Integumentary System Flashcards Preview

Human Body > Integumentary System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Integumentary System Deck (51)
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1

Macule

Small flat lesion
Different color than surrounding skin color

2

Papule

Small, firm, elevated
"like a pea under the skin"

3

Plaque

Large slightly elevated
Surface is flat, but topped with scales

4

Nodule

Palpable, elevated, can vary in size

5

Cyst-fluid filled

Nodule filled with liquid or semi solid substance

6

Vesicle

Small - Blisters with clear fluid

7

Bulla

Large - Blisters with clear fluid

8

Pustule

Elevated, pus filled, (white milky to a yellow color)

9

Scale

Thickened outer layer of skin
Dry
White in color

10

Burrow

Tunneling

11

Comedo

Mass of oil and clogs hair follicles

12

Fissure

Small deep cracks in skin

13

Erosion

Shallow cut

14

Ulcer

Loss of tissue, involves epidermis and dermis

15

Accessory organs

Hair, nails, glands

16

Skin protects the body from..

Trauma, infection, toxic chemicals

17

Tiny nerve endings are called..

Receptors - temperature, touch, pressure, pain

18

Epidermis

Thin outer layer

19

Dermis

Middle layer - lymph nodes, nerves, sweat glands, hair follicles

20

Subcutaneous

Fat layer - regulates temperature

21

Pruritus

Itching

22

Edema

Swelling

23

Erythema

Redness

24

Dermatitis

Umbrella term for inflammation of the skin
manifested by redness and itching

25

Seborrheic Dermatitis

Inflammation of the sebaceous glands
red skin,yellow greasy appearing scales
Topical treatment
Cradle cap is an example

26

Contact Dermatitis

Ie. poison ivy/bee sting (when you come in contact with something)
acute inflammation of skin triggered by an external substance
Redness,edema,vesicles that ooze, itch, burn, spread
Tx-identify irritant,clean area,topical tx,steroid cream
can develop through chemical or mechanical irritation

27

Atopic Dermatitis (Eczema)

Idiopathic-not sure what the cause is-could be family Hx
chronic inflammation of the skin
rash,vesicles with drainage, pain, itching,dryness
Tx-topical or steroid tx
common in families with allergic conditions
flare ups with stress and environment
no cure

28

Urticaria (Hives)

Can be acute or chronic
foods or bug bites
primary or secondary
can be worse with diet
Remove trigger if possible
Dermis + epidermis
antihistamines and benadryl
sever itching,redness,raised lesions,swelling

29

Psoriasis

Chronic, thick red patches with silver scales
Dry patches of skin, soreness, itching
Tx-topical, goal of tx is to reduce inflammation
possible autoimmune disease

30

Rosacea

Chronic, inflammatory
only on face - looks like sunburn - feels gritty
more common in men
nose looks large and red
worse if you're a smoker or drinker
maybe genetic or environment
not itchy