# IFR- Arrivals/Approaches Flashcards

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1
Q

What is the purpose of a STAR?

A

Simplify the clearance and delivery procedures.

2
Q

What do the heavy black arrows on the STAR represent?

A

They represent the actual STAR route, where it starts and where it stops.

3
Q

MSA, what is the obstruction clearance in mountainous and non-mountainous terrain

A

Minimum Safe Altitude (1,000 and 1,000)

4
Q

MVA, what is the obstruction clearance in mountainous and non-mountainous terrain

A

Minimum Vectoring Altitude (2,000 and 1,000)

5
Q

OROCA, what is the obstruction clearance in mountainous and non-mountainous terrain

A

Off Route Obstruction Clearance Altitude (2,000 and 1,000)

6
Q

What is the maximum speed limit in a procedure turn?

A

200 KIAS The speed applies from when you pass the initial approach fix till when you complete the procedure turn.

7
Q

Runway visibility

A

Distance down a runway a pilot can see unlighted objects

8
Q

Runway visual range

A

Is a measurement of light intesity between two transometers

9
Q

Convert to feet and SM distances
RVR 16
RVR 32
RVR 40

A

1600 feet (1/4 SM)
3200 feet (5/8 SM)
4000 feet (3/4 SM)

10
Q

CAT I (Normal ILS) DH? RVR?
CAT II
CAT IIIA

A

DH- 200 ft RVR- 2,400 ft
DH- 100 ft RVR- 1,200 ft
DH- 0 ft RVR- 700 ft

11
Q

What are the three basic components of an ILS?

A

Guidance- Localizer
Range- marker beacons
Visual information- approach lights

12
Q

What is the frequency range of an ILS approach?

A

108.10 to 111.95 MHz

13
Q

What can you substitute for an inoperative middle marker?

A

Compass locator or PAR

14
Q

Does an inoperative MM affect the visibility or decision height minimums on a category I ILS?

A

NO

15
Q

What do you need to go below the DH and MDA on an approach? What do you need to descent below 100 ft?

A

The two bars of red lights must be visible?

16
Q

Whenever you are flying an approach with a glideslope, where is the FAF?

A

It is when you intercept the glideslope.

17
Q

What does a black dot at the top of the approach lighting symbol mean?

A

It means that you have sequenced flashers as part of the approach lighting system.

18
Q

What is the “rule of thumb” for descending on a 3 degree glidepath?

A

Rate of descent = 5 x groundspeed

19
Q

What component associated with the ILS is identified by the last two letters of the localizer group?

A

Middle compass locator

20
Q

What component associated with the ILS is identified by the first two letters of the localizer group?

A

Outer compass locator

21
Q

The lowest ILS Category II minimums are…

A

DH 100 feet and RVR 1,200 feet

22
Q

When executing a stabilized approach, you should use what FPM descent rates for precision and non-precision approaches?

A

No more than 1,000 FPM for precision and non-precision approaches.

23
Q

HIRL

A

High Intensity Runway edge Lights

24
Q

TDZL

A

Touchdown Zone Lights

25
Q

RCLS

A

Runway Centerline Lighting Systm

26
Q

RVR

A

Runway Visual Range

27
Q

When you are first authorized for Category II approaches, during the first 6 months, what is your authorized DH and RVR?

A

150 ft and 1600 ft RVR

28
Q

During a simultaneous approach, what do you need to alert approach control of immediately if it happens?

A

Any inoperative or malfunctioning equipment.

29
Q

PRM

A

Precision Runway Monitoring

30
Q

What is PRM?

A

A radar system for monitoring approaches to closely spaced parallel runways

31
Q

When are side step approaches used?

A

When the runways are to close together to have simultaneous instrument approaches.

32
Q

On a side step approach, when should you start the side step maneuver?

A

Begin maneuver as soon as possible after the runway environment is in sight.

33
Q

If a procedure turn is not shown on an approach plate, what does that mean?

A

A procedure turn is Not Authorized.

