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Flashcards in Inhibitors Deck (42)
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AKA Gunkers

Ohmic inhibitors

1

Scale formation over the entire surface. Most common types: Silicates Phosphates

Precipitation inducing Inhibitors

3

AKA volatile corrosion Inhibitors Inhibitors is vaporized into a gaseous form Inhibits corrosion by making the environment alkaline

Vapor Phase Inhibitors

4

Can reduce the effectiveness of inhibitors

Bicarbonates Metal cations

5

The corrosion Investigator's first job on-site is to:

Protect all evidence

6

the Corrosion Investigator's second job on-site is to:

Collect all evidence

7

The presence of water can be confirmed in a sample by using ....

Hydrion paper

8

Which gas analysis test cannot be collected with a stain tube?

Pressure

9

A procedure that penetrates and preserves the scale, corrosion product, microbes and deposits that are present on an internally corroded pipe is:

Embedment

10

The temperature of liquid samples is measured in the field using:

Common laboratory thermometer and with an electronic temperature probe.

11

The pH of aqueous samples is measured using:

pH Meter and pH Test Paper

12

These samples must be taken where there are differences in color, texture, density or composition of materials in the pipe

Solid/Sludge sampling

13

These samples are normally collected in stainless steel sample bottles or Tedlar bags. Stain tubes can sometimes be used to replace some samplings.

Gas Sampling

14

Collect at least 500ml in two 250 ml sample containers at the site of the cut if possible. Samples should be filled to the top to exclude air and capped.

Liquid Sampling

15

This sample should be cut using a portable band saw or wheel-type cutter to prevent torch cutting debris from entering the sample.

Pipe Sampling

16

Common technique used to identify crystalline phases in unknown materials. These crystalline phases are described as compounds rather than elements which is beneficial in understanding corrosion.

XRD - X-Ray Diffraction (XRD)

17

This method provides elemental compositional analysis of very thin (3nm) surface layers.

AES - Auger Electron Spectroscopy

18

These two methods are used with microscopes to examine small areas or features. Both methods usually allow mapping of the surface and are used for bulk sample analysis.

FTIR and Raman Spectoscopy

19

A long established technique used to identify nearly 70 diff elements in liquid and solid samples down to parts per billion.

Atomic Absorption

20

This method is used to look for corrosion inhibitors, biocides, methanol, glycol and organic materials but the investigator must have some idea of the organic material for which they are searching.

Gas or Liquid Chromatography

21

These 2 methods can quantitatively identify over 70 elements in liquids, solids and particulates. They provide shorter analysis times than AAS.

DCP/ICP - Direct Current Plasma & Inductively Coupled Plasma

22

This procedure uses liquid chemistry data to calculate values which are simply indications as to the propensity for

Scaling Index

23

This term describes laboratory analysis techniques such as gravimetry, titrimetry and numerous separation methods. It is time consuming and methods vary widely

Wet Chemistry

24

This is a popular method for determining the concentrations of ionic species in aqueous samples. Typical results would identify sulfate, sulfite, nitrate, nitrite, phosphate, chloride, bromide and floride

Ion Chromatography

25

Pair of tests are some of the most popular techniques used for examining and analyzing elemental surface components of corrosion-related samples.

SEM/EDS - Scanning Electron Microscopy/Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy

26

This technique is used more frequently in the study of microorganisms than of corrosion.

TEM - Transmission Electron Microscopy

27

This method is like Auger as another method that analyzes atomic surface layers for elemental composition. It is more sensitive and has better spatial resolution than EDS

SIMS - Secondary Ion Mass Spectroscopy

28

What is the final and most important part of instituting a corrosion mitigation program?

Monitoring the effectiveness of the treatment

29

Step # 1

Physically arrange the investigation results in logical progression

30

Step # 2

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