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Flashcards in Intro To Clinical Pharmacology Deck (62)
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What part of the prescription has the prescribers signature?

Closing

1

"Two caps stat" is considered what type of dose?

Loading

2

What pregnancy category's so systemic tetracycline classified?

Category D

3

What are the adverse effects of antihistamines?

Xerostomia

4

What type of name is Acetaminophen?

Generic

5

Adverse drug reactions are reported to whom?

FDA

6

What is a black box warning?

A highlight from FDA explaining the potentially fatal or life threatening, disabling adverse effects from taking a prescription drug.

7

What unit of measure does the apothecary system use?

Grain

8

C-1 schedule has what type of abuse potential?

Highest

9

C-II abuse?

High

10

C-III ?

Moderate

11

C IV?

Low

12

C-V?

Lowest

13

How may refills does a C-II allow?

None

14

How many refills can a class 3,4 and five allow?

5x within 6 month period

15

What federal administration placed drugs on a schedule?

Drug enforcement administration

16

What does CDS stand for?

Controlled dangerous substances

17

What is defined as the biomedical study of the interaction of chemical substances would living systems including sales tissues in organisms?

Pharmacology

18

What flower is codeine and morphine processed from?

Poppy

19

Where is cardiac glycosides derived from?

Foxglove plant

20

Where is heparin derived from and what does it inhibit?

Animal tissues and it inhibits blood clotting

21

What language is pharmacology derived from

Greek

22

Do drugs create new physiological responses or do they alter the normal process by increasing or decreasing the function of a cell?

I alter the normal process

23

Where are Biologics naturally produced from

Animal or human bodies

24

Alternative drug therapy includes herbs and vitamins minerals dietary supplements and natural extracts.

True

25

PharmaKinetics describes the way the body affects the drug including absorption distribution metabolism and ?

Excretion

26

Pharmacodynamics is the ------ a drug has on a the body.

Action

27

Posology is the study of what

Dosage

28

Therapeutics is the branch of medicine that deals with the --- of disease

Treatment

29

Pharmatherapeutics describes the study of how drugs is best used in the --- of disease

Treatment

30

Pharmacogenetics deals with --- factors.

Genetic

31

Give two examples of Pharmacogenetics

Fast and slow acetylators

32

What is the study of poisons?

Toxicology

33

What's the vocabulary word for taking multiple medications?

Polypharmacy

34

What color is erythrosine? And what type of oral tablet is it added to? Some patients may have an allergic reaction to this and as a dental hygienist we should question the patient before using this tablet.

Red no. 3 (tetraiodofluorescein)

35

The code of federal regulations requires that over-the-counter drugs list --- on the labels

Drug facts

36

Who regulates labeling

The Federal Trade Commission

37

In 1997 why was seldane an anhistamine taken off the market

Because of serious cardiac events and death

38

Acetaminophen is generic for ?

Tylenol

39

Motrin and Advil is generic for

Ibprofen

40

Generic drugs are less expensive and -----equivalent to brand name drugs.

Chemically

41

The word prescription is derived from what language

Latin

42

Rx is a symbol for what language and god that blesses the prescription

Roman

43

List the Metric system weights

Grams
Liters

44

What are the two classes of drugs

Prescription and nonprescription or over-the-counter

45

First drug approved for OTC?

Hydrocortisone

46

Bid Latin abbreviation means?

Twice a day

47

Prn

As needed

48

Hs

At bedtime

49

Stat

At once

50

Example of black box warnings

Tylenol
Plavix Genetic variations
Asthma
Seizure meds
Antidepressants
Dementia meds
Contraceptives
Schedule 2


51

Off labeled use

Benadryl

52

Half or all Rx in United States can be sub. For generic?

Half

53

Define bioequivalence

Has the same amt. of active ingredients as the brand name.

54

BSA should be calculated for adults or children?

Children

55

FDA pregnant category A includes thyroid and iron meds and is a risk of what level?

Lowest

56

B includes ibuprofen Tylenol amoxicillin and is what risk level?

No animal risk

57

C. Antidepressants and antihistamines show what risk in animals?

A risk

58

D shows risk to the ----- for tetracycline

Fetus

59

X estrogen acutain shows risk to whom?

Animals and humans

60

A B C categories show safe use on pregnant and lactating women when receiving --- treatment

Dental

61

Street drugs
Pain meds
Tylenols with codeine. Steroids
Xanax. Triazolam. Diazepam.
Cough meds with codeine.

List from high to low on the drug abuse schedule.

1
2
3
4
5