Flashcards in Indian Independence, 1947 Deck (32):
What did the Prime Minister Attlee propose?
end the British presence in India
Where did India's Independence negotiations begin?
Who moderated the discussions between the Muslim League and the Indian National Congress?
Viceroy, Lord Wavell
The British favored whose recommendations for a free India
Who represented the Indian National Congress in Simla?
What was Nehru hoping to achieve?
an independent India based on Socialism and Secular views
What does "secular" mean?
Who represented the Muslim League in Simla?
Jinnah pushed the two nation theory which is...
Hindus and Muslims should have their own country
Was the Simla conference successful?
Since the Simla was not successful what did the British decide to do?
hold elections and transfer governmental power to the winning party
Who won the election between Muslim League and Indian National Congress?
Indian National Congress with 707 seats
How many seats did the Muslim League win in the election?
Were the Indian National Congress and Muslim League able to reach compromise?
The cabinet mission divided up India into groups A, B and C, describe these groups
a. Group A= Hindu majority states
b. Group B= Muslim majority of Punjab, Sind, Baluchistan, and the Northwest Frontier
c. Group C= Eastern Muslim majorities in Bengal
The Cabinet Mission decreed what?
groups would have equal say in government
In response to the rejection of the Cabinet Mission what did Jinnah do?
declared a massive protest called Direct Action Day
What did the Direct Action Day cause?
violence between Muslims and Hindus in Bengal and Bihar
Who did the Prime Minister send to lead the Congress and League to settle their differences
Lord Louis Mountbatten
What were the two options of Independence did Mountbatten offer?
a. Undivided India with no Muslim power in central government
b. creation of separate nations of Pakistan and India
Pakistan would be where?
east and west of Hindu India
When did India and Pakistan gain their Independence?
the division of India and Pakistan is known as what?
What was agreed in the Partition?
religious populations would not be forced off their lands
Did Hindus in Pakistan leave for India?
Did Muslims in India leave for Pakistan?
Why did Muslims and Hindus leave either India or Pakistan?
fear of losing their religious rights
What happened when the great migration began?
Who was sent from Great Britain to draw the line between India and Pakistan?
How many people migrated to the different borders of Pakistan if India?
Who was the most vulnerable during the religious riots?
women, kidnapped from their families and forced to lie in a new place