Infection Flashcards Preview

Maddie’s Semester Two > Infection > Flashcards

Flashcards in Infection Deck (77)
Loading flashcards...
1

Define sepsis. (3)

A dysregulated host response to infection that causes life threatening organ dysfunction.

2

Describe 4 features of a seriously ill patient that would make you more likely to suspect sepsis. (4)

Age < 1 year.
Impaired immunity
Recent surgery / trauma / skin breaks
Indwelling lines / catheters / devices.

3

Describe the sepsis 6 for paediatric patients. (7)

Give high flow oxygen
Take blood cultures (get IV or IO access)
Give IV antibiotics
CONSIDER IV fluids based on lactate
Involve senior clinicians early
Consider inotropic support

4

Give six characteristics of a child that would cause minor concern, and result in an EWS score of 1. (6)

Audible wheeze
Mild costal recession
Long term steroids
Diabetes
Ex-premie
Any syndromic condition

5

Give four characteristics of a child that would cause major concern, and result in an EWS score of 2. (4)

Stridor
Severe costal recession
Oncology patient
Congenital heart disease

6

Name three physical barriers to infection. (3)

Skin
Mucous membranes
Bronchial cilia

7

Name three physiological barriers to infection. (3)

Diarrhoea
Vomiting
Coughing

8

Name two chemical barriers to infection. (2)

Low pH (vagina, stomach)
Antimicrobial agents

9

Name three features of normal flora that help to fight infection. (3)

Competition for nutrition
Production of antimicrobials
Synthesis of vitamins

10

Staph aureus

Gram positive cocci

11

Staph epidermis

Gram positive cocci

12

Strep pneumoniae

Gram positive cocci

13

Strep pyogenes

Gram positive cocci

14

Enterococci faecalis

Gram positive cocci

15

Gram positive cocci found normally on the skin, that can also be highly penicillin resistant.

Staph aureus

16

A coagulate negative cocci that is gram positive.

Staph epidermis

17

Alpha haemolytic cocci that is gram positive.

Strep pneumoniae

18

Beta haemolytic cocci that is gram positive.

Strep pyogenes

19

Listeria monocytogenes

Gram positive bacilli

20

Bacillus antracis

Gram positive bacilli

21

Clostridium difficile

Gram positive bacilli

22

Gram positive bacilli that can cause listeriosis.

Listeria monocytogenes.

23

Gram positive bacilli that is developed from cattle, also known as anthrax.

Bacillus antracis

24

Gram positive bacilli that is spore-forming.

Clostridium difficile

25

Two antibiotic classes used to treat gram positive cocci.

Penicillins
Carbopenems

26

Two antibiotic classes used to treat gram negative cocci.

Cephalosporin
Quinolone

27

Neisseria meningitidis

Gram negative cocci

28

Neisseria gonorrhoea

Gram negative cocci

29

Acinetobacter baumannii

Gram negative cocci

30

Gram negative cocci that can cause meningitis.

Neisseria meningitidis