Industrial Period 1700-1900 Flashcards Preview

History Of Medicine - GCSE > Industrial Period 1700-1900 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Industrial Period 1700-1900 Deck (120)
Loading flashcards...
1

What were the 5 killer diseases in this time period

Cholera, TB, Diphtheria, Smallpox, Typhoid

2

What is cholera

- Spread through bacteria in food and water from sewage
- Symptoms are severe sickness, diarrhoea
- Sufferer dies of starvation within 24 hours
- 2/3 people died

3

What is Tuberculosis (TB)

- Spread through droplets when coughing/sneezing
- Symptoms are severe coughing, chest/weight pain
- 1/2 people died

4

What is Diphtheria

- Spread through droplets when coughing/sneezing
- Symptoms are bleeding, paralysis, suffocation
- 1/10 people died

5

What is Smallpox

- Spread through droplets when coughing/sneezing
- Symptoms are rash with blisters, infection
- 1/10 people died

6

What is Typhoid

- Spread through bacteria in food and water from sewage
- symptoms are headache, fever, constipation
- 1/3 people died

7

When was Edward Jenner born

1749

8

who was Edward Jenner

invented the first vaccine

9

what disease did Edward Jenner's vaccine prevent

Smallpox

10

How did milkmaids influence Edward Jenner's vaccine

he was fascinated how milkmaids never received smallpox but instead received cowpox

11

what is inoculation

inoculation gives the child a mild version of the disease which they could still die from

12

why was getting an inoculation rare for a child

only rich people could afford it

13

What hospital did Edward Jenner work in before working as a GP

St George's Hospital

14

Where did Edward Jenner work as a GP

Gloucestershire

15

What year did Edward Jenner test his theory

1796

16

What was the boy called that Edward Jenner tested his theory on

James Phipps

17

What was the theory that Edward Jenner came up with

by giving somebody cowpox, they wouldn't be able to receive smallpox

18

what was cowpox

a similar but less deadly disease to contagious diseases such as smallpox

19

what was the name of the cow that Edward Jenner used to give James Phipps cowpox

blossom

20

Why could nobody use Edward Jenner's vaccine to create more vaccines

because there was no scientific evidence and the correlation between cowpox and smallpox was seen as unique

21

Why did people oppose Jenner's discovery

- it was seen as dangerous and giving a person an animal disease (cowpox) was wrong
- people thought they'd become cows
- doctors lost money as inoculations costed money but vaccines became free

22

what happened to Edward Jenner in 1798

the Royal Society refused to publish his ideas so he wrote them in his own book

23

what was the name of Edward Jenner's book

An enquiry into the causes and effects of the Variola Vaccinae

24

How many people had been vaccinated worldwide by 1800

100,000 people

25

When was the Royal Jennerian Society set up

1802

26

what was the purpose of the Royal Jennerian Society being set up

to promote vaccines

27

How many people had been vaccinated in Britain in 1804

12,000 people

28

When did the government buy vaccinations

1840

29

when were vaccines made compulsory

1852

30

When was Smallpox announced extinct

1979