idioms and phrasal verbs Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in idioms and phrasal verbs Deck (209):
1

essay

a short piece of writing on a particular subject.

2

candidate

/kan-də-ˌdāt/
le candidat

3

go blank

: to be unable to recall or think of something My mind went blank when I heard the question.

4

keep/have one eye on sth/sb

look at or watch sth while you are doing sth else
try to keep an eye on the time during the test

5

read through

: to read (something) from beginning to end especially to look for mistakes or check details Remember to read through your essay before you hand it in.

6

get stuck on

no be able to continue with sth, because it is to hard

7

miss out

: to leave out : omit
not include sth, or fail to include sth

8

eventually/ i-ˈven(t) chü-ə-lē/

in the end

9

revise

reconsider and alter (something) in the light of further evidence.
a proof including corrections made in an earlier proof.
réviser

10

in a panic

i steer clear of other students who are in a panic

11

stick to

talk or write about one particular thing only

12

economic

ˌe-kə-ˈnä-mik , ˌē-kə- \

13

get on top of sth

manage to control and deal with sth
get to grips with sth

14

grip

a firm hold; a tight grasp or clasp.

15

get into the habit of doing sth

develop a particular habit

16

particular/pə(r)ˈtikyələr
/

used to single out an individual member of a specified group or class.

17

go through sth

look at or study notes, papers, etc
go over sth

18

bog

wet spongy ground; especially
باطلاق، لجنزار

19

get bogged down

If you talk too much about the details of something, you won't move forward with more important discussions

20

work out

solve a problem by considering the facts

21

come up

selected and appears somewhere

22

keep your fingers crossed

hope for good luck or success

23

get down to sth

begin to do sth and give serious attention to it

24

be in two minds about

to be unable to decide about something: I was in two about coming this morning

25

it’s a good thing that

used for saying that you are pleased that something has happened because it prevents something bad from happening

26

a good laugh

If you describe someone as a laugh or a good laugh, you like them because they are amusing and fun to be with. Mickey was a good laugh and great to have in the dressing room.

27

apparently

əˈparəntlē
Apparemment

28

rolling in money

he is rolling in money
rich

29

out of the blue

suddenly and unexpectedly
they arrived out of blue

30

how come

how come is your sister going to buy a car if she hasnt got any money

31

like mad

very fast, hard, much
flat out
the police came after us, so we ran like mad

32

lose face

be less respected or look stupid because of sth you have done

33

turn a blind eye to

pretend not to see or notice sth
the teacher turned a blind eye to some of the children's bad behaviour

34

in the distance

far away
she could see lights in the distance

35

without fail

i ring my mother every day without fail,
always

36

if all else fails

if what was planned cannot happen:
We could go to the beach or to my sister's house, and if all else fails, we can always find something to do at home.

37

bright and early

early in the morning
we left camp bright and early

38

dont ask me

used when you dont know the answer
search me

39

famous last words

said as an ironic comment on an overconfident assertion that may later be proved wrong.
"‘I'll be perfectly OK on my own.’ ‘Famous last words,’ she thought to herself"

40

get through

make contact with sb by phone

41

a stone's throw

a short distance

42

laugh sth off

joke about sth to show you think it is not serious

43

be meant to do sth

be supposed to do sth

44

good grief

—used to express surprise or annoyance
"He's burned the toast." "Good grief! Can't he do anything right?"

45

in the main

mostly, in general
the food here is quite good, in the main

46

find one's feet

: to start to be comfortable in a new situation : to begin to be confident or successful
They quickly found their feet in their adopted country.

47

in vain

without success
they tried in vain to persuade her to go

48

catch somebody's eye

to get someone's attention, especially by looking at them: I tried to catch the waiter's eye, so we could order.

