiting illness
Acute illness
Fatal illness

Acute illness

47

What is the term for the presence of ketone bodies in the urine?
Acidosis
Alimentary glycosuria
Ketosis
Ketonuria

Ketonuria

48

The patient should be instructed not to douche before having a Pap smear taken because douching:
Changes the pH of the vagina
Results in a false-positive test result
Changes the appearance of the epithelial cells
Reduces the number of cells available for analysis

Reduces the number of cells available for analysis

49

Which of the following is usually found in the urine sediment of a patient with candidiasis?
Parasites
Yeast
Bacteria
Casts

Yeast

50

An optometrist performs all of the following EXCEPT:
Diagnoses and treats eye disorders
Prescribes corrective lenses
Measures visual acuity
Performs eye surgery

Performs eye surgery

51

Which of the following is an example of auscultation?
Measuring body temperature
Measuring blood pressure
Urine testing
Testing pupillary reaction

Measuring blood pressure

52

The plasma functions in:
Transporting electrolytes needed by the cells
Transporting nutrients to the tissues
Picking up wastes from the tissues
Transporting antibodies, enzymes, and hormones
All of the above

All of the above

53

What is the normal range for the fetal pulse rate?
80 to 120 beats/min
100 to 140 beats/min
120 to 160 beats/min
140 to 180 beats/min

120 to 160 beats/min

54

The transparent part of the eye that covers the pupil and the iris is the:
Sclera
Cornea
Choroid
Lens

Cornea

55

Which of the following urine tests may be positive when a patient has hepatitis?
Glucose
Protein
Bilirubin
Ketone bodies

Bilirubin

56

The lens of a tympanic membrane thermometer should be cleaned with:
A mild detergent
An abrasive cleanser
An antiseptic wipe
A soft tissue

An antiseptic wipe

57

Pus consists of all of the following EXCEPT:
Dead leukocytes
Erythrocytes
Dead bacteria
Dead tissue cells

Erythrocytes

58

Which of the following represents an ERROR in the eye instillation technique?
Making sure the medication bears the word ophthalmic
Asking the patient to look up before instilling drops
Instilling drops onto the center of the cornea
Asking the patient to close and roll the eye after the instillation

Instilling drops onto the center of the cornea

59

All of the following are included in a complete patient examination EXCEPT:
The health history
Therapeutic procedures
The physical examination
Laboratory tests

Therapeutic procedures

60

What is the purpose of prenatal care?
To prevent disease
To promote health
To provide prenatal education
For the early detection of problems
All of the above

All of the above

61

The Snellen eye chart is used to:
Assess visual acuity
Diagnose conjunctivitis
Assess peripheral vision
Diagnose glaucoma
All of the above

Assess visual acuity

62

Which of the following test results indicates a concentrated urine specimen?
pH: 6
Red blood cells: 3/HPF
Protein: trace
Ketone bodies: ?+1
Specific gravity: 1.025

Specific gravity: 1.025

63

AIDS cannot be transmitted through:
Casual contact
Blood splashes
Sexual intercourse
Needlestick injuries

Casual contact

64

What is the purpose of the Pap test?
Early detection of cancer of the cervix
Diagnosis of gonorrhea
Evaluation of the cause of infertility
Evaluation of postmenopausal bleeding
All of the above

Early detection of cancer of the cervix

65

A 24-hour urine specimen may be collected to:
Detect the presence of liver disease
Diagnose a UTI
Determine the cause of kidney stone formation
Determine if a patient has diabetes mellitus

Determine the cause of kidney stone formation

66


Which of the following does NOT need to be reported to the physician?
The lochia discharge is absent within the first 2 weeks after delivery
The lochia discharge increases rather than decreases
The lochia changes to yellowish white after having been red
The lochia has a foul odor

The lochia changes to yellowish white after having been red

67

Patients with chronic hepatitis B face an increased risk of developing:
Liver cancer
Pancreatitis
Rheumatic heart disease
Gallstones

Liver cancer

68

Which of the following represents an ERROR in Snellen eye testing technique?
Positioning the chart at the patient's eye level
Having the patient keep his or her glasses on for distance vision
Instructing the patient not to squint during the test
Asking the patient to close the eye not being tested

