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Applied Kinesiology > Injuries > Flashcards

Flashcards in Injuries Deck (13)
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1
Q

Strain

A

Overstretching, overexertion, or overuse of the musculotendinous unit; can occur from slight trauma or unaccustomed repeated trauma of a minor degree

2
Q

Sprain

A

Severe stress, stretch or tear of ligament

3
Q

Dislocation

A

Displacement of the bony partners in a joint resulting in loss of anatomical relationship and leading to soft tissue damage, inflammation, pain, and muscle spasm

4
Q

Subluxation

A

An incomplete or partial dislocation of the bony partners in a joint with associated secondary trauma to the surrounding soft tissue

5
Q

Synovitis

A

Inflammation of a synovial membrane resulting in an excess of normal synovial fluid in a joint or tendon sheath

6
Q

Hemarthrosis

A

Bleeding into a joint, usually due to severe trauma

7
Q

Ganglion

A

Ballooning of the wall of the joint capsule or tendon sheath

8
Q

Contusion

A

Bruising from a direct blow, resulting in capillary rupture, bleeding, edema, and an inflammatory response

9
Q

Contracture

A

Adaptive shortening of skin, fascia, muscle, or joint capsule that prevents normal mobility or flexibility of that structure

10
Q

Adhesion

A

Abnormal adherence of collagen fibers to surrounding structures during immobilization, after trauma, or as a complication of surgery

11
Q

Ligament Injury

First Degree

A
Minimal loss of structural integrity
No abnormal motion
Little or no swelling
Localized tenderness
Minimal bruising
12
Q

Ligament Injury

Second Degree

A
Significant structural weakness
Some abnormal motion
Solid end feel to stress
More bruising and swelling
Often associated with hemarthrosis and effusion
13
Q

Ligament Injury

Third Degree

A

Loss of structural integrity
Marked abnormal motion
Significant bruising
Hemarthrosis