Imp Reptile Stuff (taken from class and past TQs) (AH) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Imp Reptile Stuff (taken from class and past TQs) (AH) Deck (34)
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1

A turtle comes in with an overgrown Ramphotheca, what most likely caused this?

Vitamin A deficiency

2

Where is a good place to look for parasites on a lizard or snake (not turtle)

External tympanum. Has good blood supply

3

What do you use to take blood in a reptile?

Lithium hepranized syringe

4

Gender determination in a snake?

M = probe inserted 8-12 scales past the hemipenial sheath. F= 3-4 scales.

5

Gender determination in a lizard?

M = larger pre cloacal pores, larger ornate head, hemipenal bulge in some (chameleons). Hemipenes can calcify in adult make monitors → radiographs.

6

How must a UVB light source be positioned for it to be effective?

Positioned 6-18” from the enclosure. Do not have it going through glass. Change bulb every 6mo regardless of if it appears to be working or not.

7

Why do reptiles need a UVB light source?

For cutaneous photolysis → 7-dehydro cholesterol = previtamin D3

8

How can you test kidney function in a reptile and what method is the most reliable?

Bun/creatinine – not reliable. Uric acid is a more reliable test of kidney function. Renal biopsy is the best indicator of renal function

9

What can high calcium be an indicator of in female reptiles?

Ovulation or it's an indigo snake.

10

How do you treat NMBD?

Do not give Ca2+ injection. Treat by giving UVB light, a balanced diet and a lot of insects with Ca supplement (veggies or TUMS)

11

What views do you need to take in a turtle to Dx pneumonia?

Lateral, DV, AP. Keep lungs on top. Move head of radio, not the turtle.

12

Steps to treating a shell fracture?

Avoid the lungs → treat with saline, not betadine or chorahex. Fiberglass and epoxy. Do not seal closed.

13

What are the heat/humidity requirements of Amph vs. Rept?

Amph- Can't tolerate high heat or low humidity. Temp: 65-84. Humidity: 7\60-90%. Reptile- Temp: 70-95. Humidity: 30-90%

14

All adult amphibians are what?

Carnivores. (Tadpoles eat anything)

15

What should you never give to a sick reptile?

LRS → acidemia.

16

Most common way to get fluid into a reptile in an emergency?

intrachoelomic- lungs are up high, so be careful. Draw back before you give.

17

Why should you never feed a dehydrated reptile?

A/D. It has too much purine → increased uric acid → gout

18

What occurs in re-feeding syndrome when too many calories are provided?

starved animals have low phos and K. Admin of glucose → K follows glucose into cells –> hypokalemia. Start with 50% calories over 24hrs

19

What medication do you never give to choelonia? What can you use instead?

Ivermectin = neurotoxin. (indigo, king snakes are also sensitive) use levamisole instead.

20

How do you treat entameoba ranarum?

Metronidazole

21

What percent can you take for blood sampling in an amphibian?

1.00%

22

What is dysecdysis?

poor shedding, not a Dz

23

Reptile fluid tx?

10-20ml/kg/day

24

How do you admin fluids to a reptile?

Preferred method is intracoelomic

25

Nutritional secondary hyperparathyroidism is caused by what and leads to what?

diet deficiency in Ca2+, vit D, → negative Ca:P ratio. Lack of UVB. Young growing animal

26

What rept. / amph does not get nutritional hyperparathyroidism?

snakes (whole prey diet)

27

When talking about nebulization, what is important to remember about reptiles?

no diaphragm! → can't cough → accumulation of stuff

28

CS of hypovitaminosis A in chelonians?

Big bulging eyes, blepharoedema. Shell falling apart/flaky

29

What anthelmintic can be used as a appetite stimulant?

metronidazole

30

What part of your routine ocular exam will you not do in snakes or geckos?

check the palpebral reflex. No eyelids.