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Flashcards in Indian Independence, 1947 Deck (32):
1

What did the Prime Minister Attlee propose?

end the British presence in India

2

Where did India's Independence negotiations begin?

Simla Conference

3

Who moderated the discussions between the Muslim League and the Indian National Congress?

Viceroy, Lord Wavell

4

The British favored whose recommendations for a free India

Muslim League

5

Who represented the Indian National Congress in Simla?

Jawaharlal Nehru

6

What was Nehru hoping to achieve?

an independent India based on Socialism and Secular views

7

What does "secular" mean?

non-religious

8

Who represented the Muslim League in Simla?

Jinnah

9

Jinnah pushed the two nation theory which is...

Hindus and Muslims should have their own country

10

Was the Simla conference successful?

no

11

Since the Simla was not successful what did the British decide to do?

hold elections and transfer governmental power to the winning party

12

Who won the election between Muslim League and Indian National Congress?

Indian National Congress with 707 seats

13

How many seats did the Muslim League win in the election?

106

14

Were the Indian National Congress and Muslim League able to reach compromise?

no

15

The cabinet mission divided up India into groups A, B and C, describe these groups

a. Group A= Hindu majority states
b. Group B= Muslim majority of Punjab, Sind, Baluchistan, and the Northwest Frontier
c. Group C= Eastern Muslim majorities in Bengal

16

The Cabinet Mission decreed what?

groups would have equal say in government

17

In response to the rejection of the Cabinet Mission what did Jinnah do?

declared a massive protest called Direct Action Day

18

What did the Direct Action Day cause?

violence between Muslims and Hindus in Bengal and Bihar

19

Who did the Prime Minister send to lead the Congress and League to settle their differences

Lord Louis Mountbatten

20

What were the two options of Independence did Mountbatten offer?

a. Undivided India with no Muslim power in central government
b. creation of separate nations of Pakistan and India

21

Pakistan would be where?

east and west of Hindu India

22

When did India and Pakistan gain their Independence?

AUGUST 1947!!!!!!!

23

the division of India and Pakistan is known as what?

the PARTITION

24

What was agreed in the Partition?

religious populations would not be forced off their lands

25

Did Hindus in Pakistan leave for India?

yes

26

Did Muslims in India leave for Pakistan?

yes

27

Why did Muslims and Hindus leave either India or Pakistan?

fear of losing their religious rights

28

What happened when the great migration began?

widespread violence

29

Who was sent from Great Britain to draw the line between India and Pakistan?

Cyril Radcliffe

30

How many people migrated to the different borders of Pakistan if India?

one million

31

Who was the most vulnerable during the religious riots?

women, kidnapped from their families and forced to lie in a new place

32

Name the new British Prime Minister elected in 1945

Clement Attlee