Intro Flashcards Preview

Motility > Intro > Flashcards

Flashcards in Intro Deck (18):
1

What are some chief complaints we need to pay attention to

-asthenopia
-poor cosmetics
-failed screening
-second option
-family history of strabismus
-Genetic abnormalities
-birth defects
-signs of asthenopia
-developmental concerns (not walking, crawling, etc.)

2

If someone says they have a constant or intermittent symptom what can this help predict?

Presence of amblyopia and sensory adaptations

3

If someone says their symptom is worse during a time of day what can this help predict?

AC/A problems, decompensations, when inattentive

4

What are 2 things you need to ask about onset?

-age
-mode (sudden or gradual)

5

What are 3 things you need to ask about location?

-D or N
-particular gaze
-unilateral or alternating

6

What are some things you need to ask about birth history?

-birth weight
-premature?
-complications
-prenatal and perinatal care

7

What are 4 things you need to look at when looking at the patients appearance?

-head positioning
-head movements
-attentiveness
-motor control (ask to write name)

8

If someone was a head tilt to the left what does this mean?

A left superior oblique palsy.
--they do this so they dont see double

9

T/F: the face is placed in the affected muscles diagnostic action field (head tilt)

True

10

Name some facial asymmetry and syndromes you can direct observe

-Down syndrome
-cerebral palsy
-hydrocephaly
-craniofacial abnormalities

11

Name some lid position signs you can directly observe

-ptosis
-exopthalmos, enopthalmos
-lagophthalmos/incomplete lid closure
Prominent epicanthal folds

12

A wide bridge makes ____ less obvious

XT

13

A narrow bridge makes ____ less obvious

ET

14

A wide face makes ____ less obvious

XT

15

A narrow face makes ____ less obvious

ET

16

A (+) angle lambda makes ___ more obvious

XT

17

A (-) angle lambda makes ___ more obvious

ET

18

Hirschberg nasal to the pupil means

(+) angles, exo posture