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Flashcards in Intro To Human Diseases Deck (57):
1

Change in structure or function that is considered to be abnormal within the body

Disease

2

alternation of homeostasis

disease

3

pathologic condition of the body and the mind

disorder

4

examples of disorders

vitamin deficiency (nutritional disorders) & malformation of joint (bone disorder)

5

group of symptoms caused by several interrelated problems

syndrome

6

structural/morphological alterations assoc with a diseased state in an individual

lesion

7

example of a papule

pimple

8

example of a vesicle

chicken pox

9

is a papule with water

vesicle

10

a change which is specifically characteristic of a disease

pathognomonic lesion

11

example of a pathognomonic lesion

RS Cell (reed sternberg cells) in Hodgkin's Disease

12

Ulcer in Amebiasis

Flask shaped ulcer

13

Manifestations of a disease that are observed

clinical signs

14

Manifestations seen by the naked eye

clinical signs

15

subjective feeling of an abnormality in the body

clinical symptoms

16

can only be reported by the affected individuals

clinical symptoms

17

What are the 4 predisposing factors of a disease

1) age
2) gender
3) environment
4) lifestyle

18

immune systems are not fully developed

newborns

19

immune systems are degrading

elderly

20

predisposing factors common in men

lung cancer
gout

21

predisposing factors common in women

osteoporosis
rheumatoid arthritis
breast cancer

22

name the 8 causes of diseases

"HIT HIN"
1) heredity
2) inflammation & infection
3) trauma
4) hyperplasia & neoplasm
5) immunity
6) nutritional imbalance

23

caused by a physical injury from an external force

trauma

24

the leading cause of death in children & young adults

trauma

25

most frequent cause of trauma

motor vehicle accidents

26

most frequent cause of trauma in young adults/males

firearms

27

most frequent cause of trauma in young children

poison, suffocation

28

most frequent cause of trauma in young children & elderly

falls

29

most frequent cause of trauma in adolescence

suicide

30

Protective immune response that is triggered by any type of injure or irritant

inflammation

31

5 cardinal signs of inflammation

calor (heat)
rubor (redness)
tumor (swelling)
dolor (pain)
functio laesa (loss of function/motion)

32

refers to the invasion of microorganisms into tissue that causes cell tissue/injury

infection

33

the two have increased # if cells which lead to increase in tissue size

hyperplasia & neoplasms

34

lining of the stomach

pseudostratified columnar

35

lining of the esophagus

stratified squamous

36

overgrowth in response to some type of stimulus

hyperplasia

37

examples of hyperplasia

female breast of puberty
partial hepatectomy
goiter (hormone deficiency)

38

"hormonal hyperplasia" is also known as...

menstruation

39

are all tumors neoplasms?

NO!

40

overgrowths also known as "tumors"/"swellings"

neoplasms

41

the overconsumption or underconsumption of nutrients

nutritional imbalance

42

"-mal" means

abnormality

43

an individual who has an illl, thin, wasted appearance

cachexia

44

immune system protects the body in two additional ways:

1) inflammatory response (leukocytes)
2) specific ag-atb reaction

45

Allergy is an example of

impaired immunity

46

When the body's lymphocytes cannot identify the body's own self antigens w/c are harmless

autoimmunity

47

when there is a decrease/absence of lymphocytes

immunodeficiency

48

4 types of diseases

1) infectious
2) noninfectious
3)psychosomatic
4)idiopathic

49

Type of disease wherein pathogens must invade host to stimulate immune response to cause disease

infectious disease

50

aka "non-transmissable" or "non-communicable" disease

non-infectious

51

this is the leading cause of death in the world, over 60% of all deaths

non-infectious diseases

52

examples of non-infectious diseases

heart disease
allergy
stroke
cancer
asthma
emphysema
DM

53

type of disease involving mind & body

psychosomatic disease

54

type of disease wherein physical diseases are made worse by mental factors

psychosomatic disease

55

examples of psychosomatic diseases

psoriasis
eczema / atopic dermatitis
skin asthma
stomach ulcer
high BP
depression
anxiety

56

type of disease where in the cause is unknown

idiopathic disease

57

examples of idiopathic diseases

focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (scar tissue in the filtering unit of the kidney)
ankylosing spondylitis (a form of spinal arthritis, chiefly affecting young males, that eventually causes ankylosis of vertebral and sacro-iliac joints.)