IB 4 Rhetoric Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in IB 4 Rhetoric Vocab Deck (37)
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1

Conceit

A metaphor developed at great length, occurring frequently throughout the work.

2

Conceptual Metaphor

The concept behind the metaphor actually used in speech or writing.

ie "Knowing is seeing" (knowing isn't actually seeing)

3

Rhetorical modes/modes of discourse (4)

Exposition
Argumentation
Description
Narration

4

Rhetorical mode, Exposition

Purpose: to explain/analyze information by presenting an idea, relevant evidence, and appropriate discussion.

5

Rhetorical mode, Argumentation

Purpose: to prove the validity of an idea through sound reasoning, discussion, and argument.

6

Rhetorical mode, Description

Purpose: to recreate, invent, or visually present a noun or action.

7

Rhetorical mode, Narration

Purpose: to narrate something, useful in putting things in a logical order.

8

Ecphrasis

Vivid description.

9

Enargia/hypotyposis

Generic name for the group of figures of speech describing one thing (ie Chronographia)

10

Chronographia

Vivid representation of a certain recurring time
ie a season

11

Topographia

Description of a place.

12

Pragmatographia

Description of an action

13

Ethopoeia

Extensive description of a character (manners, dispositions, etc.)

14

Prosopographia

Vivid description of a face

15

Astrothesia

Description of the stars

16

Effictio

Description of someone's body (usually from head to toe)

17

Icon

Description of the likeness of a person by imagery

18

Chorographia

Description of a particular nation

19

Geographia

Description of the earth

20

Anemographia

Description of the wind

21

Dendrographia

Description of a tree

22

Topothesia

Description of an imaginary place

23

Hydrographia

Description of water

24

Anacoluthon

Lack of grammatical sequence or symmetry.

Look for: dashes

ie. "Athletes convicted of drug-related crimes--are they to be forgiven with just a slap on the wrist?

25

Anadiplosis

Repetition of a prominent phrase or the last word (specifically, repetition of a word that ends one clause at the beginning of the next)

Look for: same word right after each other, usually in different sentences.

ie. "The love of wicked men converts to fear / that fear to hate, and hate turns. . . ."

26

Anaphora

Repetition of a word at the beginning/same place of a clause/phrase.

Look for: the same word in the same place

ie. "we cannot dedicate--we cannot consecrate--we cannot hallow--this ground."

27

Anastrophe

Yoda speech--inversion of conventional word order.

Look for: unusual word order.

ie. "Only once you live" vs. You only live once.

28

Hendiadys

Expressing a single idea by usuing two nouns instead of a noun and its qualifier; a method of amplification that adds force.

Look for: two nouns joined by AND

"Angels and ministers of grace defend us!"

29

Epexegesis

When one interprets what one has just said--redefinition or self-interpretation.

Look for: redundancy and "that is to say"

ie. "'I've eaten the plums, that is to say, the plums are gone."

30

Zeugma

When one part of speech governs other part of a sentence

Look for: one verb describing several nouns

ie. "He carried a strobe light and the responsibility for the lives of his men."