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Flashcards in Industrial Revolution-Long Term Effects Deck (14)
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It reduced costs of labor and therefore when people bought the product. The long term effect was that if something new is invented lots of people can have it because when it is mass produced it does not cost as much to buy.

Eli Whitney invented mass production, where there was a large production of identical goods.


It was easier to sew on any part of the piece of project. It allowed clothes and fabrics to be sewn quicker and more efficient.

Isaac Singer Singer improved the sewing machine by allowing continuous and curved stitching. Also an "overhanging arm holding the needle bar over a horizontal table"


An advantage was that now girls could help support their families. It's long terms effects were that when the working conditions got bad and they fought back it made them feel stronger so it eventually lead to women being able to vote.

Francis Cabot Lowell developed the Lowell system, Lowell hired and paid young farm girls to work in the mills.


It allowed an efficient energy source for the spinning frame. The long term effect was now that thing could be water powered the mills were invented.

Richard Arkwright's water frame was a spinning frame modified to be powered by water instead of animals.


It's advantages over the animal driven mills was that animals need food and water and they tire out. Its long term effect was that people made more inventions that were water powered.

Samuel Slater established first textile mill, it uses the water source to turn the big main wheel which turn the smaller gears and shafts inside which works the rows of machinery.


It attempted to help improve the conditions and pay of the girls who worked in the mills. Where before, if they needed board, about a third of their pay was used for it and most of the remaining was sent home to their family. The long term effect was that it sparked the protests for women's right to vote,

Sarah Bagley, she organized the Lowell Female Labor Reform Association. It was an association designed to help improve women's work conditions and shorten their work days.


It transported a lot of people and was powered by steam instead of oars. It was quick, cheap, and easier to go upriver. The long term effect was that it helped inspire new steam powered inventions.

Robert Fulton invented steamboats. The steamboat typically went 7-8 mph. The first one was named Clermont, its first trip was from New York City to Albany.


While others had failed, this design had all the needed parts for grain cutting. In long term this was used for more efficient farming, by reducing the hours needed to plow the fields.

Cyrus McCormick, invented the mechanical reaper. The machine had of a cutting blade, a reel, and a platform. It was used to cut grain.


Other models were not as efficient in their self-sufficiency. In long term, it reduced travel times, and allowed the goods to flow within America.

Peter Cooper's steam locomotive was self-sufficient because it carried its own water and coal, oil, or wood for heating up the broiler.


People could receive and send messages without having to wait months for a reply. In the long term it inspired the telephone.

Samuel F. B. Morse invented the electric telegraph. The electric telegraph allowed morse code to be tapped out and sent over wires, the receiver decoded it and gave the message to the person who it was intended for.


It kept soil from being stuck to it. Later the John Deere company became a big farmings equipment company.

John Deere's steel plow was used to break up tough soil, and it was pulled by horses and controlled from the back. Made from steel rather than iron.


They did not have to make 26 different kinds of taps to make 26 letters, only (not including space and numbers) 26 different combinations of 2 kinds of taps. Long term, it provided a efficient way to communicate, even after the telegraph was no longer used the military used it for communication.

Alfred Lewis Vail developed morse code. Vail and Morse developed this code made of dots (short tap) and dashes (long tap) while inventing the telegraph. It was the code used to communicate with the telegraph.


An advantage was that the families could earn more money with everyone pitching in to help. The long term effect was the assembly line, where each person does one thing and then sends the product to the next person.

Samuel Slater utilized the Rhode Island System, it was where whole families (including children) worked in the surrounding mills, large tasks were divided up into smaller ones.


It reduced costs of labor and therefore when people bought the product. The long term effect was that if something new is invented lots of people can have it because when it is mass produced it does not cost as much to buy.

Eli Whitney invented interchangeable parts, it was where parts of a gun were made identical so that if any parts were broken or misplaced the individual piece could be replaced instead of buying a whole new gun.