Asking the patient to close the eye not being tested

69

Which of the following urine tests may be positive when a patient has undiagnosed diabetes mellitus?
Glucose
Protein
Nitrite
Bilirubin
All of the above

Glucose

70


Treatment for acute hepatitis B includes:
Antibiotics
Physical therapy
Liver transplantation
Restricted activity and rest

Restricted activity and rest

71

The nucleus of a neutrophil generally contains:
Three to five lobes
Six to eight lobes
Fine granules
No lobes

Three to five lobes

72

The Snellen Big E chart is used with:
Elderly individuals
Individuals with cataracts
Non?English-speaking individuals
School-age children

Non?English-speaking individuals

73

What preparation is required to examine Trichomonas vaginalis under the microscope?
The vaginal discharge is placed on a slide with a drop of isotonic saline
A culture medium is inoculated with the vaginal discharge
The swab containing the discharge is placed in a transport medium
The vaginal discharge is placed on a slide with a drop of KOH

The vaginal discharge is placed on a slide with a drop of isotonic saline

74

When performing a capillary puncture, the finger should NOT be squeezed to avoid:
Diluting the blood sample with tissue fluid
Excessive bleeding around the puncture site
Exposure of the medical assistant to bloodborne pathogens
Bruising of the patient’s finger

Diluting the blood sample with tissue fluid

75

For an artery to be considered as a pulse site, it must be:
Located in a closed cavity
Located away from major nerves
Located over a firm tissue such as bone
Located close to the heart

Located over a firm tissue such as bone

76

The type of specimen that should be used to test for the presence of nitrite in the urine is a:
Specimen that has been left standing at room temperature for a half hour
24-hour urine specimen
Freshly voided random specimen
First-voided morning specimen

First-voided morning specimen

77

All of the following make a person less resistant to a pathogen EXCEPT:
Poor nutrition
Immunizations
Poor hygiene
Stress

Immunizations

78

Which type of the following white blood cells has granules in the cytoplasm that stain a bright reddish orange?
Neutrophil
Basophil
Lymphocyte
Monocyte
Eosinophil

Eosinophil

79

Which of the following is the most specific type of hearing test?
Tuning fork test
Audiometry
Whisper test
Otoscopy

Audiometry

80

A urine culture is used in the diagnosis of:
An injury to the urinary system
Kidney stones
A urinary tract infection
Diabetes mellitus

A urinary tract infection

81

Which of the following patients is most likely to develop candidiasis?
A patient with poor hygiene
A patient who has irregular menstrual periods
A patient on prolonged antibiotic therapy
A patient with multiple sexual partners

A patient on prolonged antibiotic therapy

82

When performing a microscopic examination of urine, the presence of how many white blood cells/HPF is considered normal?
0 to 8
0 to 15
0 to 20
2 to 6

0 to 8

83

What is the function of the lens of the eye?
To permit the entrance of light rays into the eye
To control the size of the pupil
To focus light rays on the retina
To transmit light rays to the brain

To focus light rays on the retina

84

An increase in eosinophils often occurs:
During an acute infection
During a viral disease
During an allergic reaction
When a patient has infectious mononucleosis

During an allergic reaction

85

A tympanic membrane thermometer should not be used to measure temperature on a patient who has:
Otitis externa
A small amount of cerumen in the ear
Big ears
Strep throat

Otitis externa

86

Mr. Peterson has a hemoglobin reading of 16. This is considered:
Within normal range
Above normal range
Below normal range
An invalid result

Within normal range

87

Refraction is:
The dilation of the pupil
The ability of the eye to bend light rays so that they can be focused on the retina
The ability of the eye to distinguish colors
The transmission of light stimuli from the optic nerve to the brain

The ability of the eye to bend light rays so that they can be focused on the retina

88

The eustachian tube connects the nasopharynx to the:
Middle ear
Inner ear
External auditory ear canal
Cochlea

Middle ear

89

When measuring blood pressure, the patient's arm should be positioned:
Above heart level
At heart level
Across the chest
With the palm facing downward

