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Social Studies 20-1 > Intro to Nationalism > Flashcards

Flashcards in Intro to Nationalism Deck (19):

Define nation-state.

Nation-state is a country that has physical borders and a single government. Nation-states may be based on ethnic nationalism or civic nationalism or a combination of the two. A nation state often will a number of nations within its political boundary.


Define nation.

A nation is more of a concept. A nation can exist without specific borders and a sense of nation often emerges from a collective that is united in some way.


Define pluralism.

Pluralism is a belief or doctrine that a society should reflect an inclusive approach that encourages diversity. It assumes that diversity is beneficial and that diverse groups, whether these are cultural, religious, spiritual, ideological, gender, linguistic, environmental, or philosophical, should enjoy autonomy.


Define ethnic.

Ethnic is racial, cultural, or linguistic characteristics. Many nations come into being because people share a collective identity based on ethnic characteristics.


Define self-determination.

Self-determination is the power to control one's own affairs. National self-determination is true power of people within a nation-state or nation to make their own decisions about what is in their interest.


Define sovereignty.

Sovereignty is the political authority to control one's own affairs. Sovereignty may be distinguished from, and sometimes conflict with, self-determination, which is a people's right to control their own affairs.


Define civic nation.

A civic nation is a nation created by people - no matter what their ethnicity, culture, and language - who agree to live according to particular values and beliefs expressed as the rule of law.


Define ethnic nationalism.

Ethnic nationalism is nationalism that is founded on shared ethnicity, culture, and language. People who share these traits may choose to create a nation-state based on their collective identity.


Define linguistic nationalism.

A nation created by a common language. A common language can sometimes create a feeling of belonging so powerful that it inspires a sense of nation and it helps create a shared worldview that gives people a sense of nation.


Define cultural nationalism.

Culture - the ways of life that a people share - can also inspire a sense of nation.


Define religious nationalism.

Religion can also form an important understanding of nation.


Define geographic nationalism.

Mountains, oceans and deserts are physical barriers that often forced peoples to develop in isolation from other peoples, which then creates a nation.


Define political nationalism.

Political nationalism can be defined as sovereignty or self-determination.


Define international.

International means "between countries or nation-states".


Define nationalism.

Nationalism means, among other things, "striving for a country".


Define patriotism.

Patriotism is love of country and an interest in its well-being. A sense of loyalty that may be expressed in various ways.


Define multiculturalism.

Multiculturalism is. A belief, doctrine or policy that embraces the idea of ethnic or cultural diversity and promotes a culturally pluralistic society.


Define responsible government.

A government that answers to the people rather than to colonial cover its. The concept was introduced in Canada by Louis/Hippolyte LaFontaine and Robert Baldwin in the 1840s.


Define economic nationalists.

Economic nationalists are people who believe that a country's businesses and industries should be protected against foreign interests.