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Foundational Skills for Clinic > Infection Control and Safety > Flashcards

Flashcards in Infection Control and Safety Deck (73)
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1

Regulations & Guidelines

§Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA)
§Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC)
§American Dental Association (ADA)
§Texas Department of State Health Services (DHSH)
§Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ)

2

Training Requirements

3

Bloodborne Pathogens OSHA 1910.1030 

4

Bloodborne Pathogens (BBP)

5

Body fluids that can harbor BBP:

§Blood
§Semen and vaginal secretions
§Saliva involved in dental procedures
§Synovial fluid
§Cerebrospinal fluid
§Human tissue and cell cultures
§All body fluids containing blood

6

Occupational Exposure*

7

Why Is Infection Control Important in Dentistry? 

8

Potential Routes of Transmission

9

GOAL:  Break the Chain of Infection 

10

Preventive Measures

11

Engineering Controls

12

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

13

Clinic Gown

14

Clinic policy states, “Clinic gowns are not to be worn outside of the clinic.”   

§This includes:
§Offices
§Stairwells
§Food service areas
§Non-clinical areas
§Waiting areas
§
§

15

When working in a clinical dental laboratory:

n

16

Nitrile gloves are available to be worn when treating nonsurgical patients.

17

Surgical Gloves – LATEX FREE

Sterile disposable gloves must be worn during all  surgical procedures.

18

HEAVY DUTY Utility Gloves

19

PROPER FOOTWEAR 

  CLINIC POLICY - Clean, leather, leather-like or heavy-duty fabric, closed toe shoes, with hose or socks must be worn at all times.


These shoes may not be worn in clinics

20

Masks

Masks must be worn to protect:

§Face
§Oral & nasal mucosa 


§Masks must be changed if they become damp
§The mask must be changed for each new patient, except for short exams!
§If a face shield is worn it must be worn at the same time as a surgical mask
§
§
Special Masks

A laser plume face mask must be worn during a laser or electrosurgery procedure!

21

22

Protective Eyewear


§Must be worn to protect from aerosol & spatter
§Regular eyewear must have side shields
§Side shields must be securely attached to the eyewear frame, abutting the lenses & free of vents or openings

23

Administrative Controls

24

Hepatitis B Vaccination

§Available at no cost to employees
§
§All health care workers must have vaccination
§
§Employees can decline vaccination, but must sign a declination statement
§
§

25

Good Work Place Practices

26

Good Work Place Practices (cont.)


§Follow SOPs
§NEVER recap needles with two hands!
§Establish & maintain clean & dirty zones
§Decontaminate work surfaces
§At start & end of procedures
§Immediately after spill
§Before removal of equipment
§Survey work area
§Note locations of all necessary equipment, waste containers, disinfectants, soaps


§Wash hands frequently, always between patients & always before leaving work area!
§DO NOT eat, drink, or apply cosmetics in the work area
§Practice proper personal hygiene for the dental clinic setting
§Label containers - hazard communication
§Chemical & biological working stocks
§Dispose of waste properly
§

27

Exposure Control Plan


§Written plan to eliminate exposure to blood & body fluids
§Exposure determination
§Plan must be accessible
§Compliance
§UTHSC-H Dental School Clinic
§https://db.uth.tmc.edu/clinical-resources/clinic-manual
§UTHSC-H Biological Safety Manual
§http://www.uth.edu/dotAsset/390565ef-163c-4c5d-9bbb-ca10dff5c6e9.pdf
§

28

Injury Prevention

29

Injury Prevention (cont.)

Burs

§Must be removed from handpiece immediately upon completion of patient treatment

Burs

§Must be removed from handpiece immediately upon completion of patient treatment

30

Recapping Anesthetic Needles