At heart level

90

What effect could patient movement have on the pulse oximetry procedure?
Prevents the probe from picking up the pulse signal
Causes a decrease in blood flow to the finger
Prevents the probe from being aligned properly
Causes the photodetector to absorb too much light

Prevents the probe from picking up the pulse signal

91

Excessive bleeding during the menstrual period is known as:
Metrorrhagia
Dysfunctional uterine bleeding
Hemorrhaging
Dyspareunia

Dysfunctional uterine bleeding

92

Which of the following examinations requires the use of deep palpation?
Bimanual pelvic examination
Breast examination
Detection of areas of tenderness
Detection of swelling

Bimanual pelvic examination

93

A vaginal examination is usually performed as the patient nears term. All of the following are reasons for performing this examination EXCEPT:
To confirm the presenting part
To determine the degree of cervical dilation
To determine the degree of cervical effacement
To determine when the patient will go into labor

To determine when the patient will go into labor

94

Which of the following represents a decrease in the elasticity of the lens as a result of the aging process?
Glaucoma
Presbyopia
Hyperopia
Cataracts

Presbyopia

95

How should urine reagent strips be stored?
In a cool area
In a dark container
In a dry area
With the cap tightly closed
All of the above

All of the above

96

Which of the following is NOT a function of the urinary system?
To remove waste products from the blood
To regulate the fluid balance of the body
To regulate the temperature of the body
To regulate the electrolyte balance of the body

To regulate the temperature of the body

97

.
What is the term for an infection that results from a defective immune system that cannot defend itself from pathogens normally found in the environment?
Autoimmunity
Opportunistic
Contagious
Seropositive

Opportunistic

98

A low hemoglobin reading occurs with:
Polycythemia
Anemia
Hepatitis
Emphysema

Anemia

99

Reasons why the temporal artery is a good site for measuring body temperature include all of the following EXCEPT:
It is not affected by ambient temperature
It is easily accessible
It has a constant, steady flow of blood
It is located close to the surface of the skin

It is not affected by ambient temperature

100

Which of the following may require a physical examination?
Prerequisite for employment
Participation in sports
School admission
Summer camp attendance
All of the above

all of the above

101

How often does OSHA require employers to review and update their Exposure Control Plan?
Every 6 months
Once a year
Every 2 years
Only when a new procedure is instituted

Once a year

102

During the venipuncture procedure, a sudden swelling occurs in the area around the puncture site. You should:
Apply pressure to the area with a gauze pad
Continue with the venipuncture
Immediately remove the tourniquet and then the needle
Call 911

Immediately remove the tourniquet and then the needle

103

The patient's height should be measured to the nearest:
1/8 inch
1/4 inch
1/2 inch
1 inch

1/4 inch Correct

104

Where is the popliteal pulse located?
In front of the ear and just above eye level
In the middle of the groin
On the anterior side of the neck
In the back of the knee

In the back of the knee

105

The American Cancer Society recommends that a woman perform breast self-examination:
Weekly
Monthly
Every 2 months
Twice a year

Monthly Correct

106

The patient's height should be recorded in:
Inches
Feet and inches
Centimeters
Meters

Feet and inches Correct

107

Which of the following individuals would be LEAST likely to have dyspnea?
A patient with chronic bronchitis
A patient with arthritis
A patient with emphysema
A patient with asthma

A patient with arthritis Correct

108

The purpose of measuring fundal height is to:
Diagnose pregnancy
Determine the presence of fetal distress
Assess whether or not fetal growth is progressing normally
Determine the degree of cervical dilation and effacementu

Assess whether or not fetal growth is progressing normally Correct

109

Impacted cerumen can be softened by:
Irrigating the ear with an antiseptic solution
Inserting a moistened cotton-tipped applicator into the ear
Instilling several drops of warm mineral oil into the ear
Placing a heating pad next to the ear

Instilling several drops of warm mineral oil into the ear Correct

110

Chlamydia and gonorrhea are usually diagnosed using:
A culture test
An antigen-antibody test
A DNA-probe test
A pregnancy test

A DNA-probe test Correct

111

Mrs. Nelson has a white blood cell count of 14,500. This is considered:
Within normal range
Above normal range
Below normal range
An inaccurate test result

Above normal range Correct