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Flashcards in Immunity Deck (63)
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1

Which division of the immune system is non-specific?

innate

2

Which division of the immune system is specific?

Acquired - after initial exposure

3

The complement system is a part of which system?

Innate

4

Complement uses (OILCAN) a series of activities:

opsonization
Inflammation
Lysis
chemotaxis
agglutination
Neutralization

5

Complement fragments known as ______ bind to the surface of bacteria in opsonization.

opsonin

6

Which complement increase the binding of bacteria for phagocytosis?

C3b and C4b

7

Inflammation by activation of ______ in anaphylaxis. Which complement?

Mast
C3a, C4a, and C5a

8

Lysis is due to the formation of the ______. Which complement?

Membrane attach complex (MAC)
C5b6789

9

What is it called to attract specific white blood cells to the area? Which type of complement?)

chemotaxis
C5a

10

Changes in the surface of the invading bacteria that make then sticky.

agglutination

11

Neutralization of the toxic sites on the surface of what?

The antigen

12

Specific or acquire immunity involves the production of what?

antibodies

13

Antibodies are made against specific what?

Foreign antigens

14

The antibodies are made by what?

lymphocytes

15

These molecules are usually large and complex and generate antibody.

antigens

16

Smaller molecules called _____ may also stimulate antibody production.

haptens

17

Haptens ONLY stimulate antibody production if attached to a _______ for initial presentation to the immune system.

proteins

18

Specific immune responses rely on?

lymphocytes

19

Specific immunity may be mediated by either:

Humeral response or
Cell-mediated response

20

Which type of specific immunity is antibody? Which is no-antibodies?

Antibody- humeral
None- cell-mediated

21

What is it called when some tissues will tolerate antigens without eliciting an inflammatory response?

immunologically privileged

22

Which areas of the body are immunologically privileged?

Brain, eye, testis, and the fetus

23

Production of immune cells include:

TNF, Immunoglobulin, cytokines, transformation growth factor (TICT)

24

Cytokines are produced by which cells and lymphokines are produced by what?

Cells in general
lymphocytes

25

What types of cytokines are there?

Lymphokines, interferons, interleukins 1-18

26

Antibody mediated immunity depends on___ and ____ lymphocytes.

T and C

27

These cells are involved in the generation of humeral immunity.

B celss

28

B lymphocytes mature where?

Bone marrow

29

By lymphocytes aka?

Plasma cells

30

Which cells make antibodies in the form of immunoglobulin?

b lymphocytes aka plasma cells