49

once in a blue moon

very rarely.
"he comes round once in a blue moon"

50

go public

to publicize or reveal something

51

touch wood

A superstitious expression said, typically in combination with actually touching or knocking on a wooden object or surface, when one desires something positive to continue, lest the mention of it "jinx" or somehow reverse one's good fortune

52

in rough

do for the first time

53

it is no good (doing sth)

it will have no positive results
it is no use

54

go over/through sth

look at, check or discuss carefully

55

put sth away

put sth where you usually keep it, especially after using it

56

take it in turns

take turns at sth

57

call it a day

decide to stop what you are doing

58

hand sth out

you give sth to each person in a group

59

hand sth round

you pass sth especially food or drink to people

60

go over

look at, check or discuss carefully

61

brush up on sth/brush sth up

improve your knowledge or skill in sth

62

keep up with sb

make progress at the same speed as the others

63

sink in

be remembered and understood

64

pick sth up

learn without making a big effort

65

keep it up

continue to do sth as well as you are doing it

66

rack your brain/brains

try hard to remember sth

67

come back to

remember it

68

make the most of it

enjoy sth or use sth as much as you can

69

learn sth (off) by heart

learn sth by reading or hearing it repeatedly

70

stick at sth

continue with sth , even though it is difficult

71

get there

achieve after a period of time,

72

get behind (with sth)

not to do sth on time,

73

catch up

reach the level of others who are more advanced

74

آپارتمان چهل واحدی

40 unit building

75

sociable

: inclined by nature to companionship with others of the same species : social
people dont seem very sociable there

76

من فک می کنم فقط به خاطر اینه که

i think it is just people are too busy

77

من هم چین آدمی نیستم که

i am not type of person that when i go to grocery store, i start a conversation with the people in line with me

78

for the most part

in most cases; usually.
"the older members, for the most part, shun him"

79

shun

persistently avoid, ignore, or reject (someone or something) through antipathy or caution.
"he shunned fashionable society"

80

get by

: to succeed with the least possible effort or accomplishment
: to proceed without being discovered, criticized, or punished
working at night paid my college tuition and enabled me to get by—but just barely

81

tuition

: the price of or payment for instruction
Her uncle agreed to pay part of her tuition.

82

همینیه که هست

it is just how it is

83

stop by

: to visit someone briefly Feel free to stop by anytime.

84

it just goes to show

This just goes to show that getting good grades in school doesn't mean you're clever.

85

not up to much

If you say that something is not up to much, you mean that it is of poor quality.
This business isn't up to much.
not be very good

86

be better off

advising them to do it
If you've got bags, you're better off taking a taxi.
Is the human heart weak in comparison with the other organs?
The amount of carbon dioxide released by burning coal is small in comparison.

87

be in your element

to be happy because you are doing what you like or can do best:

Kate, of course, was in her element, making all the arrangements.

88

think on your feet

to make a quick decision or give an answer quickly:

I'd never heard about the company before, so I had to think on my feet.

89

go far

to be very successful in the future:

She's a very talented writer - I'm sure she'll go far

90

it's early days

said when you think it is too soon to make a judgment about the likely result of something because a lot might still happen or change
Our progress has been fairly slow so far, but it's early days

91

intelligible

inˈtelijəbəl
able to be understood; comprehensible.
this would make the system more intelligible to the general public

92

comprehensible

ˌkämpriˈhensəbəl
able to be understood; intelligible.

93

resort

\ ri-ˈzȯrt \
a place that is a popular destination for vacations or recreation, or which is frequented for a particular purpose.

94

recreation

re-krē-ˈā-shən \
: refreshment of strength and spirits after work; also : a means of refreshment or diversion : hobby
The fields next to the school are used for recreation.
récréation

95

perk

money, goods, or other benefit to which one is entitled as an employee or as a shareholder of a company.
many agencies are helping to keep personnel at their jobs by providing perks

96

perk and benefits

Employee benefits and (especially in British English) benefits in kind (also called fringe benefits, perquisites, or perks) include various types of non-wage compensation provided to employees in addition to their normal wages or salaries

97

compensation/ˌkämpənˈsāSHən/

something, typically money, awarded to someone as a recompense for loss, injury, or suffering.
seeking compensation for injuries suffered at work

98

let somebody go

b) to make someone leave their job – used in order to avoid saying this directly
I’m afraid we had to let several of our staff go.

99

allowance

give (someone) a sum of money regularly as an allowance.

100

competitive /kəmˈpetətiv/

as good as or better than others of a comparable nature.