34
Q

Can an LDA approach have a glideslope? Marker beacons? What is the key thing about an LDA approach?

A

YES, YES, The localizer is offset from the runway centerline more than 3 degrees.

35
Q

SDF

A

Simplified Directional Facility approach

36
Q

Describe an SDF approach?

A

It is a lot like a localizer course, but it is not as precise. It is either 6 degrees wide or 12 degrees wide, where as a localizer course is 3 to 6 degrees.

37
Q

What is the significance of the dashed line on an instrument approach plate?

A

It is the missed approach point.

38
Q

MALSR

A

Medium Intensity Approach Light System

39
Q

A

10 seconds

40
Q

GPS

A

Global Positioning System

41
Q

A GPS receiver needs how many satellites to get latitude and longitude?

A

3

42
Q

A GPS receiver needs how many satellites for lat, long, and altitude?

A

4

43
Q

A GPS receiver needs how many satellites for RAIM?

A

5 (5th satellite is needed to confirm RAIM)

44
Q

Terminal sensitivity on the GPS has what tolerances?

A

+/- 1NM

45
Q

Approach sensitivity on the GPS has what tolerances?

A

+/- .3 NM at the approach waypoint

46
Q

GPS sensitivities (Enroute, Terminal, Approach)

A

+/- 5 NM
+/- 1 NM
+/- .3 NM

47
Q

When do you manually sequence the GPS to the missed approach procedure?

A

After passing the Missed Approach Way Point

48
Q

You can’t use a GPS approach overlay on what approaches? (Three approaches)

A

SDF, LOC, or LDA

49
Q

If you are flying an ASR approach, when can a pilot initiate a missed approach?

A

At the pilot’s discretion

50
Q

What does NoPT mean?

A

No procedure turn unless specifically cleared to do so.

51
Q

When is radar service terminated when you are going into an uncontrolled airport?

A

When you land or when you are instructed to change to advisory frequency.

52
Q

What is the difference between a contact approach and a visual approach?

A

Weather minimums:
Contact: 1SM CofC
Visual: VFR conditions
Approach assignment:
Contact: Pilot must request
Visual: ATC can assign (pilot may reject)

53
Q

What are some IFR reports? (9 items)

A

1) Missed approach
2) Leaving an assigned altitude
3) Altitude change if operating on a VFR on Top clearance
4) If unable to climb or descend at least 500 FPM
5) Change in TAS of +/-5 % or 10 knots, whichever is greater
6) Any unforecast weather or severe weather
7) Any malfunction of navigational, approach, or communications equipment
8) Entering holding or reaching a clearance limit
9) Leaving holding

54
Q

What are some IFR reports in a non-radar environment? (3 items)

A

1) Final Approach Fix inbound
2) Crossing a compulsory reporting point
3) Change in estimate by +/- 3 minutes

55
Q

TEC

A

Tower Enroute Control

56
Q

What is a Tower Enroute Control?

A

Where an aircraft stays with approach control (does not go to center) while flying IFR

57
Q

What is the lost communications transponder code?

A

7600

58
Q

What is the lost com route hierachy?

A
• Last clearance
• Expected route
• Flight plan route
59
Q

What if you loss com when you are flying radar vectors?

A

Fly direct to fix, route, or airway specified in the vector clearance

60
Q

What if you loss com altitude hierachy?

A

Highest of:
- Last assigned altitude
- Expected altitude
- MEA (Minimum Enroute Altitude)

61
Q

MEA

A

Minimum Enroute Altitude

62
Q

/R for aircraft equipment means what?

A

GPS equipped (means, you also have DME)

63
Q

What if you loss com, when and where can you start the approach?

A

Upon arrival at any initial approach fix but not before the flight plan ETA as amended by ATC

64
Q

What if you loss com, when and where can you start the approach if you are holding?

A

At the EFC (Expect Further Clearance) time as amended by ATC.

65
Q

/A for aircraft equipment means what?

A

DME equipment in the aircraft