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Flashcards in Intro to Endo Deck (20)
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1

What hormones are released from the Hypothalmus? 
• which are stimulatory and which are inhibitory? 

Stimulatory: 
• TRH
• CRH
• GnRH
• GHRH

Inhibitory: 
• Somatostatin
• Dopamine

2

What hormones are released from the anterior pituitary? 

• TSH
• FSH
• LH
• ACTH
• MSH
• GH
• Prolactin 

3

What hormones are released from the posterior pituitary? 

• Oxytocin
• ADH

4

What hormones are released from the thyroid? 

• T3 and T4
• Calcitonin

5

What hormones are released from the parathyroid? 

PTH

6

What hormones are released from the pancreas? 
• Stimulatory? 
• Inhibitory? 

Stimulatory: 
• Insulin
• Glucagon

Inhibitory: 
• Somatostatin

7

What hormones are released from the adrenal medulla? 

• Norepinephrine
• Epinephrine

8

What hormones are released from the kidney? 

• Renin
• 1,25 dihydroxycholecalciferol

9

What hormones are released from the adrenal cortex? 

• Cortisol
• Aldosterone
• Adrenal Androgens

10

What hormones are released from the testes? 

Testosterone

11

What hormones are released from the ovaries? 

• Estradiol
• Progesterone

12

What hormones are released from the corpus luteum? 

• Estradiol
• Progesterone

13

What hormones are released from the placenta? 

• HCG
• Estriol
• Progesterone
• HPL 

14

What hormones are released from the stomach? 

• Gastrin

15

What hormones are released from the small intestine? 

• Cholesystokinin (CCK) 
• Secretin
 

16

What hormones are released from the heart? 

• Atrial Natriuretic Peptide (ANP)

17

Rate the half life of the following: 
• Thyroid hormones
• Peptides
• Amines
• Steroids and Proteins 

Thyroid Hormones > Steroids and Proteins > Peptides > Amines 

18

What is the only exception to the rule that steriods have intracellular receptors and peptides/amines have extracellular receptors? 

Thyroid hormone have intracellular receptors but requires transport to access them 

19

What are the characteristics of peptide hormones with regard to: 
• Solubility in Water
• Transport in Plasma
• Pre-release storage
• Target Cell receptor location
• Main mechanism of action
• Speed of Action
• Duration of Action

20

What are the characteristics of steriod hormones with regard to: 
• Solubility in Water
• Transport in Plasma
• Pre-release storage
• Target Cell receptor location
• Main mechanism of action
• Speed of Action
• Duration of Action