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Flashcards in Injurys Deck (12):

What is an internal injury?

Sudden movements can tear or strain a muscle, something that's also possible from over use. When a organ inside of your body had been damaged.


What is an external injury?

A external injury is cause by someone bumping into you, impacting your body to cause a fracture or dislocation. The external environment also brings risks, like dehydration in severe heat.


What are the two types of external force?

Impact- with someone (tackle, collusion, punch, kick) something ( landing hard, running into a post). These are sprains, fractures, dislocations, or concussions.
The environment- very hot or cold conditions. Heat causes dehydration. Cold causes hypothermia.


What are overuse injuries caused by?

By using a part of the body and again and again and include golf elbow and tennis elbow.


What are chronic injuries happen?

It happens when injuries are not treated are given time to heal. These can lead to arthritis.


What are the two types of fractures?

Closed- when the bone breaks but stays inside the skin
Open- when the bone breaks and comes out through the skin.


What are the joint injuries?

Dislocation- when the bones of a joint are wrenched apart.
Tennis and golf elbow- damage to the tendon caused by overuse.
Cartilage- which tears in the knee and can lock the joint.


What are the soft tissue injuries?

Sprains- when ligaments are over-stretched or torn around a joint, Eg twisted or sprained ankle.
Strains- when a muscle or tendon over-stretched or torn,eg pulled muscle.


What are cures, blisters, and grazes caused by?

Cuts- caused by impact with a sharp object.
Grazes and blisters- caused by friction or rubbing.


What is a concussion caused by?

Caused by the knocking of the head, often knocking the person unconscious.


When do environmental injuries occur?

When athletes are working for a long time in very hot or very cold conditions.


What is the difference between dehydration and hypothermia?

Hypothermia- caused by excessive cold. The internal body temperature drips leading to shivering, cold pale skin, shallow breathing, confusion, and tiredness.
Dehydration- caused by heat and lack of water. Leads to head-ache, light headedness, pale clammy skin, and muscle cramps.