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Flashcards in Information Technology Deck (70)
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1

Which IT personnel roles should always be segregated?

Operators

Programmers

Librarians

2

What are the duties of a systems analyst?

Designs or purchases IT system

Responsible for flowcharts

Liaison between Users and Programmers

Note: Think IT Manager

3

What is the primary duty of a Systems Administrator?

A Systems Administrator controls database access.

4

What are the duties of a Systems Programmer?

Writes- Updates- Maintains- & Tests software- systems- and compilers

5

Which duties should a Systems Programmer NOT have?

In order to maximize internal control- a Systems Programmer should NOT have application programming duties/abilities or be an Operator on the system.

6

What are the duties of a Systems Operator?

Schedules and Monitors Jobs

Runs IT Help Desk

7

What duties should a System Operator NOT have?

For internal control purposes- they should not be a Programmer on the system.

8

If it is not possible to segregate duties in an IT System- what actions should be taken to compensate for internal control purposes?

Include Computer Logs.

Control Group should review the logs.

9

What is the purpose of a Management Information System (MIS)?

To assist with decision making.

10

What is an Accounting Information System (AIS)?

A type of Management Information System (MIS) that processes accounting transactions.

11

What are the characteristics of an Executive Information System (EIS)?

Specialized for Company Executive needs

Assists with Strategy Only

No Decision-Making Capabilities

12

What are the characteristics of an Expert System (ES)?

Computer uses reasoning

Structured

No human interpretation needed

13

What are the characteristics of a Decision Support System (DSS)?

Computer provides data

Gives Interactive Support

Human interpretation needed

14

What are the characteristics of an Ad Hoc computer report?

User initiates the report.

The report is created upon demand.

15

When are Exception reports generated?

Exception reports are produced when Edit Tests- Check Digits- or Self-Checking Digits identify a problem

16

What is a query?

A type of Ad Hoc report- initiated by a user.

17

What is End-User Computing?

The User develops and executes their own application.

18

What is the primary benefit of E-commerce?

E-commerce makes business transactions easier.

19

What are the risks of E-commerce?

Compromised data or theft.

Less paper trail for auditors.

20

What are the benefits of Electronic Data Interchange?

Uses globally-accepted standards

Efficient

21

What is a File Server?

A file server stores shared programs and documents.

22

What is the purpose of a Database?

Located on a File Server- a Database allows users to share documents.

23

What is the purpose of a LAN (Local Area Network)?

It connects computers in close proximity.

24

What is the purpose of a WAN (Wide Area Network)?

It connects computers that are far apart.

25

What are the characteristics of a VAN (Value-Added Network)?

Privately-owned Network

Serves as 3rd Party Between 2 Companies

Routes EDI Transactions

Accepts wide range of Protocols

Very Costly

26

What is the purpose of a Firewall?

Prevents unauthorized access to a network.

27

What are the characteristics of a virus?

Takes over a computer

Needs a host program to run

28

What are the characteristics of a computer worm?

Takes over multiple computers

Doesn't need a host program to run

29

What is the purpose of Automated Equipment Controls?

They prevent and detect hardware errors.

30

What is RAM?

Random Access Memory.

Internal memory in the computer used during immediate processing.