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Flashcards in Intro And Scientific Inquiry Deck (18):
0

Socrates-Plato-Aristotle

Socrates-Plato:
Knowledge was innate

Aristotle:
Knowledge shaped by experiences

1

Interactive Dualism

Rene Descartes

Brain has animal spirits and special fluids which control movement and thoughts

2

Structuralism vs Functionalism

Structuralism -
Edward Thitchener
All about introspection of one's own thoughts

Functionalism -
William James
Learned habits and why we do them

3

Psychoanalytic

Unconscious mind affecting behavior
Id, Ego, Superego

Nothing observable, negative viewpoint on mankind, cannot be scientifically refuted or proven

4

Behaviorism

Psychology objectively studies behavior
Environmental stimuli
External, Punishment, Reward
Positive Reinforcement vs Punishment

No free will
Not everything is rewards/punishment

5

Humanism

Everyone is innately good, personal growth, achievement, human potential and free will

All people are not good

6

Biological

Only stuff in body

No mental processes, too little of human behavior explained, rejects environmental factors

7

Cross cultural

How culture/situations affect behavior

Generalizations

8

Evolutionary

How genes are passed on through generations
Certain genes affect behavior

Stuck in past

9

Cognitive

People act because they think based on their view of world

Downplays emotion, too mentalistic, hard to decide between competing cognitive explanations

10

Industrial-Organizational Career

Research to improve work environment, employee selection, training, and morale

11

Naturalistic Observation

Record behavior in natural environment

Adv: observe real life situations

Dis: does not control behavioral influences

12

Surveys

Asking a random sample from a group questions for info

Adv: good for general opinions

Dos: can be misleading by wording of questions, people lie

13

Correlational method

Comparing how prescience of one variable affects other

Adv: helps predict

Dis: correlation does not mean causation

14

Representative sample

Sample should parallel population

15

Random assignment vs Radom selection

Assignment - randomly put members of group into control and experimental group

Selection - group is picked randomly

16

Ethics of experiment s

Informed consent - tell participant about experiment before participation

Protect - don't allow harm/discomfort

Confidentiality and anonymity - do not disclose participant info

Debrief - post experimental explanation to participant describing purpose and any possible deceptions of/in experiment

17

Look at graphing page

Stuff