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Flashcards in Intro and instruments Deck (31)
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1

What is drafting?

A graphic language that uses pictures and symbols to communicate thoughts and ideas

2

What are the 2 basic types of drawings?

Technical Drawings
Artistic Drawings

3

What a a technical draw g used for?

Used for practical purposes

4

How are technical drawings prepared?

With the use of mechanical instruments or CAD

5

What kind of drawing is an exact, detailed description of the actual object.

Technical Drawing

6

What kind of drawing is used for cultural purposes?

Artistic drawing

7

How are Artistic drawings prepared?

Freehand

8

What kind of drawing uses a standardized method of representation used throughout the industry?

Technical drawing

9

What kind of drawing is an approximate representation of the actual objects

Artistic drawing

10

What kind of drawing uses no standardized method of representation?

Artistic drawing

11

What are the two main branches of technical drawings?

Mechanical drafting
Architectural drafting

12

What type of technical drawing played an important role in today’s technological world?

Mechanical drafting

13

What type of draftsperson would be concerned with machine design, aircraft design, sheet metal fabrication, piping for the petrochemical industry?

Mechanical draftsperson

14

What type of drafting is concerned with the design, representation, and specifications for a variety of buildings and structures?

Architectural Drafting

15

What type of draftsperson can be found throughout the construction industry?

Architectural Draftsperson

16

A drafting board is covered with a layer of what?

What is it called

Vinyl or plastic
Called Borco

17

What tool is used to draw straight horizontal or vertical lines?

Parallel Slide

18

What acts as a base for set squares when drawing vertical or slanted lines?

Parallel Slide

19

What is an older alternative to the parallel slide?

T square

20

What is used to draw straight lines which can be vertical or slanted at 45 degrees

45 degree set square

21

What is used to draw straight lines that can be vertical or at 30 or 60 degrees slants?

30degree/60degree set square

22

Using the 30 and 45 set squares together what angles can be produced?

30/45/60/90/15/75 degrees

23

Scales are used to measure what?

Lengths of lines

24

What are 3 types of scales?

Full scale (1:1)
Reduced scale (1:2)
Enlarged scale (2:1)

25

What is a bow compass used for

To draw circles precisely up to 3” diameter

26

What is used to draw larger radius circles?

Rail Compass

27

What is used to draw common items rapidly?

Templates

28

Name 3 types of templates.

Architectural template
Electrical template
Plumbing template

29

Which lead is softer
6H or 3B

3B

30

Which lead is harder
7H or 7B?

7H