Flashcards in Random questions Deck (65):
What do skeletons do?
Protect, shape, support and move out bodies.
What are the five functions of the skeleton?
Protection- the cranium and ribs protect the brain and vital organs in the chest.
Shape- gives shape to the body and makes you tall or short.
Support- hold your vital organs in place when playing sport. The vertebral column hold the body upright.
Movement- muscles are attached to bones, which are jointed. When muscles contract the bone move.
Blood production red blood cells (to carry oxygen) and white blood cells (to protect agains infection) are produced in the bone marrow of some bones
Describe how playing environment can cause an injury?
If the playing are is wet the. Their would be a high chance of the player slipping and injuring the selfs.also if it's not conditioning they could get dehydrated.
What dose RICE stand for?
Strains and sprains are exposes of what?
Soft tissues injuries.
What should you do if someone is unconscious?
Put them in the recovery position and check of there breathing.
What can an athlete do to prevent hypothermia?
Keep moving around so that there body's stays warm, align with putting on extra layers of clothes on.
Strains are to do with?
The tendons and the muscles
Is a fracture a hard tissue or soft tissue injury?
A hard tissues injurie.
What is the following definition? 'Break of the bone that pierces the skin, causing a rick of infection.'
What should you do to a soft tissue injury such as bruising?
Use the process of rice.
What causes a muscle strain?
The overuse of a muscles/twist.
What should you do to a soft tissue injury such as a cut?
First, clean the wound then pally a lots of amount of pressure to the affected area. The. Cover the wound with gauze and plasters.
What causes a concussion?
Shaking and bruising to the brain this is caused by am impact to the head.
Why do we elevate an injury?
To reduce swelling, the blood will travel away to reduce swelling.
How do you treat a sprain?
By using RICE
What is the following definition? 'Disturbance of the arrangement of bones so they move out of their usual joint arrangement.
What are the symptoms of hypothermia?
Shivering, pale, complexion, shower plus rate, shallow breathing, and irrational behaviour.
Why do we elevate an injury?
To reduce the swelling.
Why should we use RICE after an injury?
To reduce extensive injury.
Dose a simple fracture break the skin?
No it doesn't.
How might a fracture occur?
A fall or the way the have been extended or internal force to the limb.
What is the definition of a closed fracture?
Can be a snapping or popping sound, feeling of ankle giving way, swelling and bruising may occur.
What is the definition of fatigue?
A feeling of extreme tiredness, and mental and physical brought on by extreme exertion can result in tenors loss of strength and energy.
What are the effects if fatigue?
Extremely tired, you may not be able to complete what your are doing due to a muscular fatigue and can result in you having to stop what your are doing completely. Concentration levels will decrease and you are most likely to make a must me of judgement. Skill levels decrease and so dose your strength.
What are the causes of fatigue?
Glycogen depletion a ( when glycogen stores are depleted athletes are said to 'hit the wall' as the body tried to metabolise fat, (90 minutes) lactic acid in the mussels.
What is the definition of stress?
Body's reactions to a change that requires fiscal, mental or emotional adjustment or response.
What is a competitive sport?
Highly motivated and committed to doing that activity. This means that they have at least 2 training sessions a week.
What is recreational sports mean?
That you can do it on your own time. With out any commitment needed, also they do not miss out on it.
How do professional get their money?
What is a professional athlete?
Someone who takes part in the sport to make a living out of it, it's their job. Someone who gets paid to play that sport. They are an expert in their sport.
What is an armature sportsman?
Someone who plays for pleasure. They take part in the skirts on their own time. They have a normal job that they get paid for doing, unlike a professional sports man.
How do armature sportsman make their money?
They have another job to support them
What is a semi professional?
Someone who has a normal hob, but Alison gets paid little money so that they have another job as well as playing for that sport.
How do semi professional make their money?
What is a risk assessment?
Checking for potential hazards or dangers that maybe harmful to anyone who is part taking before any activity is undertaken.
What effects do ageing have on the body?
The muscles get smaller so strength is lost.
The oxygen capacity reduces when get older.
Your skill level can improve with age and experience.
The older you get the longer time it take you recover fro injuries.
Flexibility is quite high in teens but decreases as you get older.
What decreasing when you get older?
What dose the term physiology mean?
The functions and process of the human body.
What dose the term flexibility mean?
The range of movement around a joint.
What is a physical disability?
This is which limits physical disability function and one or more limits.
List three different factors that will ensure that a elusive facility will meet the needs if and be accessible to a person with a disability?
Access- doors and doorways have to be wide enough to allow a wheelchair cases and ramps must be provided
Parking- disabled bays must be markets and made accessible
Provision- lifts must allow access to the upper floors, disabled toilets must be provided and there should be specific activities, clubs that are
Particularly situated for the disabled.
How did the Paralympics become a worldwide event, explain how this event began.
First introduced in 1948, most of it was organised by the ipc, they encouraged all sports authorities to provide competitors for the disabled in that particular sport.
What is meant by policy inclusion?
A policy that no one should experience Barrie's to learning as a result of their disability, heritage, gender, special education needs ethenicty social groups, sexual oxidantion, race Of culture.
What is meant by the term classification with the Paralympics games?
Athletes use a system of letters ( I for track f for field) and numbers, which identify this particular disabilities that make a fair competition.
What is the definition of a physical disability?
Is any impairment in which limits in which limits the physical function of one of more limbs.
What is the meaning of mental disability?
Significant impairment in the intellectual functions which limits to behaviour.
What is a permanent disability?
Impairment of physical or mental aspects that may last for an external period of times prevents them from functioning.
What is a temporary disability?
Curable impairments of physical, mental facilities that may obstruct that affected person from treatment.
What are the characteristics of an endomorph?
Roughly peared shaped
Tendency to gain fat particularly in the upper arms and thighs
Find it hard to carry aerobic excessive eg: running.
What are the mesomorph characteristics?
Wedged shaped body
Broad wide shoulders
Muscular arms, and legs
Narrows thighs, a minimum amount of body fat.
Particularly we'll suited to swimming.
What are an ectomorph characteristics?
Narrow shoulders and hips
Thin arms and legs and very little muscles
What is the definition of over- weight?
A person who is significantly heavier than their optimal weight.
What is over- fat?
An abnormally large percentage of their body is compound as fat.
What is obesity?
People who's are extremely over fat men lease if 25% is body fat. Women are obese if it is 39% of their body is mainly body fat.
What dose underweight mean?
People who are under weight are 19% under their optimal body weight.
What is the meaning of anorexia?
Extensive weight loss can lead to a disorder called anorexia nervosa.
How do you work out you body index mass? (BMI)
BMI weight/height times weight
Disabilities are divided into 4 sections what are they?
What is flextion?
The decreasing of an gale at a joint, such as bending the arm at the elbow
What is extension?
The opposite movement to flexion where the angle at a joint is increased, such as straightening the arm at the elbow.
What is the difference between adduction and abduction?
Abduction- the movement of a vine or limb away from the middle line of the body, such as the first movement of a star jump witht the arms and legs.
Adduction- the opposite movement where abduction where the bone or lime moves towards the body, such as the return of the movement of the arms and legs when performing a star Jump
What is rotation?
Where the bone or limb moves freely in a curve, such as movements of the arm when bowling a cricket.
What is the definition of a recreational activity?
Means that you do the sport for fun and your own time as an extra e