Flashcards in Initial Action and Response Deck (22):
What are the primary functions of the intial response team?
Attend the scecne asap, take control of the situation and co-ordinate tasks.
What obligations must be met at a crime scene?
Health and Safety at Work act 2015 and Police safety policies.
What are some examples of cases that may not initially identify as a homicide?
Missing person, sudden unexplained infant detah, unexplained death, abductions, suicide, hit and run, fatal fire, drug related deaths.
Victim - identify and locate.
Appreciation - assess, preserve the lives of others.
Witness - identify and contain
Scene - establish and secure/preserve
Evidence - note and preserve.
Ingredients - are the ingredients of alleged offence established.
Powers - consider warrantless powers
Offenders - locate and apprehend.
At a crime scene what are the main principles?
Freeze, control, guard and preserve.
What is an appreciation?
a prven method of problem solving that follows set steps to ensure optimum coruse of action.
What are the benfits of applying an appreciation?
Increases chance of success, manages risk, establishs tasks, reduces uncertainty, ensures nothing is overlooked, uses resources effectively.
What is an appreciation technique?
Aim - an objective that is clear, accurate and concise.
Factors - what could effect the aim, so what? what does this mean?
Course open - a lis of possible ways the aim can be achieved
Plan - puts selected course, minus the factos and deductions in to action to complete the aim.
An informant or complainant, reporting an incident is a critical witness in an investigation, what are some things you should obtain from this person?
Identity of suspect, what they know, location of scene, circumstances, victims id, who else was at the scene, their full details, relationship to persons/scene, demeanour, hazards.
To reduce risk to evidence being lost or contamination the complainant may be asked to...
Return to the proximaty of the scene to guard it. Asked not to enter the scene or touch or move anything. To prevent others from doing the same.
What are the three possible statuses that you could find a victim in?
Alive and uninjured.
Alive and injured.
Unresponsive and showing no sign of life.
If a victim is alive but injured what should you do?
Call an ambulance.
Record medical staff details.
Have a detective accompany person to hospital or meet person asap at hospital.
What should be carried out at the hospital?
1. Obtain status
2. Seized clothing and possessions.
3. Establish ID.
4. Take a blood sample
5. Seize any discarded bandages.
6. Arrange firearm residue samples where applicable.
7. Note and photograph injuries.
8. Obtain DNA.
9. Obtain details.
10. Statement (TEDS)
11. Statement from emergency staff who dealt with vicitm.
If a victim shows no sign of life, what should be done?
Call an ambulance or conduct CPR.
Remain with the body
Arrange doctor to pronounce life extinct.
treat victim as a scene.
Instruct medical staff to leave clothes on.
Leave medical equipment used in situ.
Scoping interviews with medical staff.
Assertain if the victim spoke to anyone before death.
Record body position, lividity, injuries and clothing.
Record everything observed using all sense.
Record all exhibits.
Sketh a plan with body position and exhibits.
What are the 5 things to complete in relation to initial action to preserve a scene.
What are the duties of a scene guard?
To secure the scene, record details of comers and go'ers brief others, avoid disturbance, op security, protect scene, courtesy, control movements - common approach path.
With witnesses apart from a statement, what else should you consider?
A forensic examination of a witness due to possible evidence transferred.
What forensic evidence should you consider from a witness?
DNA swab of areas of the witness that the suspect may have touched, DNA swab of blood or stains on the witness, medical examinations, seizure of clothing and belonging that the suspect may have touched.
What 3 things should you consider when dealing with a witness?
Risk of cross contamination of forensic evidence, photographing the witness and any injuries.
If a suspect is located at a scene, what are the 11 things you should consider?
Seperating suspects from any other persons
Condition of the suspect
Having the suspect remain at the scene
Grounds to arrest suspect if un-cooperative
If the suspect is arrested or detained or questions, caution rights the person.
Search the suspect/vehicle or belongings.
Search area where suspect located.
Note suspects behaviour and appearance.
Record everthing said
DVD record satements
Before leaving the scene what are the 4 main things you will need to brief the O/C investigation on?
What has occurred, whats been done, what hasn't been done, what needs doing.