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Flashcards in increase/decrease Deck (46)
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0

[increase/decrease]

Cardiac output

increase

1

[increase/decrease]

Heart rate

increase

2

[increase/decrease]

pulse rate

increase

3

[increase/decrease]

volume

increase

4

[increase/decrease]

systemic vascular resistance

decrease

5

T/F increase in CO is due to increase in SVR

F; dec in SVR + inc HR

6

observable changes in cardiac sounds during pregnancy are the ff. EXCEPT

a. loud splitting s1
b. loud s2
c. loud s3
d. systolic murmur

b; no change

7

[increase/decrease]

left aterial diameter, left ventricular end-diastolic diameter

T/F

in pregnancy, there is augmented preload

8

when does CO peak? why?

28-32 wks; due to increased SV

9

[increase/decrease]

pulmonary capillary wedge pressure

no change

10

[increase/decrease]

central venous pressure

no change

11

T/F pregnancy is a continuous high output state

F

12

[increase/decrease]

colloid osmotic pressure and pulmonary wedge pressure gradient

decrease

13

[increase/decrease]

diastolic pressure

decrease

14

[increase/decrease]

systolic pressure

decrease; diastolic dec more

15

[increase/decrease]

prostaglandins

increased late in pregnancy

16

diaphragm elevation is by how much?

4cm

17

[increase/decrease]

vital capacity

no change

18

[increase/decrease]

residual vol

decrease

19

[increase/decrease]

diaphragmatic excursion

decrease

20

transverse diameter increases by how much

2cm

21

Thoracic circumference increase by how much?

6cm

22

[increase/decrease]

respiratory rate

inc

23

[increase/decrease]

tidal vol

inc

24

[increase/decrease]

minute oxygen uptake

inc

25

[increase/decrease]

total lung capacity

dec

26

[increase/decrease]

minute ventilatory vol

inc

27

[increase/decrease]

FRC

dec

28

[increase/decrease]

ERV

dec

29

[increase/decrease]

airway conductance

inc

30

[increase/decrease]

alveolar ventilation

inc

31

[increase/decrease]

total pulmonary resistance

dec

32

[increase/decrease]

inspiratory capacity

dec

33

[increase/decrease]

kidney size

inc by 1-1.5cm

34

[increase/decrease]

RBF

inc 80%

35

[increase/decrease]

GFR

inc 40-50%

36

[increase/decrease]

serum creatinine

dec 0.7-0.5

37

[increase/decrease]

creatinine clearance

inc

38

[increase/decrease]

BUN

dec

39

[increase/decrease]

Uric acid

dec

40

physiological hydronephrosis occurs to how much of pregnant women?

80%

41

[increase/decrease]

vasopressin release

decrease

42

[increase/decrease]

thirst osmotic threshold

dec

43

[increase/decrease]

bicarbonate threshold

dec

44

[increase/decrease]

PCO2

dec 10mmHg

45

[increase/decrease]

intrautreteral tone and pressure

inc