Individual Differences Flashcards
Big Five Personality Traits**
McCrae and Costa’s taxonomy of five composite personality traits to summarize dozens of traits studied earlier.
- Neuroticism/Emotional Resilience
Individual capacities to understand, reason, plan, visualize, apply knowledge and solve problems(component of intelligence).
Individual capacity of correctly performing specific work procedures and/or accomplishing certain results.
Individual’s personal appraisals of his/her overall worth and capability, consisting of self-esteem, generalized self-efficacy, internal locus of control, and emotional stability.
Capacities for recognizing feelings in oneself and others, and managing them effectively in relationships, and maintaining self-motivation.
Core self-evaluations example
George scored high on the CSE, indicating a high opinion of himself and his calmness, influence over his life, and capacity to accomplish what he tries to do.
Individual’s general mental ability or capacity for and speed of acquiring and applying knowledge and skill and adapting to environments.
Relatively enduring individual habits and preferences that recur in many different circumstances.
Self-Efficacy* - Bandura, 1997
“Belief that one can achieve what one sets out to do.”
- 2 types: Generalized and task/work
- Correlates +/-.19 with job performance.
- Correlates +/- .38 with job satisfaction.
- Studied as both a learned self-perception and as a personality trait.
George has an extraverted personality, enjoys being with people, and rarely spends time alone.
Belief in personal capacity to succeed, similar to optimism.
Confidence in personal capacity to do a particular work/task.