Identifications: Exam 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Identifications: Exam 1 Deck (65):
1

Livius Andronichus

Comes to Rome from Tarentum in Southern Italy, translated many Greek works into Latin

2

Titus Maccius Plautus

254-184 BCE, plays based on Greek New Comedy models, distorted by Plautus to include Roman aspects, puns and alliteration, wrote Casina, Pseudolus and Truculentus

3

Ludi Romani

240 BCE Roman games dedicated to Jupiter Optimus Maximus, Drama

4

Punic Wars

Wars between Rome and Carthage, 1st from 264-241, 2nd from 218-201, 3rd from 149-146

5

Hellenism

End of first Punic War, demand for Drama in Rome, Greek influence because of Drama

6

Greek New Comedy

325-250 BCE, Menander, cosmopolitan themes, stock characters from domestic life, stereotypical situations, psychological realism

7

Menander

Founder of Greek New Comedy, wrote Eunuchus and Self-Tormentor which were copied by Terence

8

Theater of Pompey

55 BCE, first stone theater in Rome

9

Fabula Palliata

Play in Greek costume, inherits stock characters, plots, and scripts of Greek New Comedy, Greek setting retained (Athens),

10

Adulescens

Young man

11

Senex

Old man and father of household

12

Meretrix

Prostitue

13

Cantica

"Songs" + spoken and chanted lines

14

Captatio Benevolentiae

Winning of Goodwill, a rhetorical technique designed to capture the goodwill of an audience at the beginning of a speech or appeal

15

Prologue

Terence's avoid exposition of plot and dramatic/literary criticism

16

Epilogue

Used to convey morals, actors struggles, and also... to end the play

17

Diphilius

New Greek Comedy writer and contemporary of Menander, Plautus probably copied Casina from him

18

Cleostrata

Wife of Lysidamus

19

Myrrhina

Wife of Alcesimus and friend of Cleostrata

20

Lysidamus

Roman Paterfamilias, senex amator (old man in love) husband to Cleostrata

21

Casina

Girl who Lysidamus has fallen in love with

22

Pardalisca

Cleostrata's personal slave, maidservant

23

Chalinus

Slave of Lysidamus and sidekick of Lysidamus' son, Euthynicus

24

Olympio

Slave of Lysidamus and foreman of his farm in the country

25

Magna Mater

Great Mother, Cybele, brought to Rome in 204 BCE

26

Pseudolus

Slave of Simo and of his son, Calidorus

27

Simo

Paterfamilias, father of Calidorus,

28

Ballio

Pimp and neighbor of Simo

29

Simia

Slave of Charinus

30

Calidorus

Son of Simo

31

Harpax

Slave and military assistant to the Macedonian soldier

32

Phoenecium

Slave of Ballio that Calidorus and the Macedonian soldier are in love with

33

Metatheater

Theater that is aware of itself

34

Misrule

Women tricking husbands, not according to reality?

35

Cato the Elder

Arch-Defender of Roman traditional values, praising guy for visiting brothel and not fooling around with other men's wives

36

Romanization

Adding Roman aspects into Greek plays,

37

Diniarchus

A young Athenian Citizen

38

Astaphium

A slave or maidservant of Phronesium

39

Phronesium

A prostitute/brothel owner living next door to Strabax's family

40

Stratophanes

A Babylonian mercenary soldier

41

Truculentus

A country slave of Strabax's family

42

Strabax

A young Athenian man who has grown up in the countryside

43

Publius Terentius Afer

Terence, the African, born in Carthage in 184 BCE, taken to Rome as a slave, wrote Eunuchus and Self-Tormentor, works preserved with production notes

44

Luscius of Lavinium

Terence's rival? Charges him with plagiarism and Contaminatio of Greek sources

45

Aediles

Magistrates who sponsored performances at religious festivals

46

Contaminatio

Contamination, dumbing down or adding Roman aspects to Greek plays

47

Phaedria

A young Athenian Citizen

48

Chaerea

Younger brother of Phaedria

49

Parmeno

A slave of the family of Phaedria and Chaerea

50

Thais

A prostitute/brothel-owner living next to the family of Phaedria and Chaerea

51

Thraso

A mercenary soldier

52

Gnatho

A parasite (professional dinner-guest and flatterer) of Thraso

53

Ekphrasis

Description of a work of art within a work of literature ex Jupiter and Danae, Shield of Achilles, Shield of Aeneas

54

Pamphila

A girl about 16 years old, kidnapped in infancy and sold into slavery

55

Menedemus

An Athenian Citizen who has recently moved to live next door to Chremes and torments himself with hard work in the fields

56

Clitipho

Son of Chremes and Sostrata, in love with Bacchis

57

Bacchis

A high-end prostitue, girlfriend of Clitipho

58

Clinia

Son of Menedemus, in love with Antiphila

59

Antiphila

A teenage girl living in Athens, girlfriend of Clinia

60

Syrus

A slave in Chremes' household

61

Casina

Plautus, Play is about how Lysidamus (senex) wants to sleep with Casina who is betrothed to son Euthnycus, sends him to country, dad wants Casina to marry Olympio, mom wants her to marry Chalinus, Cleostrata tricks Lysidamus by dressing up Olympio like Casina. Conflict between dad and son becomes conflict between dad and mom.

62

Pseudolus

Plautus, 191 BCE, presented at festival of Magna Mater, Calidorus loves Phronecium and wants Pseudolus (clever slave) to help him, Macedonian general bought her from pimp Ballio, Simo (dad) trying to help son buy prostitute, Pseudolus intercepts Harpax (messenger), Pseudolus poses as slave of Ballio, Charinus lends Calidorus money, Ballio and Simo team up, Ballio meets real Harpax, Pseudolus fooled them and obtained Phronecium, Pseudolus wins

63

Truculentus

Plautus, 161 BCE (Megalensia), Diniarchus assists Phroenesium in seducing a soldier named Stratophanes, Phronesium uses Ds baby to convince soldier that it is his and that he should give a lot of money, Astaphium as Phronesium's maidservant and protege, Truculentus tries to help his master Strabax not spend too much money at the whorehouse, but he is seduced by Astaphium, Revealed Ds baby, D agrees to marry the mother

64

Eunuchus

Terence,

65

Self-Tormentor

Terence,