Flashcards in The British Establish Authority Deck (54):
How did the British gain authority of Bombay?
it was part of Portuguese Princess Catherine's dowry in her wedding with English King Charles
Which trade did the Dutch dominate?
Which trade did the British dominate?
By the 18th century the East India Company moved their textile trade from Surat to....
Calcutta in Bengal
What did the British do to compete directly with the Mughal Empire Authority?
minted and used their own coins
The British would lend money to the powerful local Indian elites, and exchange land and loyalty. What did this create?
the Indians became indebted to the British
Describe how Siraj-ud-Daula (1733-1757) dealt with the British
a. He was the ruling Nawab in Bengal
b. Not much supported by local Indian Elites and businessmen
c. Threatened by growing British influence and power
d. Frustrated with British military asserting authority over local leaders and businessmen
e. Attacked the British at Calcutta and imprisoned 40 English residents
f. The 40 people suffocated to death
Which British general was sent to punish Siraj-ud-Daula?
How did the British defeat Siraj-ud-Daula at the Battle of Plassey?
British bribed the Indian troops to flee the battlefield
After everyone the British came to see Indians as what?
cruel and barbaric
Who became a puppet of the British empire after Siraj-ud-Daula?
Why did the British remove Mir Jafar?
he did not give them enough land money and power
The British then removed Mir Qasim at which battle?
Battle if Buxar; 1764
What does the Battle of Plassey represent?
when the British presence in India shifted from trade to complete rule
In this agreement the Mughals handed the territories of Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa over to the East India Company
Treaty of Allahabad
What did the British receive from the Treaty of Allahabad?
the British collected taxes, govern over the entire region
The British established British generals as what?
What was the official language of the Mughal Empire even though very few spoke it
The majority of profits made in India were sent where?
What was the term for Indian men who worked for the British military?
Who was the Governor of India after being expelled from the colonies in the US?
The EIC state set up the rate of land revenue taxation at a permanent fixed income, what is this called?
What is Zamindar?
landlords supported by the British government
What was the great impact on the land revenue system?
landlords punished peasants who did not bring in enough crops to be sold
Until the 19th century British only controlled what part of India?
Which country did the British NOT control in southern India?
Who was the leader of Mysore?
What year did the British finally defeat Tipu Sultan and Mysore?
How many wars did the British fight with Tipu Sultan before finally taking over Mysore?
What did the subsidiary alliance enable the EIC?
have a British military presence and rule of the city
This forced the Marathas Chieftains to submit to subsidiary alliance
Treaty of Bassein of 1802
For a small fee what did the EIC promise to provide for a city?
The EIC attempted to conquer which country in the Northwest?
Which two countries did the EIC conquer?
Singapore and Myanmar
The EIC made a treaty with a Hindu king, Gulab Singh in what treaty?
Treaty of amritsar
What did the treaty of Amritsar say?
Gulab Singh ruled over the Kashmir valley with a majority Muslim population
Indian States that were under indirect rule by the British were known as.....
Who came to India in 1848 with the intention to unite the rule of the British?
What was the general tradition when a king did not have a son to give his land to?
He adopted a son from a close family relative or friend
What did the Doctrine of Lapse say?
Any state that ruler did not have a son to give his land to he forfeits his land to British rule when they died
How many large states were annexed into British India because the Doctrine of Lapse?
3 large states
What did the British Raj demand if the peasants to grow that caused lack of food and starvation?
As the Industrial Revolution came textiles became less popular, what four materials came into high demand?
sugar, timber, grain and rice
What was the mist important contribution of the British colonial area?
Indian Railway System
What did General Dalhousie have built?
canal from the Ganges River
What did the Ganges River Canal do for the people of India?
expanded agriculture by bringing water to fertilize soil
How many miles was the canal from the Ganges River?
What environment problem did the Ganges River Canal bring?
Who led the Bengali peasant workers in a revolt against the zamindars?
Describe 3 reasons why the railway was the most important British contribution
a. Move raw materials from one city to another for manufacturing or shipment
b. British's ability to rule and exert power easily
c. Troops were able to reach almost any part of the country within a day
What did the peasants refuse to do during the revolt led by Haji Sahariatullah?
refused to pay fees to landowners for Hindu religious services
Where did the Blue Mutiny (1859-1860) happen?
Why did the Blue Mutiny happen?
a. British demanding the peasants cultivate indigo
b. Indigo is not an edible crop that could support families