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Flashcards in Intro to Language and Culture Deck (86)
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1
jakobson, 6 functions of language

referential

paired with reference, concept

2
jakobson, 6 functions of language

expressive

paired with speaker

3
jakobson, 6 functions of language

phatic

paired with the channel

4
jakobson, 6 functions of language

directive

connective, paired with addressee

5
jakobson, 6 functions of language

metalanguage

paired with code

6
jakobson, 6 functions of language

poetic

paired with signs, sensual properties. defined by repetition of tokens of a common type

7
Jakobson

Poetics

deals with problems of verbal structure. deals with evaluation of language. 

8
goffman

interactional order

turn taking, opening and closing markers

9
goffman

paradigmatic

vertical, axis of selection

10
goffman

syntagmatic

horizontal, axis of combination

11
goffman

social situation

derived from Hymes, notion of speech community

12
goffman

neglected situation

indicative vs. correlational, introduces performative

13
goffman

performative

when you speak, you frame others and yourself. staging.

must be in the first person singular present indicative active.

not just stating an action, it's actually performing it.

the performance of the act is the object.

14
saussure

langue

arbitrary, synchronic (axis of combination), defined by speech community

15
saussure

parole

motivated, diachronic (context dependent, anchored in time and space). no natural connection between signifier and signified

16
Peirce

semiotic process

relationship between sign-process relationships and the process of interpretants

17
Peirce

joint attention

index finger draws attention to sign which points to an object

18
Peirce

hammering

sign - hammer

interpretant - hammering

object - can't be seen, it's the function

19
Peirce

mental state

facial expression, intonation, volume are signs of it. we only have access to interpretants.

object is the correspondence preserving projection from a set of normatively appropriate and effective interpretants of a sign

20
Peirce

cat vomit

sign, cat vomits. interpretant, 'chix'. chix refers to object that the sign stands for

21
Peirce

sign-process

relationship between sign-object relationship and interpretant-object relationship

22
Peirce

iconic sign-object relationship

sign and object have a quality in common

23
Peirce

indexical sign-object relationship

there's a special temporal contiguity and/or causal relationship. index finger

24
Peirce

symbolic sign-object relationship

sign and object are arbitrarily linked, conventional

25
Peirce

1/3 qualisign

firstness, qualities of object. 'red' has to be a quality before being a sign

26
Peirce

2/3 sinsign

secondness. actual fact. smell from hallway. effort is sometimes involved. happens in the here and now

27
Peirce

3/3 legisign

thirdness. reason involved. not only the state of affairs but also mental states

28
Peirce

1/3 affective interpretant

emotive, reaction

29
Peirce

2/3 energetic interpretant

active, usually an action

30
Peirce

3/3 representational interpretant

logical. ultimate interpretant. dispositions, beliefs, mental state and habits.