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Flashcards in Framework for Pathophysiology Deck (39):
1

What are the 4 aspects of a disease process

"EP MC"
1) etiology
2) pathogenesis
3) morphologic changes
4) clinical significance

2

is also known as "cause"

etiology

3

a series of events

pathogenesis

4

mechanism of its (disease) development

pathogenesis

5

structural alterations induced in cells/organs of the body

morphologic changes

6

functional consequences of morphological changes

clinical significance

7

it is the study of the cause/reasons for the phenomena

etiology

8

it is the identification of the casual factors

etiology

9

what are the major classes of etiologic factors?

1) intrinsic/genetic
2) extrinsic/acquired
3) idiopathic
4) iatrogenic
5) multifactorial
6) nosocomial

10

subgroups of extrinsic diseases

-infectious
-nutritional
-chemical
-physical

11

type of disease where the cause is unknown

idiopathic disease

12

type of disease where the cause is the result of an unintended/unwanted medical treatment

iatrogenic disease

13

a type of disease where several different etiologic factors lead to the development of the disease

multifactorial disease

14

examples of multifactorial diseases

- CAD
- Diet
- Increased BP
-lifestyle
-Cigarette smoking
-Hormones

15

Important for disease prevention & epidemiological studies

identification of risk factors

16

hospital acquired disease

nosocomial disease

17

common nosocomial pathogen

pseudomonas

18

examples of nosocomial diseases

incisional staphylococcal infection in post-operative px

19

it is a sequence of events in response of the cells or tissues to the etiologic agents

pathogenesis

20

from the initial stimulus to the ultimate expression of the disease

pathogenesis

21

what are the stages and clinical course of pathogenesis

"IP SER C"
1) Incubation Phase
2) Prodromal period
3) Silent / Latent Period
4) Exacerbation
5) Remission
6) Convalescence

22

exposure of a tissue to an infectious agent; 1st signs and symptoms

incubation phase

23

appearance of the 1st signs and symptoms indicating the onset of the disease

prodromal period

24

signs may become mild or even disappear for the time

silent / latent phase

25

sudden increase in the severity of a disease

exacerbation

26

decline in severity of the signs & symptoms of a disease

remission

27

state of recovery after a disease/injury/surgery

convalescence

28

refers to the structural alterations on cells/tissues that are either characteristics of the disease or diagnostic of the etiologic process

morphological changes

29

examples of morphologic changes

gross and microscopic changes

30

it is the predicted / expected outcome of a disease

prognosis

31

sudden onset of a disease

acute disease

32

examples of acute diseases

- URTI
-Gastroenteritis
- Pneumonia

33

extended period of a disease

chronic disease

34

chronic disease can be classified as > than?

>2 weeks

35

examples of chronic disease

-hypertension
-DM
-heart disease
-asthma

36

functional consequences of the morphologic changes

prognosis

37

onset of a second disease or disorder in an individual who is directly affected with a disease

complications

38

percentage of people with a disease who live for a set of period of time

survival rate

39

methods of diagnosis of a disease

1) laboratory tests
2) radiologic tests