101

applicable

relevant or appropriate.
the same considerations are equally applicable to accident claims

102

fill out

to add information such as your name or address in the empty spaces on an official document

103

cover letter

A cover letter is a document sent with your resume to provide additional information on your skills and experience. The letter provides detailed information on why you are qualified for the job

104

infamous

well known for some bad quality or deed.
an infamous war criminal
infâme

105

notorious

famous or well known, typically for some bad quality or deed.
nō-ˈtôrēəs
Los Angeles is notorious for its smog

106

do (one's) homework

To be thoroughly prepared and informed for something, such as a meeting, interview, or report.

107

thoroughly /ˈthər-(ˌ)ō-lē/

in a complete or thorough manner

108

thorough / ˈthər-(ˌ)ō , /

a : marked by full detail a thorough description

109

subsidize

to aid or promote (someone or something, such as a private enterprise) with public money

110

reimburse\ ˌrē-əm-ˈbərs \

: to pay back to someone
reimburse travel expenses
: to make restoration or payment of an equivalent to reimburse him for his traveling expenses

111

think ahead

to think carefully about what might happen in the future, or to make plans for things you want to do in the future:

112

think for oneself

have an independent mind or attitude.
"the aim is to get the students to think for themselves"

113

talk sth over

to discuss a problem or situation with someone, often to find out their opinion or to get advice before making a decision about it
I'd like to talk it over with my wife first.

114

spur

a thing that prompts or encourages someone; an incentive.

115

think straight

to think in a clear and logical way
i am not very good at thinking straight in stressful situeaion

116

think back

think about things that happened in the past

117

break the news

to be the first tell sb about some important news

118

get hold of sb

find or make contact with sb by email or phone

119

drop sb a line

write a short letter or email to sb

120

keep sb in the dark

dont tell them about sth importan

121

foremost/ˈfôrˌmōst/

most prominent in rank, importance, or position.
one of the foremost art collectors of his day
first and foremost

122

backwards and forewards

moving first in one direction and then in the opposite direction many times
Father Brogan began to pace backwards and forwards.

123

now and then

: from time to time : occasionally now and then we go off to the country
we do go to the library now and then, but not as often as we should

124

on and off

something happens for a period of time, then stops for a period,then starts again

125

sick and tired of

i am sick and tired of all this rain
very unhappy about sth

126

word for word

using exactly the same words
she told me what he said word for word

127

one way or another

by some method
: by some method He vowed that he would succeed (in) one way or another.

128

out of tune

: in a state in which the correct musical sound is not played or sung The piano was out of tune.
in tune

129

off duty

ree from assignment or responsibility a police officer who was off duty at the time
on duty

130

by accident

in a way that is not planned or organized
on purpose

131

in theory

—used to say what should happen or be true if a theory is correct
In theory, the reading skills of the students should improve.
in practice

132

in working order

in (good) working order/condition
: working properly

the phone was in working order yesterday
out of order

133

out of control

under control

134

in season

at the right time
2 : at the stage of greatest fitness (as for eating) peaches are in season
out of season == for

135

in luck

out of luck

136

in sight

out of sight

137

in the form of a letter, document

in writing

138

by return of post

in the next available post
he needed confirmation in writing, but promised to acknowledge by return of post

139

in confidence

: not made known to the public or other people : private Your personal information will be kept in strict/strictest confidence.

140

you are thinking and worrying about sth

on your mind

141

at length

for a long time and in detail
i questioned the two boys at length

142

for certain

for sure, without doubt

143

pick someone's brains (or brain)

obtain information by questioning someone who is better informed about a subject than oneself.
"mind if I pick your brain for a minute?"

144

go round in circles

do or discuss sth without making any progress
this discussion is hopeless,we are just going round in circles.

145

be on the go

be very active and busy
i have been on the go, all day

146

faint

1 difficult to see, hear, smell etc
She gave a faint smile.
a very faint noise

147

used for emphasizing that you do not know or understand something

not have the faintest idea
I haven’t the faintest idea what you mean.

148

sort something/somebody ↔ out

to arrange or organize something that is mixed up or untidy, so that it is ready to be used
We need to sort out our camping gear before we go away.

