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Flashcards in INCLASS-Government Facts-Northumberland Deck (41):
1

Who enforced stricter methods of accounting?

Winchester

2

What was established to enquire into the state of finances?

a commission

3

What was a privy coffer?

this was an emergency household fund

4

Although Northumberland aimed to reduce expenditure what was unrealistic to expect?

for a mid sixteenth century king to "live within his means"

5

Who did Northumberland appoint to the task of reforming finances in feb 1550?

William Paulet, the Marquis of Winchester

6

What role was given to William Paulet, the Marquis of Winchester in feb 1550

Lord treasurer

7

Bologonge was returned to France for how much?

£133,333

8

What saw drastic reduction under crown finance?

military and household expenditure

9

What did debts in 1550 stand at in comparison to £180,000 in 1553?

£300,000

10

What did debts in 1553 stand at in comparison to £300,000 in 1550?

£180,000

11

What was a disadvantage and advantage of selling crown lands and Chantry lands?

this raised £200,000 but weakened crown finance in the long term

12

How much extra ordinary parliamentary finance did Northumberland raise?

£336,000

13

How much in debts did Northumberland manage to claw back?

£16,000

14

What were 4 methods used by northumberland to increase crown finance?

-sale of Crown and Chantry lands
-extraordinary finance
-debts claimed back
-borrowed from Europe

15

What markets had the crown borrowed money from, which later they had to return after a collapse?

Antwerp markets

16

Who did Northumberland authorise to pay off royal debts whom did a very good job?

Sir Thomas Gresham

17

Sir Thomas Gresham was appointed to pay off royal debts and did a very good job and managed to renegotiate the loans at a reasonable ___% rate?

12%

18

What skill from Sir Thomas Gresham benefitted the crown?

his skill at keeping the exchange rate up on English currency

19

Why did Northumberland introduce new Treason Laws in 1550?

in order to keep control by traditional means in order to prevent the 1549 uprisings

20

What did the new Treason Laws 1550 reinstate?

censorship

21

Northumberland as well as the treason laws used the nobility to maintain social order, how did he do this?

through using trusted nobles to keep order using their retainers

22

IN what year did Northumberland's government take action to control stocks of grain in order to relieve the crisis caused by the successive harvest failures?

1551

23

What policy did Northumberland not continue from Somerset?

his anti-enclosure policy

24

What tax did Northumberland repeal in 1550?

the sheep tax

25

Instead of attempting new measures to stop enclosures what did Northumberland do which was accepted by the nobles and was rarely enforced?

he enforced existing anti enclosures legislation

26

What act was repealed under Northumberland?

Vagrancy Act of 1547

27

What were issued in 1550 in order to reduce the value of the coinage and 1551 to end debasement?

proclamations

28

What year were proclamations issued in order to reduce the value of coinage?

1550

29

Why was proclamations to end of debasement not until 1551?

as Northumberland needed cash to try to offset Crown's debt issues

30

What year did Northumberland fix the silver content in the coins to the level it had been in 1527?

1552

31

What did Northumberland do in 1552?

he fixed the silver content in the coins to the level it had been in 1527

32

What caused further economic problems especially in the cloth trade in 1551-52?

the Antwerp market

33

In order for his own political survival what did Northumberland do?

he extended the use of the privy council

34

What have revisionists said about Northumberland in regards to the extended use of the Privy Council?

that his political genius lay in his ability to recognise that his own political survival depended on his control of the council

35

What did Northumberland make himself so that he could have the power to fix the agendas of the meetings and bar councillors who may have opposed him?

Lord President of the Council

36

What did Northumberland's self appointed role as Lord President of the Council allow him to do?

it allowed him to fix the agendas of the meeting and to bar councillors who may have opposed him

37

What has historian Dale Hoak his reform of the Privy Council marked?

marked the revival of government that had not really been held since the reformation

38

Who said that the reform of the Privy Council marked the revival of government that had not really been held since the reformation

Dale Hoak- historian

39

At first, what was Northumberland's style of government driven by?

the need for self preservation as he was a the heart of the plot to remove Somerset

40

What position did Northumberland give his ally Sir John Gates?

vice chamberlain

41

What did Sir John Gates' position as Vice Chamberlain allow him to do?

to control the dry stamp