Flashcards in Intro To Clinical Pharmacology Deck (62)
What part of the prescription has the prescribers signature?
"Two caps stat" is considered what type of dose?
What pregnancy category's so systemic tetracycline classified?
What are the adverse effects of antihistamines?
What type of name is Acetaminophen?
Adverse drug reactions are reported to whom?
What is a black box warning?
A highlight from FDA explaining the potentially fatal or life threatening, disabling adverse effects from taking a prescription drug.
What unit of measure does the apothecary system use?
C-1 schedule has what type of abuse potential?
How may refills does a C-II allow?
How many refills can a class 3,4 and five allow?
5x within 6 month period
What federal administration placed drugs on a schedule?
Drug enforcement administration
What does CDS stand for?
Controlled dangerous substances
What is defined as the biomedical study of the interaction of chemical substances would living systems including sales tissues in organisms?
What flower is codeine and morphine processed from?
Where is cardiac glycosides derived from?
Where is heparin derived from and what does it inhibit?
Animal tissues and it inhibits blood clotting
What language is pharmacology derived from
Do drugs create new physiological responses or do they alter the normal process by increasing or decreasing the function of a cell?
I alter the normal process
Where are Biologics naturally produced from
Animal or human bodies
Alternative drug therapy includes herbs and vitamins minerals dietary supplements and natural extracts.
PharmaKinetics describes the way the body affects the drug including absorption distribution metabolism and ?
Pharmacodynamics is the ------ a drug has on a the body.
Posology is the study of what
Therapeutics is the branch of medicine that deals with the --- of disease
Pharmatherapeutics describes the study of how drugs is best used in the --- of disease
Pharmacogenetics deals with --- factors.
Give two examples of Pharmacogenetics
Fast and slow acetylators
What is the study of poisons?
What's the vocabulary word for taking multiple medications?
What color is erythrosine? And what type of oral tablet is it added to? Some patients may have an allergic reaction to this and as a dental hygienist we should question the patient before using this tablet.
Red no. 3 (tetraiodofluorescein)
The code of federal regulations requires that over-the-counter drugs list --- on the labels
Who regulates labeling
The Federal Trade Commission
In 1997 why was seldane an anhistamine taken off the market
Because of serious cardiac events and death
Acetaminophen is generic for ?
Motrin and Advil is generic for
Generic drugs are less expensive and -----equivalent to brand name drugs.
The word prescription is derived from what language
Rx is a symbol for what language and god that blesses the prescription
List the Metric system weights
What are the two classes of drugs
Prescription and nonprescription or over-the-counter
First drug approved for OTC?
Bid Latin abbreviation means?
Twice a day
Example of black box warnings
Plavix Genetic variations
Off labeled use
Half or all Rx in United States can be sub. For generic?
Has the same amt. of active ingredients as the brand name.
BSA should be calculated for adults or children?
FDA pregnant category A includes thyroid and iron meds and is a risk of what level?
B includes ibuprofen Tylenol amoxicillin and is what risk level?
No animal risk
C. Antidepressants and antihistamines show what risk in animals?
D shows risk to the ----- for tetracycline
X estrogen acutain shows risk to whom?
Animals and humans
A B C categories show safe use on pregnant and lactating women when receiving --- treatment