149

gear = machinary

the machinery in a vehicle such as a car, truck, or bicycle that you use to go comfortably at different speeds
reverse gear, in gear, out of gear, in third gear, change gear

150

gear - equipment

a set of equipment or tools you need for a particular activity
He’s crazy about photography – he’s got all the gear.
We’ll need some camping gear.

151

do the trick

spoken if something does the trick, it solves a problem or provides what is needed to get a good result
A bit more flour should do the trick.

152

have had it

be in a very poor condition; be beyond repair or past its best.
"the car had had it"

153

on the small/high/heavy etc side

spoken a little too small, too high, too heavy etc
The trousers are a bit on the small side.

154

be rushed/run off your feet

to be very busy
Before Christmas, most salespeople are rushed off their feet.

155

get on top of somebody

if your work or a problem gets on top of you, it begins to make you feel unhappy and upset
Things are starting to get on top of him.

156

be out of your depth

to be involved in a situation or activity that is too difficult for you to understand or deal with
I felt completely out of my depth at the meeting.

157

to have a good chance of achieving something

be in with a chance of
The factory is in with a good chance of winning a major order.

158

put in a (good) word for somebody

to try to help someone get or achieve something by saying good things about them to someone else
I got the job because Paul put in a good word for me.

159

a) using everything that is available

at full stretch
With staff shortages and appalling weather conditions, the emergency services were at full stretch.

160

appalling

very unpleasant and shocking SYN terrible
She suffered appalling injuries.
He was kept in appalling conditions in prison.

161

pile up

to increase in quantity or amount, in a way that is difficult to manage
It wasn’t long before the debts were piling up.
The traffic starts piling up around this time.

162

make the grade

to succeed or reach the necessary standard
What does it take to make the grade as a top golfer?

163

there is more to life than

There’s More to Life Than Work

164

(also such is life) spoken used to say that something is disappointing but you have to accept it

that’s life

165

as if, as though

used for saying how something or sb apears
a) in a way that makes it seem that something is true or that something is happening

Gary was behaving as though nothing had happened.
Mrs Crump looked as if she was going to explode.

166

even if

used to emphasize that something will still be true if another thing happens
She’s going to have problems finding a job even if she gets her A levels.

167

used to say that someone does or will do something somehow, although you are not sure how

(in) one way or another/one way or the other
One way or the other he always seems to win.

168

sick and tired of

i am sick and tired of all this rain

169

now and then

from time to time : occasionally
now and then we go off to the country

170

extended family

a family group that consists not only of parents and children but also of grandparents, aunts etc → nuclear family

171

all the people who live together in one house SYN house

household
A growing number of households have at least one computer.
Families are classified by the occupation of the head of the household (=the person who earns the most money and is most respected in a house).

172

disapprove
ˌdɪsəˈpruːv

of
I strongly disapprove of any form of gambling.

173

care for somebody/something

1 to look after someone who is not able to look after themselves SYN take care of
He thanked the nurses who had cared for him.
The children are well cared for.

174

frail

1 someone who is frail is weak and thin because they are old or ill
frail elderly people

175

1 especially British English a sign at the side of a road showing directions and distances SYN sign American English

sign
I’m sure that signpost is pointing the wrong way.
2 something that helps you understand how something is organized, where to go, or what will follow – used especially in news reports

176

how we can indicate order

firstly
secondly
lastly

177

additionally

alo
A new contract is in place. Additionally, staff will be offered a bonus scheme.

178

dissertation/ˌdɪsəˈteɪʃən

a long piece of writing on a particular subject, especially one written for a university degree → thesis
thesis

179

thesis

ˈθiːsɪs
a long piece of writing about a particular subject that you do as part of an advanced university degree such as an MA or a PhD
Cynthia’s still working on her thesis.
Joe wrote his doctoral dissertation on Thucydides

180

brochure/ broʊˈʃʊr

a thin book giving information or advertising something
a holiday brochure
• Readers can pick up a brochure for that.

