Infection Control Manual Flashcards
Who is the first point of contact for exposure notification?
Duty safety officers
What are the OSHA Standard and NFPA standard relevant to BBP?
OSHA BP Standard 29 CFR 1910.1030 and NFPA 1581
refers to levels of a disease that are normally found within a given population
in the context applied in this text, refers to the equipment that is designed to isolate or remove BBP hazard from the workplace
Interior pt care areas, both stationary and in vehicles, and other surfaces not designed for intrusive contact with the pt or contact with mucosal tissue
refers to diseases that “visit” a population, or are not in natural occurrence or amount relative to what is expected to be seen
the medical discipline that studies the prevalence and effort of disease on populations
“reasonably anticipated contact” by way of injection, ingestion, or absorption through skin, eye, mucous membrane, non-intact skin, or parenteral contact with blood or other potentially infectious materials, or inhalation of airborne pathogens, that may result from the performance of an employee’s duties
piercing of the mucous membranes or the skin barrier due to such events as needle sticks, human bites, animal bites, cuts and abrasions
The piercing of unbroken skin by needle punctures, but also refers to topical absorption through the skin
Work Practice Controls
adoption of actions that reduce the likelihood of exposure by altering the manner in which a task is performed
What are some examples of engineering controls?
- Sharps with engineered injury protection
- needless systems
- containers holding infections products made of plastic instead of glass
What are some examples of work practice controls?
- protocols that direct use of PPE
- Hand hygiene regimens
- handling of sharps by only the provider who initiates use of the device
What are the primary means of minimizing occupational exposures?
Engineering and work practice controls
How long must medical records of occupational exposure be kept for all employees?
30 years past the employee’s date of separation from that organization
How do FRD personnel make record of an exposure event?
FRD-314 Infectious Disease Exposure Report
How often shall BBP training be given?
When hired and annual refresher
What shall standard are pt care gloves certified to?
What shall a PIC kit contain?
- 2 pairs of gloves
- 2 or more N95 masks
- eye protection
- disposable sleeves
- portable barrier device for mouth to mouth
- waterless hand sanitizer
- trauma shears
When do PIC kits get inspected?
As part of monthly gear inspection
Exam gloves are considered part of the uniform and shall be kept?
Belt worn glove pouch
N95 shall be worn for the following
- Pt’s physical condition or medical hx suggests they have an airborne infectious disease
- Suspicion or confirmation of the existence of active pulmonary TB, meningitis, chicken pox, measles, whooping cough, and any other suspected illness of airborne transmission
- procedures with high risk of body fluid aerosolization to include intubation and suctioning, childbirth, cannulation and tamponading of blood vessels under abnormally high pressure and where the potential for blood or body fluid splashing or spitting exists
What changes almost every “risk” splash exposure to “non risk”?
wearing eye protection
OSHA mandates what about PPE provided to those who work in environments that could potentially contaminate the PPE with infectious soiling?
must be removed prior to leaving that workplace and that it is the responsibility of the employer to provide means to launder that PPE.
Per OSHA’s mandate for wear and laundering PPE does it matter if the PPE becomes soiled or not?
no, only whether or not the garment is worn where it could possibly become contaminated
Can uniforms worn during the work day be worn or laundered at home?
considered to be non-penetrating soiling of the outer surface layer of the fabric
considered wet soiling that soaks through the fabric
refers to large areas of the fabric soaked through all layers, and soiling with particulate matter such as vomit
Uniforms that sustain light contamination are cleaned how?
station washing machine
Uniforms that sustain heavy contamination are washed how?
Rinsed of visible soiling in the station slop sink prior to being washed in the washing machine