Intro/Defining Disfluencies Flashcards Preview

SPHP 123 Voice/Fluency > Intro/Defining Disfluencies > Flashcards

Flashcards in Intro/Defining Disfluencies Deck (15):
1

Evidence Based Practice (EBP) has three components:

1) ______ reviewed, current research

2) _________ expeirence 

3) client and family _________ - what does the client want/willing to do?

Evidence Based Practice (EBP) has three components:

1) peer reviewed, current research

2) clinical expeirence 

3) client and family values - what does the client want/willing to do?

2

_______ dysfluencies are also called

with-in word dysfluencies

__________ like dysfluencies

_________ dysfluencies

 

Core dysfluencies are also called

with-in word dysfluencies

stuttering like dysfluencies

primary dysfluencies

3

_________ dysfluencies are also called

between word dysfluencies

__________ dysfluencies

__________ dysfluencies

Normal dysfluencies are also called

between word dysfluencies

accessory dysfluencies

secondary dysfluencies

4

Core dysfluencies include

(SR) _______ __________ - schwa like, single sound reps

(SLR) _________ __________ - "the the the" has vowel

(B) ________ - cessation of a sound

(P) ___________ - stuck or pressing the sound

(BW) ________ ________ - starts word and abruptly stops

Core dysfluencies include

(SR) sound repetitions - schwa like, single sound reps

(SLR) syllable repetitions - "the the the" has vowel

(B) blocks - cessation of a sound

(P) prolongations - stuck or pressing the sound

(BW) broken words - starts word and abruptly stops

5

Normal dysfluencies include

(I) ___________ - happen in normal speech (uhh, mmm, well...)

(Re) _________ - changing word or thought

(PR) ________ _______ - repeating a phrase on a loop

(WR) _______ _______ - repeating words

Normal dysfluencies include

(I) interjections - happen in normal speech (uhh, mmm, well...)

(Re) revisions - changing word or thought

(PR) phrase reps - repeating a phrase on a loop

(WR) word reps - repeating words

6

2 invisible characteristics/reactions of people who stutter include

_________ - emotional reactions (fear, anxiety, sadness, etc)

_________ - word avoidance, anticipation, word substitutions, avoiding relationships, employment, social situations, self-regard/esteem

2 invisible characteristics/reactions of people who stutter include

affective - emotional reactions (fear, anxiety, sadness, etc)

cognitive - word avoidance, anticipation, word substitutions, avoiding relationships, employment, social situations, self-regard/esteem

7

Behavioral reactions to stuttering

__________ behavior - performing a physical reaction as a __________ _________ so one may "move on" from the stuttering episode. Leads to __________.

ex - stomping foot, punching air, blinking, combination of moves

These behaviors become a _______ of the stuttering episode.

 

Behavioral reactions to stuttering

concomitant behavior - performing a physical reaction as a neurological distraction so one may "move on" from the stuttering episode. Leads to habituation.

ex - stomping foot, punching air, blinking, combination of moves

These behaviors become a part of the stuttering episode.

8

Stutterring on a continuum (idea not a fact)

_____►stuttering►_____________________

Why?

Because the same _______ are used to remediate all of these conditions.

Stutterring on a continuum (idea not a fact)

OCD►stuttering►tourettesschizophrenia

Why?

Because the same drugs are used to remediate all of these conditions.

9

the only valid assessment of stuttering is ___________

tests such as the SSI are NOT valid

stuttering is ________ and doesn't follow a _________ pattern. It may be better one day and worse the next. 

A good question to ask client - "Is today a typical day? Better? Worse?"

Reporting _________ scores as a standardized assessment is ________ acceptable

 

the only valid assessment of stuttering is transcription

tests such as the SSI are NOT valid

stuttering is cyclical and doesn't follow a concrete pattern. It may be better one day and worse the next. 

A good question to ask client - "Is today a typical day? Better? Worse?"

Reporting fluency scores as a standardized assessment is never acceptable

10

Transcribing is a very __________ process.

at least a ____ word sample

transcribe reps w/descriptive note - each rep only counts as _____ dysfluency regardless of the _________

type dysfluency is identified and marked above the transcription

Will need to get to know client and learn how they stutter because they may be good at _________ it.

monitior and note the _________ of the dysfluency

always be __________ with how you measure duration 

Ex:

(BW) Yester/day (P5) I went to (SR3) the (I) store"

Transcribing is a very descriptive process.

at least a 100 word sample

transcribe reps w/descriptive note - each rep only counts as one dysfluency regardless of the duration

type dysfluency is identified and marked above the transcription

Will need to get to know client and learn how they stutter because they may be good at hiding it.

monitior and note the duration of the dysfluency

always be consistent with how you measure duration 

Ex:

(BW) Yester/day (P5) I went to (SR3) the (I) store"

11

The two types of people who stutter are those who primarily ________ and those who primarily ________

The two types of people who stutter are those who primarily repeat and those who primarily prolong

12

The global prevalance of people who stutter is __%

The global prevalance of people who stutter is 1%

13

stuttering treatment is _______ 100% effective. 

___% of people get no benefit from Tx

___% of people may receive some benefit and feel less devastated about their stutter. 

stuttering treatment is never 100% effective. 

30% of people get no benefit from Tx

70% of people may receive some benefit and feel less devastated about their stutter. 

14

people who stutter often report an extremely _______, completely locked up feeling. this makes ________ impossible

they can often feel the ________ build

people who stutter often report an extremely tense, completely locked up feeling. this makes airflow impossible

they can often feel the tension build

15

the distinguishing factor between developmental stuttering and acquired neurological disfluency is that developmental stuttering always takes place on the first _______, first ________ of a word

the distinguishing factor between developmental stuttering and acquired neurological disfluency is that developmental stuttering always takes place on the first sound, first syllable of a word