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Flashcards in Impressionism to art after 1950 Deck (94)
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1

CLAUDE MONET, Rouen Cathedral: the Portal

2

series

many paintings exploring the same theme over period of time

3

pointillism

colours are systematically applied in small dots, producing a vibrant surface

4

lithography

printmaking process inwhich a flat stone, previously marked witha greasy substance that retains ink, ischarged with ink, placed against paper,and run through a press

5

expressionists

communicates strong personal & emotional feelings to viewer

6

primitive

art produced by untrained or naïve artists

7

EDGAR DEGAS, The Absinthe Drinker

8

AUGUSTE RODIN, The Thinker

9

GEORGES SEURAT, A Sunday on La Grande Jatte

10

PAUL CEZANNE, Mont Sainte-Victoire

11

VINCENT VAN GOGH, The Starry Night

12

EDVARD MUNCH, The Scream

13

HENRI ROUSSEAU, The Sleeping Gypsy

14


Early Expressionism


• some European painters began to express theirpersonal dissatisfaction with contemporaryurban life

• triggers the beginnings of Expressionism
 

15

Post-Impressionism

• this term was used to describe a major change in the 1880’s& 1890’s; a variety of unique styles develop

• artists combined colour & light theory of Impressionismwith traditional design & composition concerns

• artists were often critical of society & its ills and were nolonger interested in recording fleeting/spontaneous moments

• 2 main directions emerged:

a) interest in form and design (Cézanne & Seurat)

b) emphasis on personal and emotional expression(Van Gogh & Gauguin)

16

Impressionism

• during the 2nd half of 1800’s; style began in France as areaction to realism & academic traditions

• revolutionized art; fascinated with the effect of light oncolour/surfaces (light & colour as subject matter)

• painters worked outdoors; tried to record fleetingimpressions of nature at different times of the day

• paint was applied in small brightly coloured dabs orstrokes, which lack firm outline

17

Optical mixing

Impressionist technique; the viewers eyes blend juxtaposed dabs of colour from a distance

18

avant-garde

any contemporary stylerepresenting a new form of visualexpression

19

EXPRESSIONISM

 

-artists expressed their emotional attitudetoward the world and themselves in symbolicand/or personal ways

20


Fauvism
 

-artists were called fauves (“wild beasts”) by critics-their art incorporated flat abstract forms, distortedperspective, and intense clashing colours
 

21

HENRI MATISSE, The Red Studio

22

German Expressionism

-artists used distorted forms and vivid colours-2 main groups emerged: Die Brücke & Der Blaue Reite

23

PAULA MODERSOHN-BECKER, Old Peasant Woman Praying

24


Die Brücke (The Bridge)
 

-style lasted from 1905-1913-artists were figurative expressionists; they distorted figures andused violent colours to protest the conditions prior to WWI
 

25

EMIL NOLDE, Masks

26


Der Blaue Reiter (The Blue Rider)


-style lasted from 1911-1912-artists were abstract expressionists; they simplified andabstracted shapes until the subject was almost unrecognizable
 

27


Expressionism in the Americas
 

-artists created social statements about thestruggles of common people
 

28

DIEGO RIVERA, Liberation of the Peon

29


ABSTRACT ART

 

-artists are concerned with composition/designand how the various parts relate instead ofexpressing feelings

30


Cubism


-this style was invented by Picasso and Braque-the primary concerns were design and abstraction-2 phases: the first was Analytic Cubism and thesecond was Synthetic Cubism