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Flashcards in Injurys Deck (12):
0

What is an internal injury?

Sudden movements can tear or strain a muscle, something that's also possible from over use. When a organ inside of your body had been damaged.

1

What is an external injury?

A external injury is cause by someone bumping into you, impacting your body to cause a fracture or dislocation. The external environment also brings risks, like dehydration in severe heat.

2

What are the two types of external force?

Impact- with someone (tackle, collusion, punch, kick) something ( landing hard, running into a post). These are sprains, fractures, dislocations, or concussions.
The environment- very hot or cold conditions. Heat causes dehydration. Cold causes hypothermia.

3

What are overuse injuries caused by?

By using a part of the body and again and again and include golf elbow and tennis elbow.

4

What are chronic injuries happen?

It happens when injuries are not treated are given time to heal. These can lead to arthritis.

5

What are the two types of fractures?

Closed- when the bone breaks but stays inside the skin
Open- when the bone breaks and comes out through the skin.

6

What are the joint injuries?

Dislocation- when the bones of a joint are wrenched apart.
Tennis and golf elbow- damage to the tendon caused by overuse.
Cartilage- which tears in the knee and can lock the joint.

7

What are the soft tissue injuries?

Sprains- when ligaments are over-stretched or torn around a joint, Eg twisted or sprained ankle.
Strains- when a muscle or tendon over-stretched or torn,eg pulled muscle.

8

What are cures, blisters, and grazes caused by?

Cuts- caused by impact with a sharp object.
Grazes and blisters- caused by friction or rubbing.

9

What is a concussion caused by?

Caused by the knocking of the head, often knocking the person unconscious.

10

When do environmental injuries occur?

When athletes are working for a long time in very hot or very cold conditions.

11

What is the difference between dehydration and hypothermia?

Hypothermia- caused by excessive cold. The internal body temperature drips leading to shivering, cold pale skin, shallow breathing, confusion, and tiredness.
Dehydration- caused by heat and lack of water. Leads to head-ache, light headedness, pale clammy skin, and muscle cramps.