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Flashcards in India Deck (49)
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1

Where is India?

Between middle and South East Asia

2

What is economic liberalisation?

The Indian government used to decide which industries produced what and where. Now, companies can decide these factors for themselves so they can earn the most profits.

3

What year did India change to a market economy?

1991

4

How has economic liberalisation helped India develop?

Indian workers are paid less than in other places therefore companies will be encouraged to set up business there.

5

How has investment I educations helped India develop?

More children are going to school therefore, the literacy rate has increased so the unemployment rates are dropping.

6

How has tourism helped India develop?

Tourism increases India's GDP because tourists spend money.

7

How have TNC's helped India develop?

They bring FDI (money that they've made) into the country which contribute to the country's income

8

What type of country is India?

An emerging country

9

What political groups is India a part of?

G20, Commonwealth and UN

10

What is India's most famous river and what is it known as?

The River Ganges, India's mother

11

Which countries does India share international borders with?

Pakistan, Nepal, China, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Myanmar

12

What landscapes does India have?

Himalayas in the North and Thar Desert in the West

13

Why is the monsoon so important to India?

It brings rain, vital for the water supply and farming

14

What is India's main languages?

Hindi and English

15

How many languages does India have in total?

1500

16

What are the most common religions?

Hindu, Christianity, Sikhism and Muslim

17

What % of people in India are Hindu?

78%

18

What % of people in India are Christian?

25%

19

What % of people in India are Sikh?

2%

20

What % of people in India are Muslim?

15%

21

What is the caste system?

Aspects decided at birth which determine your social status, depending on whom your parents are

22

What type of political system does India have?

A parliamentary democracy

23

How many people were registered to vote in 2015?

672 million

24

What is the population of India?

1.25 billion

25

How is India's population distributed?

densely populated in the North - approximately 500 people per square kilometer. Sparsely populated in central India due to lack of rainfall.

26

How much of India's population live in 6 states?

50%

27

What is the Indian diaspora?

The number of Indians living abroad

28

How has India's geographical location helped it to develop?

It has a large coastline, making trade easier, It borders other developed countries so it can get commodities from them.

29

What will help India develop?

Its geographical location gives it easy access to markets and rain from monsoon gives food security.

30

What will hold India back?

caste system discriminates people, keeping them poor - 40 million people live in slums.

31

What will give India opportunities?

Its membership of political groups could help it gain political influence

32

What is a threat to India's development?

Potential conflict with Pakistan.

33

How has India's government policy influenced growth?

They have chosen to liberise the economy and invest in education, transport and communications.

34

How had globalisation influenced growth in India?

India has become increasingly connected with the rest of the world via TNC's, outsourcing and tourism.

35

How much has India's literacy rate increased since 1991?

from 50% to 74% in 2014

36

How much has India's infant mortality rate fallen since 1991?

over 50% - was 89 in 1000 and only 43.2 in 1000 in 2014

37

How much has time spent in school increased since 1991?

2.4 years to 12 years in 2014

38

What had happened to India's fertility rate since 1991?

It has fallen from 4.0 to 2.5 in 2014

39

What is the mean average of India's GDP per capita?

US$1627

40

Where is the source of the River Ganges?

The Himalayas

41

Why is the River Ganges referred to as sacred?

The Hindus believe the river is a Goddess

42

What is India's most scared city called?

Varanasi

43

How many people are cremated in Varanasi each year?

100,000

44

What % of water is treated before entering the Ganges?

20%

45

How many premature deaths was air pollution responsible for in India in 2013?

586,788

46

In the last decade, how much have vehicle sales exceeded?

by 7.2%

47

How much have India's level of foreign exchange reserves grown since 1950?

from $2 billion to $300 billion

48

India is one of the BRICS, name the four other BRICS

Brazil, Russia, China and South Africa

49

What bank did the BRICS set up in 2015?

The New Development Bank