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Flashcards in Important Terms/people Deck (16)
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1

Absolute monarch

A person who rules alone with unlimited power over the country

2

Bill of rights

A contract signed by Mary and William of orange. It made it clear that the parliament was the real government of the countryside

3

Civil war

A war within a country

4

Cavaliers

Charles supporters. The word was taken from the french chavalier meaning knight.

5

Constitutional Monarchy

A monarchy in which the monarch rules according to the constitution and laws of the nation

6

Democracy

A government that is controlled by the people who live under it

7

Magna Carta

The great Charter which guaranteed the English people certain civil rights

8

Republic

A country without a monarch

9

Ship money

In earlier times, coastal towns had to supply the kind with ships, or their value in money. Charles I made all towns and landowners pay ship money.

10

Tunnage and poundage

A customs duty or tax collected on the tons and pounds of goods coming into or leaving the country

11

Court of star chamber

A royal court which people had no legal rights

12

Presbyterian

A Protestant church governed by presbyters(elders)

13

Test act

An act forbidding anyone except members of the Church of England for holding political office or entering the professions

14

The divine right of kings

The word divine means "coming from God". The Stewart's believed that their powers as ruler came from God and that he was the representative of God on earth. Since his powers came from God, his decisions could not be questioned

15

Puritans

A very large and powerful group among the defending Protestants

16

Protestant

Any Christian not belonging to the Roman Catholic or orthodox Eastern church