181

seminar//ˈsemənɑː $ -nɑːr/

a class at a university or college for a small group of students and a teacher to study or discuss a particular subject
a Shakespeare seminar

182

faculty

the teaching staff of a university or college, or of one of its departments or divisions, viewed as a body.
دانشگده

183

(the) humanities

subjects of study such as literature, history, or art, rather than science or mathematics SYN (the) arts

184

lecturer

a) someone who gives lectures, especially in a university
استاد
She’s a brilliant lecturer.

185

philosophy/fəˈlɒsəfi $ -ˈlɑː-/

the study of the nature and meaning of existence, truth, good and evil etc

186

statistician /ˌstætəˈstɪʃən/

someone who works with statistics

187

biology

the study of living organisms, divided into many specialized fields that cover their morphology, physiology, anatomy, behavior, origin, and distribution.

188

anatomy/əˈnætəmi

the scientific study of the structure of human or animal bodies
a professor of anatomy
Knowledge of human anatomy is essential to figure drawing.

189

after all

a) in spite of what you thought was true or expected to happen
He wrote to say they couldn’t give me a job after all.
Union leaders announced that they would, after all, take part in the national conference.

190

statistic/ stəˈtɪstɪk

while statisticscan be useful, people can always manipulate numbers to suit their needs

191

fulfil

if you fulfil a hope, wish, or aim, you achieve the thing that you hoped for, wished for etc
Visiting Disneyland has fulfilled a boyhood dream.

192

at the moment

Julia’s on holiday in Spain at the moment.
At the moment, the situation in Haiti is very tense.

193

I suppose

used to say you think something is true, although you are uncertain about it
i suppose not everything can be perfect
I suppose you’re right.
So things worked out for the best, I suppose.
‘Aren’t you pleased?’ ‘Yes, I suppose so.’

194

(just) around (or round) the corner

very near.
"there's a chemist round the corner"

close by, nearby, very near, near here, not far away, a short distance away, in the neighbourhood, close at hand, within walking distance, within reach, on the doorstep

195

up the road

Deceptively nearby, especially when referring to a destination requiring a car trip. The term applies well in areas where roads are winding and possess very few landmarks, such as in rural communities.
The county courthouse is right up the road. (In reality, it takes about 45 minutes to get there.)

196

طرف منی یا اون؟

whose side are you on?

197

an ........ system, government etc is one in which a small group of people have more power and advantages than other people

elitist/eɪˈliːtəst, ɪ-/
an elitist education system

198

a group of people who have a lot of power and influence because they have money, knowledge, or special skills

elite
the domination of power by a small political elite
an elite group contains the best, most skilled, or most experienced people or members of a larger group

199

The idiom .......... is also used in a figurative or metaphorical sense to mean take positive action:

The government is taking steps to reduce the incidence of violent crime.

200

The idiom .......... is also used in a figurative or metaphorical sense to mean take positive action:

The government is taking steps to reduce the incidence of violent crime.

201

impressive ceremonies or events, involving many people wearing special clothes

pageantry /ˈpædʒəntri/
the pageantry of a military ceremony

202

If you say ............, you mean that there is an obvious problem or difficult situation that people do not want to talk about.

there is an elephant in the room

203

if you do or decide something.............., you do it after considering that thing

in the light of something else
In light of this tragic event, we have canceled the 4th of July celebrations.

204

hatred and fear of homosexuals

homophobia./ˌhəʊməˈfəʊbiə $
• It is a letter which indicates several things about homophobia, and three in particular.

205

to repair a hole in something by putting a piece of something else over it

patch2 (also patch up)


patch
1 PART OF AN AREA a small area of something that is different from the area around it
patch of
We finally found a patch of grass to sit down on.
Belinda watched a patch of sunlight move slowly across the wall.

206

coaldigger

the opposite of golddigger; a woman or man who deliberately selects partners whose attractiveness lies in the fact that they are a financial liability

207

to perform a particular action
قدم برداشتن

take a step
The Prime Minister took the unprecedented step of publishing details of the conversation in the press.

208

unprecedented

never having happened before, or never having happened so much
He took the unprecedented step of stating that the rumours were false.
بی سابقه
never done or known before.

209

precedent

preceding in time, order, or importance.
an earlier event or action that is regarded as an example
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